Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates - thanks for your support! Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates - thanks for your support! Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates - thanks for your support! Follow us on Douban to receive important updates - thanks for your support!
Chinese Text Project
Show translation:[None] [Modern Chinese] [English]

《衛靈公 - Wei Ling Gong》

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《衛靈公》 Library Resources
1 衛靈公:
衛靈公問陳於孔子。孔子對曰:「俎豆之事,則嘗聞之矣;軍旅之事,未之學也。」明日遂行。
Wei Ling Gong:
The duke Ling of Wei asked Confucius about tactics. Confucius replied, "I have heard all about sacrificial vessels, but I have not learned military matters." On this, he took his departure the next day.

2 衛靈公:
在陳絕糧,從者病,莫能興。子路慍見曰:「君子亦有窮乎?」子曰:「君子固窮,小人窮斯濫矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
When he was in Chen, their provisions were exhausted, and his followers became so ill that they were unable to rise. Zi Lu, with evident dissatisfaction, said, "Has the superior man likewise to endure in this way?" The Master said, "The superior man may indeed have to endure want, but the mean man, when he is in want, gives way to unbridled license."

3 衛靈公:
子曰:「賜也,女以予為多學而識之者與?」對曰:「然,非與?」曰:「非也,予一以貫之。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Ci, you think, I suppose, that I am one who learns many things and keeps them in memory?" Zi Gong replied, "Yes - but perhaps it is not so?" "No," was the answer; "I seek a unity all pervading."

4 衛靈公:
子曰:「由!知德者鮮矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "You, those who know virtue are few."

5 衛靈公:
子曰:「無為而治者,其舜也與?夫何為哉,恭己正南面而已矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "May not Shun be instanced as having governed efficiently without exertion? What did he do? He did nothing but gravely and reverently occupy his royal seat."

6 衛靈公:
子張問行。子曰:「言忠信,行篤敬,雖蠻貊之邦行矣;言不忠信,行不篤敬,雖州里行乎哉?立,則見其參於前也;在輿,則見其倚於衡也。夫然後行。」子張書諸紳。
Wei Ling Gong:
Zi Zhang asked how a man should conduct himself, so as to be everywhere appreciated. The Master said, "Let his words be sincere and truthful and his actions honorable and careful - such conduct may be practiced among the rude tribes of the South or the North. If his words be not sincere and truthful, and his actions not honorable and careful, will he, with such conduct, be appreciated, even in his neighborhood? When he is standing, let him see those two things, as it were, fronting him. When he is in a carriage, let him see them attached to the yoke. Then may he subsequently carry them into practice."Zi Zhang wrote these counsels on the end of his sash.

7 衛靈公:
子曰:「直哉史魚!邦有道,如矢;邦無道,如矢。」君子哉蘧伯玉!邦有道,則仕;邦無道,則可卷而懷之。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Truly straightforward was the historiographer Yu. When good government prevailed in his state, he was like an arrow. When bad government prevailed, he was like an arrow. A superior man indeed is Qu Bo Yu! When good government prevails in his state, he is to be found in office. When bad government prevails, he can roll his principles up, and keep them in his breast."

8 衛靈公:
子曰:「可與言而不與之言,失人;不可與言而與之言,失言。知者不失人,亦不失言。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "When a man may be spoken with, not to speak to him is to err in reference to the man. When a man may not be spoken with, to speak to him is to err in reference to our words. The wise err neither in regard to their man nor to their words."

9 衛靈公:
子曰:「志士仁人,無求生以害仁,有殺身以成仁。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The determined scholar and the man of virtue will not seek to live at the expense of injuring their virtue. They will even sacrifice their lives to preserve their virtue complete."

10 衛靈公:
子貢問為仁。子曰:「工欲善其事,必先利其器。居是邦也,事其大夫之賢者,友其士之仁者。」
Wei Ling Gong:
Zi Gong asked about the practice of virtue. The Master said, "The mechanic, who wishes to do his work well, must first sharpen his tools. When you are living in any state, take service with the most worthy among its great officers, and make friends of the most virtuous among its scholars."

11 衛靈公:
顏淵問為邦。子曰:「行夏之時,乘殷之輅,服周之冕,樂則韶舞。放鄭聲,遠佞人。鄭聲淫,佞人殆。」
Wei Ling Gong:
Yan Yuan asked how the government of a country should be administered. The Master said, "Follow the seasons of Xia. Ride in the state carriage of Yin. Wear the ceremonial cap of Zhou. Let the music be the Shao with its pantomimes. Banish the songs of Zheng, and keep far from specious talkers. The songs of Zheng are licentious; specious talkers are dangerous."

12 衛靈公:
子曰:「人無遠慮,必有近憂。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "If a man take no thought about what is distant, he will find sorrow near at hand."

13 衛靈公:
子曰:「已矣乎!吾未見好德如好色者也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "It is all over! I have not seen one who loves virtue as he loves beauty."

14 衛靈公:
子曰:「臧文仲其竊位者與?知柳下惠之賢,而不與立也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Was not Zang Wen like one who had stolen his situation? He knew the virtue and the talents of Hui of Liu Xia, and yet did not procure that he should stand with him in court."

15 衛靈公:
子曰:「躬自厚而薄責於人,則遠怨矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "He who requires much from himself and little from others, will keep himself from being the object of resentment."

16 衛靈公:
子曰:「不曰『如之何如之何』者,吾末如之何也已矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "When a man is not in the habit of saying, 'What shall I think of this? What shall I think of this?' I can indeed do nothing with him!"

17 衛靈公:
子曰:「群居終日,言不及義,好行小慧,難矣哉!」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "When a number of people are together, for a whole day, without their conversation turning on righteousness, and when they are fond of carrying out the suggestions of a small shrewdness; theirs is indeed a hard case."

18 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子義以為質,禮以行之,孫以出之,信以成之。君子哉!」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man."

19 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子病無能焉,不病人之不己知也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men's not knowing him."

20 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子疾沒世而名不稱焉。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man dislikes the thought of his name not being mentioned after his death."

21 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子求諸己,小人求諸人。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others."

22 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子矜而不爭,群而不黨。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man is dignified, but does not wrangle. He is sociable, but not a partisan."

23 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子不以言舉人,不以人廢言。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man does not promote a man simply on account of his words, nor does he put aside good words because of the man."

24 衛靈公:
子貢問曰:「有一言而可以終身行之者乎?」子曰:「其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。」
Wei Ling Gong:
Zi Gong asked, saying, "Is there one word which may serve as a rule of practice for all one's life?" The Master said, "Is not RECIPROCITY such a word? What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others."

25 衛靈公:
子曰:「吾之於人也,誰毀誰譽?如有所譽者,其有所試矣。斯民也,三代之所以直道而行也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "In my dealings with men, whose evil do I blame, whose goodness do I praise, beyond what is proper? If I do sometimes exceed in praise, there must be ground for it in my examination of the individual. This people supplied the ground why the three dynasties pursued the path of straightforwardness."

26 衛靈公:
子曰:「吾猶及史之闕文也,有馬者借人乘之。今亡矣夫!」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Even in my early days, a historiographer would leave a blank in his text, and he who had a horse would lend him to another to ride. Now, alas! there are no such things."

27 衛靈公:
子曰:「巧言亂德,小不忍則亂大謀。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Specious words confound virtue. Want of forbearance in small matters confounds great plans."

28 衛靈公:
子曰:「眾惡之,必察焉;眾好之,必察焉。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "When the multitude hate a man, it is necessary to examine into the case. When the multitude like a man, it is necessary to examine into the case."

29 衛靈公:
子曰:「人能弘道,非道弘人。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "A man can enlarge the principles which he follows; those principles do not enlarge the man."

30 衛靈公:
子曰:「過而不改,是謂過矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "To have faults and not to reform them - this, indeed, should be pronounced having faults."

31 衛靈公:
子曰:「吾嘗終日不食,終夜不寢,以思,無益,不如學也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "I have been the whole day without eating, and the whole night without sleeping; occupied with thinking. It was of no use. The better plan is to learn."

32 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子謀道不謀食。耕也,餒在其中矣;學也,祿在其中矣。君子憂道不憂貧。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The object of the superior man is truth. Food is not his object. There is plowing - even in that there is sometimes want. So with learning - emolument may be found in it. The superior man is anxious lest he should not get truth; he is not anxious lest poverty should come upon him."

33 衛靈公:
子曰:「知及之,仁不能守之;雖得之,必失之。知及之,仁能守之。不莊以涖之,則民不敬。知及之,仁能守之,莊以涖之。動之不以禮,未善也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "When a man's knowledge is sufficient to attain, and his virtue is not sufficient to enable him to hold, whatever he may have gained, he will lose again. When his knowledge is sufficient to attain, and he has virtue enough to hold fast, if he cannot govern with dignity, the people will not respect him. When his knowledge is sufficient to attain, and he has virtue enough to hold fast; when he governs also with dignity, yet if he try to move the people contrary to the rules of propriety - full excellence is not reached."

34 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子不可小知,而可大受也;小人不可大受,而可小知也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man cannot be known in little matters; but he may be intrusted with great concerns. The small man may not be intrusted with great concerns, but he may be known in little matters."

35 衛靈公:
子曰:「民之於仁也,甚於水火。水火,吾見蹈而死者矣,未見蹈仁而死者也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Virtue is more to man than either water or fire. I have seen men die from treading on water and fire, but I have never seen a man die from treading the course of virtue."

36 衛靈公:
子曰:「當仁不讓於師。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Let every man consider virtue as what devolves on himself. He may not yield the performance of it even to his teacher."

37 衛靈公:
子曰:「君子貞而不諒。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "The superior man is correctly firm, and not firm merely."

38 衛靈公:
子曰:「事君,敬其事而後其食。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "A minister, in serving his prince, reverently discharges his duties, and makes his emolument a secondary consideration."

39 衛靈公:
子曰:「有教無類。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "In teaching there should be no distinction of classes."

40 衛靈公:
子曰:「道不同,不相為謀。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "Those whose courses are different cannot lay plans for one another."

41 衛靈公:
子曰:「辭達而已矣。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The Master said, "In language it is simply required that it convey the meaning."

42 衛靈公:
師冕見,及階,子曰:「階也。」及席,子曰:「席也。」皆坐,子告之曰:「某在斯,某在斯。」師冕出。子張問曰:「與師言之道與?」子曰:「然。固相師之道也。」
Wei Ling Gong:
The music master, Mian, having called upon him, when they came to the steps, the Master said, "Here are the steps." When they came to the mat for the guest to sit upon, he said, "Here is the mat." When all were seated, the Master informed him, saying, "So and so is here; so and so is here." The music master, Mian, having gone out, Zi Zhang asked, saying. "Is it the rule to tell those things to the music master?" The Master said, "Yes. This is certainly the rule for those who lead the blind."

Advertise on this site or log in for reduced advertising.