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Chinese Text Project

《四祭》

Library Resources
1 四祭:
古者歲四祭。四祭者,因四時之所生孰,而祭其先祖父母也。故春曰祠,夏曰祗,秋曰嘗,冬曰蒸。此言不失其時,以奉祭先祖也。過時不祭,則失為人子之道也。祠者,以正月始食韭也;祗者,以四月食麥也;嘗者,以七月嘗黍稷也;蒸者,以十月進初稻也。此天之經也,地之義也。孝子孝婦,緣天之時,因地之利。藝之稻麥黍稷,菜生谷熟,永思吉日,供具祭物,齊戒沐浴,潔清致敬,祀其先祖父母。孝子孝婦不使時過,己處之以愛敬,行之以恭讓,亦殆免於罪矣。

2 四祭:
已受命而王,必先祭天,乃行王事,文王之伐崇是也。《》曰:「濟濟闢王,左右奉璋。奉璋峨峨,髦士攸宜。」此文王之郊也。其下之辭曰:「淠彼涇舟,丞徒楫之。周王於邁,六師及之。」此文王之伐崇也。上言奉璋,下言伐崇,以是見文王之先郊而後伐也。文王受命則郊,郊乃伐崇,崇國之民,方困於暴亂之君,未得被聖人德澤,而文王已郊矣。

URN: ctp:chun-qiu-fan-lu/si-ji