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Chinese Text Project

U+4E4B

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:丿+ 3 strokes = 4 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.58#42 Kangxi: p.82#04 Cihai: p.47r2c02 GSR: 962.a Hanyu: v1,p0043#01
Composition:Component of: 𠯣 𫩝 𦥧 𧉌 𫡛 𬔱 𡭿 𪦆 𩖳 𢾘 𪢇
Mandarin:zhī
Cantonese:zi1
Tang reconstruction:*jiə jiə
Shuowen:之部》之:出也。象艸過屮,枝莖益大,有所之。一者,地也。凡之之屬皆从之。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》之:適也,往也,閒也,亦姓出姓苑。止而切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·丿部·》之:〔古文〕㞢《唐韻》《正韻》止而切《集韻》《韻會》眞而切,𠀤音枝。《說文》出也,象艸過屮枝莖益大有所之。一者,地也。《玉篇》是也,適也,往也。《禮·檀弓》延陵季子曰:若䰟氣,則無不之也。又於也。《禮·大學》之其所親愛而辟焉。《註》之,適也。《朱傳》猶於也。又語助辭。《書·金縢》禮亦宜之。《禮·文王世子》秋冬亦如之。《正字通》凡之字,或句中,或語尾,或層出。如毛詩我之懷矣,共武之服,及女曰雞鳴章知子之來之,六句九之字,常華章左之左之,六句八之字,可以例推。又此也。《·周南》之子于歸。《註》之子,是子也。又變也。《易傳》辭也者,各指其所之。《孫奕示兒編》之字訓變,左傳,遇觀之否。言觀變爲否也。又至也。《·鄘風》之死矢靡他。又遺也。《揚子·法言》或問孔子,知其道之不用也。則載而惡乎之。曰:之後世君子。《註》言行道者貴乎及身,乃載以遺後世。又姓。出《姓苑》。又《郝敬讀書通》凡言之者,物有所指,事有所屬,地有所往,連屬之辭也。通作旃。《·唐風》舍旃舍旃。又《魏風》上愼旃哉。𠀤與之同。通作至。往彼曰之,到此曰至,音義互通。又《韻補》叶職流切,音周。《楚辭·九章》呂望屠於朝歌兮,甯戚歌而飯牛。不逢堯舜與桓繆兮,世孰云而知之。叶上牛下求。《周伯琦曰》古人因物制字。如之本芝草,乎本吁氣,焉本鳶,後人借爲助語,助語之用旣多,反爲所奪,又制字以別之,乃有芝字吁字鳶字。
考證:〔《禮·文王世子》冬亦如之。〕謹照原文改秋冬亦如之。
Fanqie:止而 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
Unihan definition:marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase; it, him her, them; go to

CTP Dictionary


zhī (1): 往,到......去。 Towards; go to.
墨子·非儒下》:孔丘齊見景公,景公說,欲封之以尼谿,以告晏子。
Kong Qiu visited the state of Qi and saw Lord Jing. Lord Jing was pleased and was going to assign Ni Xi to him. He told Yanzi about it.
孟子·滕文公上》:滕文公為世子,將楚,過宋而見孟子。
When the prince, afterwards duke Wen of Teng, had to go to Chu, he went by way of Song, and visited Mencius.
莊子·人間世》:匠石齊,至乎曲轅,見櫟社樹。
A (master) mechanic, called Shi, on his way to Qi, came to Qu-yuan, where he saw an oak-tree, which was used as the altar for the spirits of the land.
禮記·檀弓上》:孔子衛,遇舊館人之喪,入而哭之哀。
When Confucius went to Wei, he found the mourning rites going on for a man with whom he had formerly lodged. Entering the house, he wailed for him bitterly.
韓非子》:鄭人有且置履者,先自度其足而置之其坐,至市而忘操之,已得履,乃曰:「吾忘持度。」
史記·高祖本紀》:高祖東垣,過柏人,趙相貫高等謀弒高祖,高祖心動,因不留。
zhī (2): 指示代詞:這。 Demonstrative pronoun: this, these.
墨子·小取》:馬之目盼則為馬盼。
This horse's eyes are blind means that this horse is blind.
論語·公冶長》:子聞,曰:「再,斯可矣。」
When the Master was informed of it, he said, "Twice may do."
孟子·梁惠王下》:吾聞也:君子不以其所以養人者害人。
I have heard this - that a ruler does not injure his people with that wherewith he nourishes them.
莊子·逍遙遊》:二蟲又何知!
What should these two small creatures know about the matter?
禮記·檀弓上》:三,孔子泫然流涕曰:「吾聞:古不修墓。」
They told him this thrice without his giving them any answer. He then wept freely, and said, 'I have heard that the ancients did not need to repair their graves.'
詩經·桃夭》:子于歸、宜其室家。
This young lady is going to her future home, And will order well her chamber and house.
zhī (3): 第三人稱代詞:他、她、它。 Third person pronoun: him, her, it.
墨子·經說上》:故:小故,有不必然,無必不然。
'Minor reason': having this, it will not necessarily be so; lacking this, necessarily it will not be so.
論語·學而》:子曰:「學而時習,不亦說乎?」
The Master said, "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application?"
孟子·梁惠王上》:是何異於刺人而殺,曰:『非我也,兵也。』
In what does this differ from stabbing a man and killing him, and then saying - "It was not I; it was the weapon?"
莊子·逍遙遊》:而宋榮子猶然笑
And yet Rongzi of Song would have smiled and laughed at them.
禮記·檀弓上》:魯人有朝祥而莫歌者,子路笑
There was a man of Lu, who, after performing in the morning the ceremony which introduced the 25th month of his mourning, began to sing in the evening. Zi-lu laughed at him.
詩經·關雎》:參差荇菜、左右流
Here long, there short, is the duckweed, To the left, to the right, borne about by the current.
zhī (4.1): 助詞:相當於「的」。 Auxiliary word: of.
墨子·經說上》:體:若二一,尺端也
For example, one of two, or the starting-point of a measured length.
論語·學而》:孝弟也者,其為仁本與!
Filial piety and fraternal submission! - are they not the root of all benevolent actions?
孟子·梁惠王上》:萬乘國弒其君者,必千乘家。
In the kingdom of ten thousand chariots, the murderer of his sovereign shall be the chief of a family of a thousand chariots.
莊子·應帝王》:先生死矣,弗活矣,不以旬數矣!
Your master is a dead man. He will not live; -- not for ten days more!
史記·五帝本紀》:黃帝者,少典子,姓公孫,名曰軒轅。
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
禮記·曲禮上》:凡為人子禮:冬溫而夏凊,昏定而晨省,在醜夷不爭。
For all sons it is the rule: In winter, to warm (the bed for their parents), and to cool it in summer; in the evening, to adjust everything (for their repose), and to inquire (about their health) in the morning; and, when with their companions, not to quarrel.
zhī (4.2): 助詞:用於主語和謂語之間,取消句子的獨立性。 Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause.
墨子·經說上》:大故,有之必
然,
1
之必不
2然,若見成見也。
It is a part, like having a starting point. 'Major reason': having this, it will necessarily [be so]; lacking [this, necessarily it will not] be so. Like the appearing bringing about the seeing.
論語·學而》:子曰:「不患人不己知,患不知人也。」
The Master said, "I will not be afflicted at men's not knowing me; I will be afflicted that I do not know men."
孟子·梁惠王上》:故王不王,不為也,非不能也。
Therefore your Majesty's not exercising the royal sway, is because you do not do it, not because you are not able to do it.
道德經》:天下皆知美為美,斯惡已
All in the world know the beauty of the beautiful, and in doing this they have (the idea of) what ugliness is.
公孫龍子·跡府》:且白馬非馬,乃仲尼所取。
列子·湯問》:北山愚公長息曰:「汝心固,固不可徹,曾不若孀妻弱子。」
zhī (4.3): 助詞:在句中只起調節音節的作用,無實義。 Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.
孟子·梁惠王上》:填然鼓,兵刃既接,棄甲曳兵而走。
The soldiers move forward to the sound of the drums; and after their weapons have been crossed, on one side they throw away their coats of mail, trail their arms behind them, and run.
韓非子·說難》:凡說之難:非吾知,有以說之之難也

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