Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates - thanks for your support! Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates - thanks for your support! Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates - thanks for your support! Follow us on Douban to receive important updates - thanks for your support!
Chinese Text Project
Back Forward
Histories -> Shiji -> 列傳 -> 大宛列傳 -> 10

西西老上單于西

CharacterCompositionVariantsReadingMeaningHanyuKangxiCihai
大+0𠘲 ㄉㄚˋ Large, great. / Exceed, be greater than. / Venerate, treat as being great. / Many. / Thick, coarse. / Elder. / Respectful term of address. / Adverb expressing high level or broad range.v1,p0520#01p.248#01p.342r3c03
 tài ㄊㄞˋ Most (superlative). / Too much. / Peaceful, tranquil.
月+0yuè ㄩㄝˋmoon; month; KangXi radical 74v3,p2041#01p.504#19p.655r4c05
氏+0 shì zhī jīng ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄥclan, family; misterv3,p2130#01p.597#18p.750r2c01
土+3zài ㄗㄞˋ Exist, be alive. / Be in a certain place. / Inquire after, pay one's respects to. / Preposition: due to, being that. / Preposition: specifies location or time of an action - in, at.v1,p0418#07p.223#10p.312r2c07
宀+5 wǎn yuān ㄨㄢˇ ㄩㄢseem, as if, crookedv2,p0922#05p.284#01p.415r5c01
西襾+0 𠧧 ㄒㄧwest(ern); westward, occidentv4,p2805#02p.1128#10p.1221r6c03
口+2 ㄎㄜˇ ㄎㄜˋmay, can, -able; possiblyv1,p0567#07p.172#12p.244r1c02
二+0 èr ㄦˋtwo; twicev1,p0002#01p.86#01p.58r6c01
一+2 sān sàn ㄙㄢ ㄙㄢˋthreev1,p0004#03p.76#05p.11r2c01
十+1 qiān ㄑㄧㄢthousand; many, numerous; very; (Cant.) a cheater, swindlerv1,p0059#01p.155#19p.212r5c01
里+0 ㄌㄧˇunit of distance; village; lanev6,p3680#01p.1291#02p.1357r4c01
尸+5 ㄐㄩ Sit down. / Wait. / Live, dwell. / Dwelling, residence. / Tomb. / Rank, position occupied. / Person occupying the rank of ruler. / Live peacefully. / Usually, normally. / Located in. / Defend (a post), guard (a region). / Remain behind to handle matters. / Have, possess. / Employ, implement. / Stop, rest, remain. / Store, stockpile. / Raise, rear (livestock). / Used before times expressing time elapsed: after.v2,p0968#04p.300#30p.448r1c02
  ㄐㄩˇ Movement, action.
  ㄐㄩˋ Arrogant. / Straight. / Saw.
  ㄐㄧ Modal particle expressing exclamation or questioning.
女+9 guī ㄍㄨㄟfamily namev2,p1068#18p.267#36
水+0 shuǐ ㄕㄨㄟˇwater, liquid, lotion, juicev3,p1545#01p.603#01p.757r1c01
匕+3 𧉥 běi ㄅㄟˇ North. / Go northwards. / Flee in defeat. / Retreating army.v1,p0262#04p.152#25p.203r2c02
 bèi ㄅㄟˋ Deviate, depart from.
八+6 ㄑㄧˊ Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.v1,p0245#01p.127#18p.162r5c01
  ㄐㄧˋ Particle used after bi and he.
  ㄐㄧ Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.
十+7𡴖 𡴟 nán ㄋㄢˊ ㄋㄚsouth; southern part; southwardv1,p0065#02p.157#05p.217r3c01
刀+7𠟻 𠟭 𠞋 𠟔 ㄗㄜˊ(4.1) 副詞:用於加強判斷,相當於「乃」、「即」。 Adverb used to emphasize an assertion.v1,p0340#06p.139#31p.183r5c05
夊+7𡔰 𠍺 𡕾 xià jiǎ ㄒㄧㄚˋ ㄐㄧㄚˇsummer; great, grand, bigv2,p0869#10p.245#12p.335r1c08
宀+3ān Stable, steady. / Peaceful, tranquil. / Safe. / Accustomed to do, habitually do. / Not worry about, be relaxed about. / Comfort, ease. / Stop, cease. / Unhurried. / Place, put. / Interrogative pronoun: how. / Interrogative pronoun: where. / Interrogative pronoun: what. / Interrogative pronoun: who. / Connective: so, thereupon.v2,p0913#09p.282#08p.406r2c01
心+6𧪩 ㄒㄧrest, put stop to, end, ceasev4,p2291#04p.385#20p.530r5c01
刀+7𠟻 𠟭 𠞋 𠟔 ㄗㄜˊ Method, rule. / Mimic, emulate. / Level, grade. / Adverb used to emphasize an assertion. / Adverb used to express scope: only. / Connective expressing continuation: then, and then. / Connective emphasizing comparison. / Connective expressing contrast. / Connective expressing allowance: yet, even so. / Connective expressing unexpected turn of events. / Connective expressing suppostion: if.v1,p0340#06p.139#31p.183r5c05
广+8𠭳 kāng ㄎㄤpeaceful, quiet; happy, healthyv2,p0891#01p.347#27p.490r1c01
行+0 xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ Walk, move (on foot). / Advance, move forward. / Leave, exit. / Patrol, go on inspection. / Inspection of the realm by the Son of Heaven. / Be married off. / Flow, circulate. / Channel, guide. / Revolution, circular motion. / Experience. / Luggage, belongings taken on a journey. / Do, carry out. / Actions. / Accomplishments. / Use, utilize. / Take over (an official duty). / Offer, present. / Moral conduct, behaviour. / A type of classical poem. / A piece of music. / Semi-cursive script. / Adverb: will, about to. / Adverb: again, once more. / Adverb: by chance, luckily. / Ambassador (official title). / Measure word for number of pourings of drinks.v2,p0811#06p.1108#31p.1203r5c05
 háng ㄏㄤˊ Road. / Track, pattern. / Row, line. / Row of soldiers in battle. / Unit of 25 soldiers. / Shaft of a feather (and by extension, wings). / Measure word for things which form rows. / Rank, position.
囗+8 𢧌 guó ㄍㄨㄛˊnation, country, nation-statev1,p0720#09p.219#16p.303r4c02
乙+2𠃟 ㄧㄝˇ Modal particle used at the end of a sentence, expressing assertion and affirmation. / Modal particle used at the end of a question for emphasis. / Modal particle used at the end of a cause-effect sentence to express explanation. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause.v1,p0050#05p.84#04p.55r1c01
阜+13𨼕 suí ㄙㄨㄟˊfollow, listen to, submit; to accompany; subsequently, thenv6,p4156#17p.1361#04p.1434r1c01
田+5 chù ㄔㄨˋ Domestic animals.v4,p2538#04p.761#12p.913r3c03
  ㄒㄩˋ Raise (livestock). / Raise, look after (a family). / Cultivate. / Contain, accommodate. / Love.
禾+6 chǐ ㄧˊ ㄔˇ ㄧˋchange place, shift; move aboutv4,p2603#20p.853#04p.991r5c06
彳+8𡕝 𨗬 𡲴 ㄒㄧˇmove one's abode, shift, migratev2,p0827#12p.368#05p.514r4c01
臼+8 𢌱 𦦲 𠔔 ㄩˇ Give. / Follow, go along with. / Comrade, ally. / Association, contact. / Oppose. / Engage [an enemy]. / Approve, consent to. / Help. / Wait. / Preposition indicating passive tense. / Preposition: to, with. / Preposition: with. / Preposition: as. / Preposition: in, on. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: with its ... / Connective: or.v1,p0251#04p.1004#13p.1113r2c03
  ㄩˋ Participate, take part in.
  ㄩˇ Interfere in.
  ㄩˊ Auxiliary word: used at the end of a sentence to express questioning , exclamation, or a rhetorical question. / Auxiliary word: used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause.
勹+4 xiōng ㄒㄩㄥbreast, chest, thorax; clamor; the Hsiung Nu 'Huns'v1,p0258#05p.151#04p.201r2c02
女+2 ㄋㄨˊslave, servantv2,p1024#07p.254#26p.377r5c01
口+3 tóng tòng ㄊㄨㄥˊ ㄊㄨㄥˋsame, similar; together withv1,p0578#01p.175#06p.252r1c01
人+7 ㄙㄨˊsocial customs; vulgar, unrefinedv1,p0163#10p.105#09p.107r1c01
手+8kòng qiāng ㄎㄨㄥˋ ㄑㄧㄤaccuse, charge; controlv3,p1906#09p.439#07p.582r1c01
弓+5 xián ㄒㄧㄢˊstring; hypotenuse, crescentv2,p0993#07p.357#31p.501r2c03
老+4zhě ㄓㄜˇ Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.v4,p2780#05p.961#01p.1080r1c01
 zhuó ㄓㄨㄛˊ In, located in.
一+0 one; a, an; alonev1,p0001#01p.75#01p.1r1c01
十+0 shí ㄕˊten, tenth; complete; perfectv1,p0058#09p.155#17p.207r5c02
禸+8 𤍚 𢁭 wàn ㄨㄢˋten thousand; innumerablev5,p3247#08p.1042#33p.1149r4c02
攴+5 ㄍㄨˋ Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.v2,p1453#05p.469#25p.601r5c01
日+6 shí ㄕˊ Season. / Unit of time equal to two hours. / [The passage of] time. / Time, times. / Age, period, epoch. / Occasion, opportune moment. / On time. / Then, at that time. / Always, constantly. / Same as 「伺(1)」: Wait until, wait for (a chance).v2,p1505#05p.494#22p.639r3c04
弓+13 qiáng qiǎng jiāng jiàng ㄑㄧㄤˊ ㄑㄧㄤˇ ㄐㄧㄤ ㄐㄧㄤˋstubborn, uncompromisingv2,p1003#01p.361#06p.506r2c01
車+7𨌷 𨓷 qīng ㄑㄧㄥ Light, low weight. / Small, thin. / Light and quick, agile. / Easy, casual. / Frivolous, careless. / Reduce, lighten. / Show contempt for, view as unimportant.v5,p3534#05p.1244#09p.1301r6c01
又+2𢎜 𨕤 ㄐㄧˊ Catch up to. / Retrieve, recover. / Attain, rival. / To. / Touch. / Relate to. / Continue, succeed. / Preposition: until ... (a time). / Connective: and.v1,p0035#01p.165#03p.233r4c06
冂+7冒 𡈘 𡇾 mào mòu ㄇㄠˋ ㄇㄡˋ ㄇㄛˋrisk, brave, darev2,p1499#12p.129#21p.165r3c01
頁+4 dùn zhūn ㄉㄨㄣˋ ㄉㄨˊ ㄓㄨㄣpause, stop; bow, kowtow; arrangev7,p4360#05p.1401#11p.1476r4c03
立+0 ㄌㄧˋ Stand. / Erect, raise. / Establish, found. / Fix, set. / Determine, decide. / Become independent. / Exist. / Take office. / Become ruler, enthrone. / Stop, prevent from moving. / Immediately.v4,p2706#01p.870#17p.1002r5c01
攴+3gōng ㄍㄨㄥattack, assault; criticizev2,p1449#06p.468#16p.600r1c01
石+5𡲠 ㄆㄛˋbreak, ruin, destroy; routv4,p2426#03p.829#28p.964r1c04
至+0𦤳 𦤴 𦤵 𡊏 zhì dié ㄓˋ ㄉㄧㄝˊreach, arrive; extremely, veryv4,p2814#01p.1001#11p.1111r3c04
老上單于老+0
一+2
口+9
二+1
𠄰
𠄞

lǎo shàng chán ㄌㄠˇ ㄕㄤˋ ㄔㄢˊ ㄩˊ [人名] [Name of a person]v4,p2778#01
v1,p0005#04
v1,p0654#06
v1,p0004#05
p.960#25
p.76#07
p.200#25
p.86#06
p.1077r3c03
p.24r2c01
p.284r6c02
p.63r3c02
殳+7 𢁛 𢽅 𢿹 𢽆 𢼡 𢿔 𧤿 shā ㄕㄚ Kill. / Corrupt, ruin. / Die. / Fight, kill each other.v3,p2157#01p.585#11p.743r4c02
 shài ㄕㄞˋ Wither, decline. / Decrease, reduce us of. / Decline, fall.
  ㄙㄚˋ Dim, gloomy appearance.
玉+0wáng ㄨㄤˊ King, title of supreme ruler of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties. / Ruler of a vassal state in the warring states period. / Highest title in feudal China. / Meet with the emperor. / Respectful term for one's paternal grandparents.v2,p1099#10p.727#02p.888r1c02
 wàng ㄨㄤˋ Rule as king, control all under heaven. / Enfeoff as king. / Flourish, abound.
 wǎng ㄨㄤˇ To, go to.
人+3 ㄧˇ Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as 「已(1)」: Stop, discontinue. / Same as 「已(7.2)」: Adverb: already. / Same as 「已(7.3)」: Adverb: extremely.v1,p0105#07p.94#01p.87r6c01
頁+7𥘖 tóu tou ㄊㄡˊ ㄊㄡ·head; top; chief, first; bossv7,p4372#05p.1404#20p.1477r6c01
火+5 wéi ㄨㄟˊ Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.v3,p2198#11p.669#10p.844r4c03
 wèi ㄨㄟˋ Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.
食+4 yǐn yìn ㄧㄣˇ ㄧㄣˋdrink; swallow; kind of drinkv7,p4445#07p.1417#33
口+13 𡄛 ㄑㄧˋreceptacle, vessel; instrumentv1,p0690#07p.210#02p.291r3c03
女+5𠃭 𠙉 shǐ ㄕˇbegin, start; then, only thenv2,p1041#12p.258#16p.381r1c02
攴+8𢼪 𠧉 dūn duì diāo duī tuán tún ㄉㄨㄣ ㄉㄨㄟˋ ㄉㄧㄠ ㄉㄨㄟ ㄊㄨㄢˊ ㄊㄨㄣˊesteem; honest, candid, sincerev2,p1468#01p.473#08p.606r2c02
火+9huáng ㄏㄨㄤˊbright, shining, luminousv3,p2218#16p.676#07p.852r6c03
示+3 zhǐ ㄑㄧˊ ㄓˇpray; numerous, ample, abundantv4,p2385#07p.840#03p.976r5c03
辵+7 lián liǎn liàn làn ㄌㄧㄢˊ ㄌㄧㄢˇ ㄌㄧㄢˋ ㄌㄢˋjoin, connect; continuous; evenv6,p3836#01p.1259#01p.1320r2c01
門+4𨳡 𨳢 xián jiān jiàn ㄒㄧㄢˊ ㄐㄧㄢ ㄐㄧㄢˋliesure; idle; peaceful, tranquil, calmv7,p4289#06p.1332#03p.1407r5c01
戶+4𢨷 suǒ ㄙㄨㄛˇ Place. / Location. / A suitable place or location. / Measure word, used for counting buldings. / Used before a verb, creates a noun-like phrase. / If. Mainly used in oaths and curses. / Used together with 為 to indicate the passive tense. / Indicates an approximate number. / Number, number of times. / Meaning.v3,p2259#01p.415#16p.556r1c01
攴+7 𤖐 bài ㄅㄞˋbe defeated, decline, failv2,p1462#02p.471#15p.604r6c01
丿+1 𢏩 𢎧 𠄎 𠧤 nǎi ㄋㄞˇ Second person pronoun: you. / Demonstrative pronoun: like this, thus. / Adverb: expresses affirmation. / Adverb: expresses limiting of scope: only, just. / Adverb: and then. / Adverb: just. / Adverb: expresses two contradictory or contrasting states of affairs. / Adverb: expresses beginning, origin. / Connective: hence / Adverb: regarding, as for. / Connective: if. / Particle, no meaning.v1,p0031#05p.81#12p.46r6c01
辵+10 𨖸 𢕱 yuǎn ㄩㄢˇ Far off, remote (in distance). / Consider to be far off. / Long time. / Large or numerous differences. / Profound. / Forward looking and ambitious. / Remote, far-off place. / Far off countries.v6,p3869#07p.1263#12p.1329r5c01
 yuàn ㄩㄢˋ Leave, exit. / Keep away from, avoid. / Violate (a rule).
厶+3 ㄑㄩˋ Leave, go away from. / Send away. / Remove, get rid of. / Banish, discard. / Lose, cease to possess. / Distance, separation. / Previous, past. / Later, after.v1,p0384#08p.164#10p.232r1c04
  ㄐㄩˇ Collect, keep.
  ㄑㄩ Expel.
辵+9 guò ㄍㄨㄛˋ Pass by, go by. / Exceed, go beyond. / Too much, excess. / Mistake, make a mistake. / Crime, commit a crime. / Lose. / Visit.v6,p3849#08p.1261#22p.1325r2c01
 guō ㄍㄨㄛ Name of a state in pre-Qin China.
手+13 ㄐㄧ ㄐㄧˊ ㄐㄧˋ ㄒㄧˊstrike, hit, beat; attack, fightv3,p1965#06p.458#09p.594r2c01
而+0ér ㄦˊ Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: and, then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.v4,p2810#01p.961#18p.1080r2c03
 néng ㄋㄥˊ Same as 「能(3)」: Able to, competent. / Same as 「能(2.1)」: Ability, talent.
臣+0𢘑 chén ㄔㄣˊminister, statesman, officialv4,p2801#01p.999#13p.1106r2c02
丿+3 zhī Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.v1,p0043#01p.82#04p.47r2c02
辵+9𨒉 𨔱 𨓸 𨔲 suì ㄙㄨㄟˋ Ditch between fields. / Waterway. / Pass through. / Succeed, go well. / Finished, past. / Grow up, bring up. / Favourable, as hoped. / Follow. / Not interfere with. / Advance. / Item used in archery. / Distant suburbs. / Adverb: finally, at last. / Adverb: and then, thereupon. / Part of a clock. / Distant, far off. / Name of a state in ancient China.v6,p3862#03p.1260#32p.1328r5c01
 zhuì ㄓㄨㄟˋ Fall.
邑+9 𨛷 dōu ㄉㄨ ㄉㄡmetropolis, capital; all, the whole; elegant, refinedv6,p3776#07p.1274#09
广+7tíng tìng ㄊㄧㄥˊ ㄊㄧㄥˋcourtyard; spacious hall or yardv2,p0882#11p.346#21p.489r3c02
食+7 ㄩˊ ㄧㄝˊsurplus, excess, remainderv7,p4456#09p.1420#25p.1492r3c03
小+0xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ Small. / Make small. / View as small. / Thin. / Insufficient. / Short (time), fleeting. / Young. / Slightly, somewhat. / Low level. / A person of low rank. / A person of bad moral character. / Humble term for oneself.v1,p0560#12p.296#18p.438r2c01
目+6 𠂝 𥅫 𠱧 zhòng ㄓㄨㄥˋmasses, people, multitude, crowdv4,p2917#04p.807#15p.951r1c02
一+3 𠀚 𠙐 ㄅㄨˋ Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?v1,p0011#06p.76#15p.30r1c01
 fǒu ㄈㄡˇ Same as 「否(1.2)」: Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as 「否(1.3)」: Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.
  ㄈㄨ Sepal of a flower.
  ㄆㄧ Same as 「丕(1)」: Large.
  ㄅㄧˇ Show disdain for.
肉+6néng ㄋㄥˊ A type of bear. / Ability, talent. / Man of ability, man of talent. / Able to, competent. / Comply with, be friendly towards. / Encompass, obtain. / To, arrive at. / Then, thus. / Same as 「而(4.3)」: Connective: if, supposing. / Only, merely. / Even if. / Thus, in this way. / Three-legged turtle.v3,p2074#01p.981#16p.1095r5c02
 nài ㄋㄞˋ Withstand, endure.
 tái ㄊㄞˊ Same as 「台(1.1)」: Name of a celestial body.
 tài ㄊㄞˋ State, form.
人+7bǎo ㄅㄠˇprotect, safeguard, defend, carev1,p0160#04p.105#17p.107r3c03
山+0shān ㄕㄢmountain, hill, peakv1,p0759#11p.307#01p.452r2c03
羊+2𡹽 qiāng ㄑㄧㄤQiang nationality; surnamev5,p3125#03p.951#03p.1069r3c02
虍+7 hào háo ㄏㄠˋ ㄏㄠˊmark, sign; symbol; numberv4,p2824#04p.1074#29p.1185r4c01

Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2014. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to http://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.
Advertise on this site or log in for reduced advertising.