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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+541B

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛
𠱩
同義字
𠱭
同義字

部首:+ 4筆 = 共7筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁111第37 康熙字典: 頁177第07 辭海: 卷2頁5660第8 GSR: 第459.a 漢語大字典: 卷1頁0595第06
表面結構:左上:,右下:。 具有相關結構: 。 Component of: 𠰶 𠧬 𨛦 𡝗 𢂽 𪣣 𢃆 𪪒 𫝉 𠲰 𢧃 [More]
國語發音:jūn ㄐㄩㄣ
粵語發音:gwan1
唐代發音:*giuən
說文解字:口部》君:尊也。从尹。發號,故从口。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上平聲··》君:《白虎通》云:君者羣也,羣下之歸心也,荀卿子曰君者儀也,民者影也,儀正則影正君者盤也,民者水也,盤圎則水圎又君者民之源也,源淸則流淸源濁則流濁。舉云切,八。
康熙字典:康熙字典·口部·》君:〔古文〕𠱩𠱭《唐韻》舉云切《集韻》《韻會》拘云切,𠀤音軍。《說文》尊也。从尹,發號,故从口。《白虎通》君者,羣也,羣下歸心也。《易·師卦》大君有命。《·大禹謨》皇天眷命,奄有四海,爲天下君。又凡有地者,皆曰君。《儀禮·子夏傳》君,至尊也。《註》天子,諸侯,及卿大夫有地者皆曰君。《晉語》三世仕家君之。又夫人亦稱君。《·鄘風》我以爲君。《傳》君國小君。《箋》夫人對君稱小君。《論語》邦君之妻,邦人稱之曰君夫人。稱諸異邦曰寡小君,異邦人稱之亦曰君夫人。又子稱父母曰君。《·家人》家人有嚴君焉,父母之謂也。又子孫稱先世皆曰君。《孔安國·尚書序》先君孔子,生于周末。又兄稱弟曰君。《杜牧·爲弟墓誌》君諱顗。又妾稱夫曰君。《禮·內則》君已食徹焉。《註》此謂士大夫之妾也。《儀禮·喪服》妾謂君。《註》妾謂夫爲君者,不得體之,加尊之也,雖士亦然。《疏》以妻得體之,得名爲夫,妾雖接見於夫,不得體敵,故加尊之,而名夫爲君。又婦稱夫亦曰君。《古樂府》十七爲君婦。又夫稱婦曰細君。《前漢·東方朔傳》歸遺細君,又何仁也。又上稱下亦曰君。《史記·申屠嘉傳》上曰:君勿言吾私之。又封號曰君。《史記·商君傳》秦封之於商十五邑,號爲商君。又婦人封號亦曰君。《史記·外戚世家》尊皇太后母臧兒爲平原君。又彼此通稱亦曰君。《史記·司馬穰苴傳》百姓之命,皆懸於君。君謂莊賈也。又《張儀傳》舍人曰:臣非知君,知君乃蘇君。又隱士就聘者曰徵君。《後漢·逸民韓康傳》亭長以韓徵君當至。又持節出使者曰使君。《後漢·𡨥恂傳》非敢脅使君。又《諡法》慶賞𠛬威曰君,從之成羣曰君。又君子,成德之稱。《易·乾卦》君子,終曰乾乾。《論語》不亦君子乎。《註》君子,成德之名。又姓。《正字通》明有君助。又叶姑員切,音涓。《劉向·烈女傳》引過推讓,宣王悟焉。夙夜崇道,爲中興君。
反切:舉云 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
英文翻譯:sovereign, monarch, ruler, chief, prince

CTP Dictionary


jūn ㄐㄩㄣ (1): 天子。 The son of heaven.
詩經·桑柔》:維此惠、民人所瞻。
Here is a good and righteous ruler, Who is looked up to by the people and by all; -
尚書·大禹謨》:皇天眷命,奄有四海為天下
Great Heaven regarded you with its favour, and bestowed on you its appointment. Suddenly you possessed all within the four seas, and became ruler of all under heaven.
jūn ㄐㄩㄣ (2): 國君。 The ruler of a state.
墨子·經說上》:侗:二人而俱見是楹也,若事
They are two men but both see that this is a pillar. Like serving a ruler. The pillar's engendering of the complement is not to be treated as necessary. (?)
論語·八佾》:子曰:「夷狄之有,不如諸夏之亡也。」
The Master said, "The rude tribes of the east and north have their princes, and are not like the States of our great land which are without them."
孟子·梁惠王上》:萬乘之國弒其者,必千乘之家。
In the kingdom of ten thousand chariots, the murderer of his sovereign shall be the chief of a family of a thousand chariots.
莊子·田子方》:楚王與凡坐,少焉,楚王左右曰「凡亡」
The king of Chu and the ruler of Fan were sitting together. After a little while, the attendants of the king said, 'Fan has been destroyed three times.'
禮記·曲禮下》:有疾,飲藥,臣先嘗之。
When a ruler is ill, and has to drink medicine, the minister first tastes it.
韓非子·難一》:或曰:平公失道,師曠失臣禮
jūn ㄐㄩㄣ (3): 大夫。 Dafu (title).
史記·商君列傳》:者,衛之諸庶孽公子也,名鞅,姓公孫氏,其祖本姬姓也。
jūn ㄐㄩㄣ (4): 為君。 To be ruler.
論語·顏淵》:孔子對曰:「君,臣臣,父父,子子。」
Confucius replied, "There is government, when the prince is prince, and the minister is minister; when the father is father, and the son is son."
詩經·皇矣》:其德克明、克明克類、克長克
His virtue was highly intelligent; - Highly intelligent and of rare discrimination; Able to lead, able to rule, -
史記·晉世家》:十年,齊崔杼弒其莊公。
jūn ㄐㄩㄣ (5): 統治、治理。 To rule, to govern.
韓非子·五蠹》:魯哀公,下主也,南面國,境內之民莫敢不臣。
管子·權修》:有地不務本事,國不能壹民,而求宗廟社稷之無危,不可得也。

君子
jūnzǐ ㄐㄩㄣㄗˇ (1): 古代統治者以及一般貴族的通稱。 General term for members of the ruling classes.
孟子·滕文公上》:君子之德,風也。
The relation between superiors and inferiors is like that between the wind and grass.
詩經·關雎》:窈窕淑女、君子好逑。
The modest, retiring, virtuous, young lady: For our prince a good mate she.
春秋左傳》:詩云:君子屢盟,亂是用長,無信也。
jūnzǐ ㄐㄩㄣㄗˇ (2): 有道德的人。 A moral man.
墨子·親士》:是故君子自難而易彼,眾人自易而難彼,君子進不敗其志,內究其情,雖雜庸民,終無怨心,彼有自信者也。
Therefore the superior man is strict with one's self but lenient with others (in matters of conduct) while the multitude are lenient with themselves but strict with others. The superior man carries out his ambitions successfully in action and studies the situation when he is at leisure. Even when he is taken as a mediocre individual he feels no dissatisfaction. This is because he has self-confidence.
論語·學而》:人不知而不慍,不亦君子乎?
Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?
孟子·梁惠王上》:君子之於禽獸也,見其生,不忍見其死。
So is the superior man affected towards animals, that, having seen them alive, he cannot bear to see them die.
莊子·大宗師》:利害不通,非君子也。
He to whom profit and injury are not the same is not a superior man.
禮記·曲禮上》:是以君子恭敬撙節退讓以明禮。
Therefore the superior man is respectful and reverent, assiduous in his duties and not going beyond them, retiring and yielding - thus illustrating (the principle of) propriety.
道德經》:君子居則貴左,用兵則貴右。
The superior man ordinarily considers the left hand the most honourable place, but in time of war the right hand.
jūnzǐ ㄐㄩㄣㄗˇ (3): 妻稱夫,或青年女子稱男戀人。 Term of address for a wife to a husband, or a young lady to her lover.
詩經·汝墳》:既見君子、不我遐棄。
I have seen my lord; He has not cast me away.
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