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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+55AA

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛

簡體字
𡂤
同義字
𡂧
同義字
𡚏
同義字
𡴧
同義字
𦦦
同義字

部首:+ 9筆 = 共12筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁180第31 頁428第35 康熙字典: 頁200第12 辭海: 卷2頁8650第2 GSR: 第705.a 漢語大字典: 卷1頁0650第03
表面結構:Component of: 𣾓 𦅇 𫟣 𬦟 𩦌 𫛑
國語發音:sāng sàng ㄙㄤ ㄙㄤˋ
粵語發音:song1 song3
唐代發音:*sɑ̀ng
說文解字:哭部》喪:亾也。从哭从亾。會意。亾亦聲。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·下平聲··》𠸶:亡也,死𠸶也,又姓楚大夫𠸶左。又息浪切。
廣韻·下平聲··》喪:上同。
廣韻·去聲··》喪:亡也,蘇浪切。又音桑。二。
康熙字典:康熙字典·口部·》喪:〔古文〕𡂤𡴧𡂧𦦦𡚏《廣韻》《正韻》蘇浪切《集韻》《韻會》四浪切,𠀤桑去聲。《玉篇》亡也。又《正韻》失位也。《論語》二三子何患於喪乎。《註》喪,失位也。《左傳·昭二十四年》昭公曰:喪人不佞。又《廣韻》息郞切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》蘇郎切,𠀤音桑。《正韻》持服曰喪。《禮·檀弓》故孔氏之不喪出母,自子思始也。《又》子夏喪其子,而喪其明。《釋文》上喪字平聲,下喪字去聲。又《廣韻》喪,器也,今謂之柩。《禮·曲禮》送喪不踰境。又姓。《廣韻》楚大夫喪左。《說文》本作𠸶。《廣韻》亦作𠷔。
反切:息浪 (《四書章句集注·孟子集注·萬章章句下》) 息郎 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 蘇浪 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
英文翻譯:mourning; mourn; funeral

CTP Dictionary


sàng ㄙㄤˋ (1): 失去。 Lose, cease to have.
論語·子路》:曰:「一言而邦,有諸?」
The duke then said, "Is there a single sentence which can ruin a country?"
孟子·梁惠王上》:西地於秦七百里。
On the west we have lost seven hundred li of territory to Qin.
禮記·檀弓上》:子夏喪其子而其明
When Zi-xia was mourning for his son, he lost his eyesight.
sàng ㄙㄤˋ (2): 死亡。 Die.
春秋左傳》:公如齊奔
sàng ㄙㄤˋ (3): 滅亡,失敗。 Destroy, lose.
墨子·公孟》:子墨子謂程子曰:「儒之道足以天下者,四政焉。」
Mozi said to Chengzi: In the teaching of the Confucianists there are four principles sufficient to ruin the empire:
尚書·伊訓》:惟茲三風十愆,卿士有一于身,家必
Now if a high noble or officer be addicted to one of these three fashions with their ten evil ways, his family will surely come to ruin.
呂氏春秋·長攻》:夫吳之與越,接土鄰境,道易人通,仇讎敵戰之國也,非吳越,越必吳。
sāng ㄙㄤ (4): 喪禮,喪事。 Funeral rites, mourning.
墨子·節用中》:死者既葬,生者毋久用哀。
When the dead is buried the living shall not mourn too long.
論語·陽貨》:宰我問:「三年之,期已久矣。」
'Zai Wo asked about the three years' mourning for parents, saying that one year was long enough.
孟子·滕文公上》:然友反命,定為三年之
'Ran You reported the execution of his commission, and the prince determined that the three years' mourning should be observed.
史記·五帝本紀》:堯崩,三年之畢,舜讓辟丹朱於南河之南。
'After the death of Yao, when the three years' mourning was over, Shun gave way to Danzhu, and retired to the south of the southern river.
禮記·檀弓上》:公儀仲子之,檀弓免焉。
At the mourning rites for Gong-yi Zhong-zi, Tan Gong (was there), wearing the mourning cincture for the head.
淮南子·本經訓》:夫三年之,非強而致之,聽樂不樂,食旨不甘,思慕之心,未能絕也。
sāng ㄙㄤ (5): 沮喪。 Dismayed, dispirited.
禮記·檀弓上》:事親有隱而無犯,左右就養無方,服勤至死,致三年
'In serving his father, (a son) should conceal (his faults), and not openly or strongly remonstrate with him about them; should in every possible way wait on and nourish him, without being tied to definite rules; should serve him laboriously till his death, and then complete the mourning for him for three' years.
商君書·更法》:狂夫之樂,賢者焉。
The joy of a madman is the sorrow of a man of talent.
sāng ㄙㄤ (6): 死者的遺體,靈柩。 Remains, body in a coffin.
史記》:軍法,父子俱從軍,有死事,得與歸。

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