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Discussion -> Textual issues -> 论语·学而13 注疏中「巽在牀下」何谓也?

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2016-12-20 01:53:51论语·学而13 注疏中「巽在牀下」何谓也?
Posted by: kennies (隋唐逝)巽卦中九二:「巽在床下,用史巫纷若,无咎。」这里是说,病人伏在床下,怕室内有鬼魅,用史巫禳灾驱鬼,病就好了。
巽卦中上九:「巽在床下,丧其资斧,贞,凶。」这里是说:病人伏在床下,失其钱币;当是盗贼入室,病人畏匿床下,幸免于难;但钱被抢走,仍算倒霉。
巽卦是一个讲精神状态的专卦。九二和上九,都提到病人伏在床下,一则请史巫驱思治病,不能自存;一则被盗贼抢走钱财,不能自卫。这些都说明性情巽懦的人,生存能力差。
巽的本意是二人跪于地上,表示顺伏。「巽在床下」表示训伏在床下,爬跪畏宿在床下。周朝那个时代呢,「床」不是给正常人晚上睡觉用的。「床」是病人的卧具。高亨说:「周人室中无床,地上铺床,坐卧其上,有病而后设床。」史、巫,都是从事驱鬼禳灾怯病的人。巽卦九二写某人性情软弱怕鬼成病,于是只能找史巫驱鬼治病;上九写某人胆小怕强盗,躲起来虽能逃过一劫,但钱财还是被洗劫了!所以《周易》作者是坚决反对这种性情软弱、一味顺服的人的,而赞赏「君子自强不息。」
见「百度知道」https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/329369253.html



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