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Chinese Text Project

《樂志》

Library Resources
1 樂志:
漢樂四品:一曰大予樂,典郊廟、上陵殿諸食舉之樂。郊樂,易所謂「先王以作樂崇德,殷薦上帝」,周官「若樂六變,則天神皆降,可得而禮也」。宗廟樂,虞書所謂「琴瑟以詠,祖考來假」,詩云「肅雍和鳴,先祖是聽」。食舉樂,王制謂「天子食舉以樂」,周官「王大食則令奏鍾鼓」。二曰周頌雅樂,典辟雍、饗射、六宗、社稷之樂。辟雍、饗射,孝經所謂「移風易俗,莫善於樂」,禮記曰「揖讓而治天下者,禮樂之謂也」。社稷,詩所謂「琴瑟擊鼓,以御田祖」者也。禮記曰「夫樂施於金石,越於聲音,用乎宗廟、社稷,事乎山川、鬼神」,此之謂也。三曰黃門鼓吹,天子所以宴樂群臣,詩所謂「坎坎鼓我,蹲蹲舞我」者也。其短簫鐃歌,軍樂也。其傳曰黃帝岐伯所作,以建威揚德,風勸士也。蓋周官所謂「王師大獻則令凱樂,軍大獻則令凱歌」也。孝章皇帝親著歌詩四章,列在食舉,又制雲臺十二門詩,各以其月祀而奏之。熹平四年正月中,出雲臺十二門新詩,下大予樂官習誦,被聲,與舊詩並行者,皆當撰錄,以成樂志。

URN: ctp:dong-guan-han-ji/le-zhi