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Chinese Text Project

《琴》

Library Resources
1 琴:
謹按:《世本》:「神農作琴。」《尚書》:「舜彈五絃之琴,歌《南風》之詩,而天下治。」《詩》云:「我有嘉賓,鼓瑟鼓琴。」雅琴者、樂之統也,與八音並行。然君子所常御者,琴最親密,不離於身,非必陳設於宗廟鄉黨,非若鐘鼓羅列於虡懸也。雖在窮閻陋巷、深山幽谷,猶不失琴。以為琴之大小得中而聲音和,大聲不譁人而流漫,小聲不湮滅而不聞,適足以和人意氣,感人善心。故琴之為言禁也,雅之為言正也,言君子守正以自禁也。夫以正雅之聲,動感正意,故善心勝、邪惡禁。是以古之聖人君子,慎所以自感,因邪禁之適,故近之。間居則為從容以致思焉,如有所窮困,其道閉塞,不得施行,及有所通達而用事,則著之於琴,以杼其意,以示後人。其道行和樂而作者,命其曲曰《暢》。《暢》者、言其道之美暢,猶不敢自安,不驕不溢,好禮不以,暢其意也。其遇閉塞,憂愁而作者,命其曲曰《操》。《操》者、言遇菑遭害,困厄窮迫,雖怨恨失意,猶守禮義,不懼不懾,樂道而不失其操者也。伯子牙方鼓琴,鍾子期聽之,而意在高山,子期曰:「善哉乎!巍巍若太山。」頃之間而意在流水,鍾子又曰:「善哉乎!湯湯若江、河。」子期死,伯牙破琴絕絃,終身不復鼓,以為世無足為音者也。今琴長四尺五寸,法四時五行也。七絃者、法七星也。

URN: ctp:fengsutongyi/sheng-yin/qin