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Chinese Text Project

《論德》

Library Resources
1 論德:
上德不德,上德,謂太古無名號之君,德大無上,故言上德也。不德者,言其不以德教民,因循自然,養人性命,其德不見,故言不德也。是以有德。言其德合於天地,和氣流行,民德以全也。下德不失德,下德,謂號謚之君,德不及上德,故言下德也。不失德者,其德可見,其功可稱也。是以無德。以有名號及其身故。上德無為謂法道安靜,無所施為也。而無以為,言無以名號為也。下德為之言為教令,施政事也。而有以為。言以為己取名號也上仁為之上仁謂行仁之君,其仁無上,故言上仁。為之者,為人恩也。而無以為,功成事立,無以執為。上義為之為義以斷割也。而有以為。動作以為己,殺人以成威,賊下以自奉也。上禮為之謂上禮之君,其禮無上,故言上禮。為之者,言為禮制度,序威儀也。而莫之應,言禮華盛實衰,飾偽煩多,動則離道,不可應也。則攘臂而扔之。言禮煩多不可應,上下忿爭,故攘臂相仍引。故失道而後德,言道衰而德化生也。失德而後仁,言德衰而仁愛見也。失仁而後義,言仁衰而分義明也。失義而後禮。言義衰則失禮聘,行玉帛也。夫禮者,忠信之薄言禮廢本治末,忠信日以衰薄。而亂之首。禮者賤質而貴文,故正直日以少,邪亂日以生。前識者,道之華不知而言知為前識,此人失道之時,得道之華。而愚之始。言前識之人,愚闇之倡始也。是以大丈夫處其厚,大丈夫謂得道之君也。處其厚者,謂處身於敦樸。不居其薄,不處身違道,為世煩亂也。處其實,處忠信也。不居其華。不尚華言也。故去彼取此。去彼華薄,取此厚實。

URN: ctp:heshanggong/38