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Chinese Text Project

《制惑》

Library Resources
1 制惑:
民不畏死,治國者刑罰酷深,民不聊生,故不畏死也。治身者嗜欲傷神,貪財殺身,民不知畏之也。奈何以死懼之?人君不寬刑罰,教民去情欲,奈何設刑法以死懼之?若使民常畏死,當除己之所殘剋,教民去利欲也。而為奇者,吾得執而殺之。孰敢?以道教化而民不從,反為奇巧,乃應王法執而殺之,誰敢有犯者?老子疾時王不先道德化之,而先刑罰也。常有司殺者。司殺者,謂天居高臨下,司察人過。天網恢恢,疏而不失也。夫代司殺者,是謂代大匠斲。天道至明,司殺有常,猶春生夏長,秋收冬藏,斗杓運移,以節度行之。人君欲代殺之,是猶拙夫代大匠斲木,勞而無功也。夫代大匠斲者,希有不傷手矣。人君行刑罰,猶拙夫代大匠斲,則方圓不得其理,還自傷。代天殺者,失紀綱,不得其紀綱還受其殃也。

URN: ctp:heshanggong/74