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Chinese Text Project

《楚平伯嬴》

Library Resources
1 楚平伯嬴:
伯嬴者,秦穆公之女,楚平王之夫人,昭王之母也。當昭王時,楚與吳為伯莒之戰。吳勝楚,遂入至郢。昭王亡,吳王闔閭盡妻其後宮。次至伯嬴,伯嬴持刃曰:「妾聞:天子者,天下之表也。公侯者,一國之儀也。天子失制則天下亂,諸侯失節則其國危。夫婦之道,固人倫之始,王教之端。是以明王之制,使男女不親授,坐不同席,食不共器,殊椸枷,異巾櫛,所以施之也。若諸侯外淫者絕,卿大夫外淫者放,士庶人外淫者宮割。夫然者,以為仁失可復以義,義失可復以禮。男女之喪,亂亡興焉。夫造亂亡之端,公侯之所絕,天子之所誅也。今君王棄儀表之行,縱亂亡之欲,犯誅絕之事,何以行令訓民!且妾聞,生而辱,不若死而榮。若使君王棄其儀表,則無以臨國。妾有淫端,則無以生世。壹舉而兩辱,妾以死守之,不敢承命。且凡所欲妾者,為樂也。近妾而死,何樂之有?如先殺妾,又何益於君王?」於是吳王慚,遂退舍。伯嬴與其保阿閉永巷之門,皆不釋兵。三旬,秦救至,昭王乃復矣。君子謂伯嬴勇而精壹。《》曰:「莫莫葛纍,施于條枚,豈弟君子,求福不回。」此之謂也。

2 楚平伯嬴:
頌曰:闔閭勝楚,入厥宮室,盡妻後宮,莫不戰慄,伯嬴自守,堅固專一,君子美之,以為有節。

《文選樓叢書》本《新刊古列女傳》
《文選樓叢書》本《新刊古列女傳》
URN: ctp:lie-nv-zhuan/chu-ping-bo-ying