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Chinese Text Project

《本典解》

Library Resources
1 本典解:
維四月既生魄,王在東宮,告周公曰:「嗚呼!朕聞武考,不知乃問,不得乃學,俾資不肖,永無惑矣。今朕不知明德所則,政教所行,字民之道,禮樂所生,非不念念而不知,敬問伯父。」周公再拜稽首,曰:「臣聞之文考,能求士者智也,與民利者仁也,能收民獄者義也,能督民過者德也,為民犯難者武也。智能親智,仁能親仁,義能親義,德能親德,武能親武,五者昌于國曰明。明能見物,高能致物,物備咸至曰帝。帝鄉在地曰本,本生萬物曰世,世可則效曰至,至德照天,百姓□驚。備有好醜,民無不戒,顯父登德,德降則信,信則民寧,為畏為極,民無淫慝。生民知常利之道,則國彊,序明好醜必先固其務。均分以利之,則民安,利用以資之,則民樂,明德以師之,則民讓。生之樂之,則母之禮也,政之教之,遂以成之,則父之禮也。父母之禮,以加于民,其慈□□,古之聖王,樂體其政,士有九等,皆得其宜,曰材多。人有八政,皆得其則,曰禮服。士樂其生而務其宜,是故奏鼓以章樂,奏舞以觀禮,奏歌以觀和,禮樂既和,其上乃不危。」王拜曰:「允哉!幼愚敬守,以為本典。」

URN: ctp:lost-book-of-zhou/ben-dian