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Chinese Text Project

《大聚解》

Books referencing 《大聚解》 Library Resources
1 大聚解:
維武王勝殷,撫國綏民,乃觀于殷政,告周公旦曰:「嗚呼!殷政總總若風草,有所積,有所虛,和此如何?」周公曰:「聞之文考,來遠賓,廉近者,道別其陰陽之利,相土地之宜,水土之便,營邑制,命之曰大聚。先誘之以四郊,王親在之,賓大夫免列以選,赦刑以寬,復亡解辱,削赦輕重,皆有數,此謂行風。乃令縣鄙商旅曰:能來三室者,與之一室之群。闢關脩道,五里有郊,十里有井,二十里有舍。遠旅來至,關人易資,舍有委,市有五均,早莫如一,送行逆來,振之救窮,老弱疾病,孤子寡獨,惟政所先,民有欲畜,發令以國為邑,以邑為鄉,以鄉為閭,禍災相卹,資喪比服。五戶為伍,以首為長,十夫為什,以年為長,合閭立教,以威為長,合旅同親,以敬為長。飲食相約,興彈相庸,耦耕俱耘,男女有婚,墳墓相連,民乃有親。六畜有群,室屋既完,民乃歸之。鄉立巫醫,具百藥以備疾災,畜百草以備五味,立勤人以職孤,立正長以順幼,立職喪以卹死,立大葬以正同,立君子以脩禮樂,立小人以教用兵,立鄉射以習和容。春獵耕耘,以習遷行,教芧與樹藝,比長立職,與田疇皆通,立祭祀與歲穀登下厚薄,此謂德教。若其凶土陋民,賤食貴貨,是不知政。山林藪澤以因其利,工匠役工以攻其材,商賈趣市以合其用。外商資貴而來,貴物益賤,資貴物,出賤物,以通其器。夫然則關夷市平,財無鬱廢,商不乏資,百工不失其時,無愚不教,則無窮乏,此謂和德。若有不言,乃政其凶,陂溝道路,叢苴邱墳,不可樹穀者,樹以材木,春發枯槁,夏發葉榮,秋發實蔬,冬發薪烝,以匡窮困。揖其民力,相更為師,因其土宜,以為民資,則生無乏用,死無傳尸,此謂仁德。旦聞禹之禁,春三月山林不登斧,以成草木之長,夏三月川澤不入網罟,以成魚鱉之長。且以并農力,執成男女之功,夫然則土不失其宜,萬物不失其性,人不失其事,天不失其時,以成萬財。萬財既成,放以為人,天下利之而勿德,是謂大仁。淵深而魚鱉歸之,草木茂而鳥獸歸之,稱賢使能,官有材而士歸之,關市平商賈歸之,分地薄斂農民歸之,水性歸下,民性歸利,王若欲來天下民,先設其利而民自至,譬之若冬日之陽,夏日之陰,不召而民自來,此謂歸德。五德既明,民乃知常。」武王再拜曰:「嗚呼!允哉!天民側側,余知其極有宜。」乃召昆吾,冶而銘之金版,藏府而朔之。

URN: ctp:lost-book-of-zhou/da-ju