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Chinese Text Project

《史記解》

Library Resources
1 史記解:
維正月王在成周,昧爽召三公左史戎夫,曰:「今夕朕寤,遂事驚予,乃取遂事之要戒,俾戎夫主之,朔望以聞,信不行,義不立,則哲士淩君政禁而生亂,皮氏以亡。諂諛日近,方正日遠,則邪人專國政禁而生亂,華氏以亡。好貨財珍怪,則邪人進,邪人進,則賢良日蔽而遠,賞罰無位,隨財而行,夏后氏以亡。嚴兵而不仁者,其臣懾,其臣懾則不敢忠,不敢忠則民不親其吏,刑始於親,遠者寒心,殷商以亡。樂專於君者,權專於臣,權專於臣則刑專於民,君娛於樂,臣爭於權,民盡於刑,有虞氏以亡。奉孤以專命者,謀主必畏其威而疑其前事,挾德而責數日疏,位均而爭,平林以亡。大臣有錮職譁誅者危,昔者質沙三卿,朝而無禮,君怒而久拘之,譁而弗加,三卿謀變,質沙以亡。外內相閒,下撓其民,民無所附,三曲以亡。弱小在彊大之閒,存亡將由之,則無天命矣。不知命者死,有夏之方興也,扈氏弱而不恭,身死國亡。嬖子兩重者亡,昔者義渠氏有兩子,異母皆重,君疾,大臣分黨而爭,義渠以亡。功大不賞者危,昔平州之臣,功大而不賞,諂臣日貴,功臣日怒而生變,平州之君以走出。召遠不親者危,昔有林氏召離戎之君而朝之,至而不禮,留而弗親,離戎逃而去之,林氏誅之,天下叛林氏。昔者曲集之君,伐智而專事,彊力而不信其臣,忠良皆伏,愉州氏伐之,君孤而無使,曲集以亡。昔者有巢氏有亂臣而貴,任之以國,假之以權,擅國而主斷,君已而奪之,臣怒而生變,有巢以亡。斧小不勝柯者亡,昔有鄶君嗇儉,減爵損祿,群臣卑讓,上下不臨,後鄶小弱,禁罰不行,重氏伐之,鄶君以亡。久空重位者危,昔有共工自賢,自以無臣,久空大官,下官交亂,民無所附,唐氏伐之,共工以亡。犯難爭權疑者死,昔有林氏、上衡氏爭權,林氏再戰而勝,上衡氏偽義弗克,俱身死國亡。知能均而不親,並重事君者危,昔有南氏有二臣貴寵,力鈞勢敵,競進爭權,下爭朋黨,君弗能禁,南氏以分。昔有果氏好以新易故,故者疾怨,新故不和,內爭朋黨,陰事外權,有果氏以亡。爵重祿輕,比□不成者亡,昔有畢程氏,損祿增爵,群臣貌匱,比而戾民,畢程氏以亡。好變故易常者亡,昔陽氏之君,自伐而好變,事無故業,官無定位,民運於下,陽氏以亡。業形而愎者危,昔穀平之君,愎類無親,破國弗克,業形用國,外內相援,穀平以亡。武不止者亡,昔阪泉氏用兵無已,誅戰不休,并兼無親,文無所立,智士寒心,徙居至于獨鹿,諸侯叛之,阪泉以亡。很而無親者亡,昔者縣宗之君很而無聽,執事不從,宗職者疑發大事,群臣解體,國無立功,縣宗以亡。昔者玄都賢鬼道,廢人事天,謀臣不用,龜策是從,神巫用國,哲士在外,玄都以亡。文武不行者亡,昔者西夏性仁非兵,城郭不脩,武士無位,惠而好賞,財屈而無以賞,唐氏伐之,城郭不守,武士不用,西夏以亡。美女破國,昔者績陽彊力四征,重丘遺之美女,績陽之君悅之,熒惑不治,大臣爭權,遠近不相聽,國分為二。宮室破國,昔者有洛氏,宮室無常,池囿廣大,工功日進,以後更前,民不得休,農失其時,饑饉無食,成商伐之,有洛以亡。

URN: ctp:lost-book-of-zhou/shi-ji