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Chinese Text Project

《文傳解》

Books referencing 《文傳解》 Library Resources
1 文傳解:
文王受命之九年,時維莫春,在鄗,召太子發曰:「嗚呼!我身老矣!吾語汝,我所保與我所守,傳之子孫。吾厚德而廣惠,忠信而志愛。人君之行,不為驕侈,不為泰靡,不淫于美,括柱茅茨,為民愛費。山林非時不升斤斧,以成草木之長川;澤非時不入網罟,以成魚鱉之長;不卵不䠣,以成鳥獸之長;畋獵唯時,不殺童羊,不天胎童牛,不服童馬,不馳不騖澤,不行害,土不失其宜,萬物不失其性,天下不失其時。土可犯,材可蓄,潤溼不穀,樹之竹葦莞蒲,礫石不可穀,樹之葛木,以為絺綌,以為材用。故凡土地之閒者,聖人裁之,並為民利,是以魚鱉歸其淵,鳥獸歸其林,孤寡辛苦,咸賴其生,山林以遂其材,工匠以為其器,百物以平其利,商賈以通其貨,工不失其務,農不失其時,是謂和德。土多民少,非其土也;土少人多,非其人也。是故土多發政,以漕四方,四方流之,土少安帑而外其務,方輸。夏箴曰:中不容利,民乃外次。開望曰:土廣無守可襲伐,土狹無食可圍竭。二禍之來,不稱之災。天有四殃,水、旱、饑、荒,其至無時,非務積聚,何以備之?夏箴曰:小人無兼年之食,遇天饑,妻子非其有也;大夫無兼年之食,遇天饑,臣妾輿馬非其有也;國無兼年之食,遇天饑,百姓非其有也。戒之哉!弗思弗行,禍至無日矣。明開塞禁舍者,其取天下如化,不明開塞禁舍者,其失天下如化。人各修其學而尊其名,聖人制之,故諸橫生,盡以養從生,從生盡以養一丈夫。無殺天胎,無伐不成材,無墮四時,如此者十年。有十年之積者王,有五年之積者霸,無一年之積者亡,生十殺一者物十重,生一殺十者物頓空。十重者王,頓空者亡。兵強勝人,人強勝天,能制其有者,則能制人之有,不能制其有者,則人制之。令行禁止,王之始也。出一曰神明,出二曰分光,出三曰無適異,出四曰無適與,無適與者亡。」

URN: ctp:lost-book-of-zhou/wen-zhuan