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Chinese Text Project

《辯土》

Library Resources
辯土:
五曰──

1 辯土:
凡耕之道:必始於壚,為其寡澤而後枯;必厚其靹,為其唯厚而及;𩛊者𦷺之,堅者耕之,澤其䪏而後之;上田則被其處,下田則盡其汙。無與三盜任地:夫四序參發,大甽小畝,為青魚胠,苗若直獵,地竊之也;既種而無行,耕而不長,則苗相竊也;弗除則蕪,除之則虛,則草竊之也。故去此三盜者,而後粟可多也。

2 辯土:
所謂今之耕也,營而無獲者:其蚤者先時,晚者不及時,寒暑不節,稼乃多菑,實。其為畝也,高而危則澤奪,陂則埒,見風則𠎮,高培則拔,寒則雕,熱則脩,一時而五六死,故不能為來。不俱生而俱死,虛稼先死,眾盜乃竊。望之似有餘,就之則虛。農夫知其田之易也,不知其稼之疏而不適也;知其田之際也,不知其稼居地之虛也;不除則蕪,除之則虛,此事之傷也。故畮欲廣以平,甽欲小以清;下得陰,上得陽,然後咸生。

3 辯土:
稼欲生於塵,而殖於堅者。慎其種,勿使數,亦無使疏。於其施土,無使不足,亦無使有餘。熟有耰也,必務其培。其耰也植,植者其生也必先。其施土也均,均者其生也必堅。是以畮廣以平,則不喪本莖;生於地者,五分之以地。莖生有行,故遫長;弱不相害,故遫大。衡行必得,縱行必術。正其行,通其風,夬心中央,帥為泠風。苗,其弱也欲孤,其長也欲相與居,其熟也欲相扶。是故三以為族,乃多粟。

4 辯土:
凡禾之患,不俱生而俱死。是以先生者美米,後生者為秕。是故其耨也,長其兄而去其弟。樹肥無使扶疏,樹墝不欲專生而族居。肥而扶疏則多秕,墝而專居則多死。不知稼者:其耨也去其兄而養其弟,不收其粟而收其秕,上下不安,則禾多死,厚土則孽不通,薄土則蕃轓而不發。壚埴冥色,剛土柔種,免耕殺匿,使農事得。

URN: ctp:lv-shi-chun-qiu/bian-tu