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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

《决胜》

Library Resources
决胜:
四曰──

1 决胜:
夫兵有本干:必义,必智,必勇。义则敌孤独,敌孤独则上下虚,民解落;孤独则父兄怨,贤者诽,乱内作。智则知时化,知时化则知虚实盛衰之变,知先后远近纵舍之数。勇则能决断,能决断则能若雷电飘风暴雨,能若崩山破溃,别辨霣坠;若鸷鸟之击也,搏攫则殪,中木则碎。此以智得也。

2 决胜:
夫民无常勇,亦无常怯。有气则实,实则勇;无气则虚,虚则怯。怯勇虚实,其由甚微,不可不知。勇则战,怯则北。战而胜者,战其勇者也;战而北者,战其怯者也。怯勇无常,儵忽往来,而莫知其方,惟圣人独见其所由然。故商、周以兴,桀、纣以亡。巧拙之所以相过,以益民气与夺民气,以能斗众与不能斗众。军虽大,卒虽多,无益于胜。军大卒多而不能斗,众不若其寡也。夫众之为福也大,其为祸也亦大。譬之若渔深渊,其得鱼也大,其为害也亦大。善用兵者,诸边之内,莫不与斗,虽厮舆白徒,方数百里,皆来会战,势使之然也。幸也者,审于战期而有以羁诱之也。

3 决胜:
凡兵,贵其因也。因也者,因敌之险以为己固,因敌之谋以为己事。能审因而加胜,则不可穷矣。胜不可穷之谓神,神则能不可胜也。夫兵,贵不可胜。不可胜在己,可胜在彼。圣人必在己者,不必在彼者,故执不可胜之术以遇不胜之敌,若此则兵无失矣。凡兵之胜,敌之失也。胜失之兵,必隐必微,必积必抟。隐则胜阐矣,微则胜显矣,积则胜散矣,抟则胜离矣。诸搏攫柢噬之兽,其用齿角爪牙也,必托于卑微隐蔽,此所以成胜。

URN: ctp:lv-shi-chun-qiu/jue-sheng