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Chinese Text Project

《聽言》

Library Resources
聽言:
四曰──

1 聽言:
聽言不可不察。不察則善不善不分。善不善不分,亂莫大焉。三代分善不善,故王。今天下彌衰,聖王之道廢絕。世主多盛其歡樂,大其鐘鼓,侈其臺榭苑囿,以奪人財;輕用民死,以行其忿;老弱凍餒,夭膌壯狡,汔盡窮屈,加以死虜;攻無皋之國以索地,誅不辜之民以求利;而欲宗廟之安也,社稷之不危也,不亦難乎?今人曰:「某氏多貨,其室培濕,守狗死,其勢可穴也」,則必非之矣。曰:「某國饑,其城郭庳,其守具寡,可襲而篡之」,則不非之,乃不知類矣。《周書》曰:「往者不可及,來者不可待,賢明其世,謂之天子。」故當今之世,有能分善不善者,其王不難矣。善不善本於義,不於愛,愛利之為道大矣。夫流於海者,行之旬月,見似人者而喜矣。及其期年也,見其所嘗見物於中國者而喜矣。夫去人滋久,而思人滋深歟!亂世之民,其去聖王亦久矣。其願見之,日夜無間,故賢王秀士之欲憂黔首者,不可不務也。

2 聽言:
功先名,事先功,言先事。不知事惡能聽言?不知情惡能當言?其與人穀言也,其有辯乎?其無辯乎?造父始習於大豆,逢蒙始習於甘蠅,御大豆,射甘蠅,而不徙人以為性者也。不徙之,所以致遠追急也,所以除害禁暴也。凡人亦必有所習其心,然後能聽說。不習其心,習之於學問。不學而能聽說者,古今無有也。解在乎白圭之非惠子也,公孫龍之說燕昭王以偃兵及應空洛之遇也,孔穿之議公孫龍,翟翦之難惠子之法。此四士者之議,皆多故矣,不可不獨論。

URN: ctp:lv-shi-chun-qiu/ting-yan