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Chinese Text Project

《民雜》

Library Resources
1 民雜:
民雜處而各有所能,所能者不同,此民之情也。大君者,太上也,兼畜下者也。下之所能不同,而皆上之用也。是以大君因民之能為資,盡包而畜之,無能去取焉。是故不設一方以求於人,故所求者無不足也。大君不擇其下,故足。不擇其下,則易為下矣。易為下則莫不容,莫不容故多下,多下之謂太上。君臣之道,臣事事而君無事,君逸樂而臣任勞。臣盡智力以善其事,而君無與焉,仰成而巳。故事無不治,治之正道然也。人君自任,而務為善以先下,則是代下負任蒙勞也,臣反逸矣。故曰:君人者,好為善以先下,則下不敢與君爭為善以先君矣,皆私其所知以自覆掩,有過,則臣反責君,逆亂之道也。君之智,未必最賢於眾也,以未最賢而欲以善盡被下,則不贍矣。若使君之智最賢,以一君而盡贍下則勞,勞則有倦,倦則衰,衰則復反於不贍之道也。是以人君自任而躬事,則臣不事事,是君臣易位也,謂之倒逆,倒逆則亂矣。人君苟任臣而勿自躬,則臣皆事事矣。是君臣之順,治亂之分,不可不察也。

URN: ctp:shenzi/min-za