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Chinese Text Project

《知忠》

Library Resources
1 知忠:
亂世之中,亡國之臣,非獨無忠臣也;治國之中,顯君之臣,非獨能盡忠也。治國之人,忠不偏於其君;亂世之人,道不偏於其臣。然而治亂之世,同世有忠道之人。臣之欲忠者不絕世,而君未得寧其上,無遇比干、子胥之忠,而毀瘁主君於闇墨之中,遂染溺滅名而死。由是觀之。忠未足以救亂世,而適足以重非。何以識其然也?曰:父有良子而舜放瞽叟,桀有忠臣而過盈天下。然則孝子不生慈父之家,而忠臣不生聖君之下。故明主之使其臣也,忠不得過職,而職不得過官。是以過修於身,而下不敢以善驕矜。守職之吏,人務其治,而莫敢淫偷其事。官正以敬其業,和順以事其上,如此則至治已。亡國之君,非一人之罪也;治國之君,非一人之力也。將治亂,在乎賢使任職而不在於忠也。故智盈天下,澤及其君;忠盈天下,害及其國。故桀之所以亡,堯不能以為存。然而堯有不勝之善,而桀有運非之名,則得人與失人也。故廊廟之材,蓋非一木之枝也;粹白之裘,蓋非一狐之皮也;治亂安危,存亡榮辱之施,非一人之力也。

URN: ctp:shenzi/zhi-zhong