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《未逾年大丧不立庙议》

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1 未逾年大... :
后汉

2 未逾年大... :
后汉许慎五经异义曰:“未逾年之君立庙否?春秋公羊说云:‘未逾年,君有子则书葬立庙,无子则不书葬,恩无所录也。’左氏说云:‘臣之奉君,悉心尽恩,不得缘君父有子则为立庙,无子则废也。’或议曰,许君按:‘礼云“臣不殇君,子不殇父”。君无子而不为立庙,是背义弃礼,罪之大者也。’”郑玄驳云:“未逾年君者,鲁子般、子恶是也。皆不称公,书卒弗諡,不成于君也。庙者,当序于昭穆,不成于君,则何庙之立?凡无庙者,为坛祭之。近汉诸幼少之帝,尚皆不庙祭而祭于陵。云罪之重者,此何故不罪?殇者十九向下,未逾年之君,未必未冠,引殇欲以何明也?”蔡邕云:“见孝殇、孝冲、孝质皇帝,以幼弱在位未逾年,不列于庙,太尉、司徒分祀三陵,皆宗庙典制也。”

URN: ctp:n557151