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《舞佾议》

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1 舞佾议:

2 舞佾议:
宋文帝元嘉十三年,司徒彭城王义康于东府正会,依旧给伎。总章工冯大列:“相承给诸王伎十四种,其舞伎三十六人。”太常博士傅崇议以为:“未详此人数所由。唯杜氏注左传佾舞云,诸侯六六三十六人,以为非也。夫舞者所以节八音也,八音克谐,然后成乐,故乐必以八人为列,自天子至士,降杀以两,两者,减其二列耳。杜以为一列又减二人,至士止馀四人,岂复成乐?按服虔注左传云:‘天子八八,诸侯六八,大夫四八,士二八。’其议甚允。今诸王不复舞佾,其总章舞伎,即古之女乐也。殿庭八八,诸王则应六八。春秋、郑伯纳晋悼公女乐二八,晋以一八赐魏绛,此乐以八人为列之证也。若如议者,唯天子有八,则郑应纳晋二六,晋应赐绛一六也。自天子至士,其文物典章,尊卑差级,莫不以两。未有诸侯既降二列,又一列辄减二人,近降太半,非唯八音不具,于两义亦乖。”

URN: ctp:n560599