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《慕容氏》

Library Resources
1 慕容氏:
慕容氏,亦东胡之后,别部鲜卑也。晋史云:“有熊氏之苗裔,因山为号。”魏初渠帅有莫护跋,率诸部入居辽西,后从司马宣王讨公孙渊有功,拜率义王,始建国于棘城之北。今柳城郡之地。时燕代多冠步摇冠,护跋见而好之,乃敛发袭冠,诸部因呼之为“步摇”,其后音讹,遂为“慕容”焉。或云慕二仪之德,继三光之容,遂以慕容为氏。至孙涉归,魏封为鲜卑单于,迁居辽东,于是渐慕华夏之风矣。

2 慕容氏:
涉归有子二人,长曰吐谷浑,西迁河湟之闲;今安乡郡西平县地。次曰廆,有命世才略。晋太康十年,又迁于徒河之青山。今柳城郡界。廆以大棘城即帝颛顼之墟,元康四年乃移居之,教以农桑,法制同于中国。永嘉初,廆自称鲜卑大单于。因晋乱,招抚华夷,刑政修明,流亡归之甚众,乃立郡统之,冀州人为冀阳郡,荆河州人为成周郡,青州人为营丘郡,并州人为唐国郡。徵辟儒生,以为参佐,而奉晋室朝贡,臣礼不阙。

3 慕容氏:
至皝嗣,廆之子。雄毅多权略,日以强盛,遂自称燕王,遣使于东晋,请受朝命,许之。后迁都于柳城,俊、暐即其子孙也。其后国号燕,具晋史载记。

URN: ctp:n565243