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Chinese Text Project

《正交論》

Library Resources
1 正交論:
聞之前訓曰,君子以朋友講習而正人,無有淫朋。是以古之交者,其義敦以正,其誓信以固。逮夫周德既衰,頌聲既寢,《伐木》有鳥鳴之刺,《谷風》有棄予之怨。自此以降,彌以陵遲。或闕其始終,或彊其比周。是以搢紳患其然,而論者諄諄如也。疾淺薄而褱攜貳者有之,惡朋黨而絕交游者有之。其論交也,曰:「富貴則人爭趨之,貧賤則人爭去之。是以君子慎人所以交己,審己所以交人。富貴則無暴集之客,貧賤則無棄舊之賓矣。原其所以來,則知其所以去。見其所以始,則觀其所以終。彼貞士者,貧賤不待夫富貴,富貴不驕乎貧賤,故可貴也。」

2 正交論:
蓋朋友之道,有義則合,無義則離。善則久要不忘平生之言,惡則忠告善誨之,否則止,無自辱焉。故君子不為可棄之行,不患人之遺己也;信有可歸之德,不病人之遠己也。不幸或然,則躬自厚而薄責于人,怨其遠矣;求諸己而不求諸人,咎其稀矣。夫遠怨稀咎之機,咸在乎躬,莫之致也。子夏之門人問交于子張,而二子各有聞乎夫子,然則以交誨也,商也寬,故告之以拒人。師也褊,故訓之以容眾,各從其行而矯之,至于仲尼之正教,則汎愛眾而親仁。故非善不喜,非仁不親,交游以方,會友以文,可無貶也。穀梁赤曰:「心志既通,名譽不聞,友之罪也。」今將患其流而塞其源,病其末而刈其本。無乃未若擇其正而黜其邪與?與其彼農皆黍,而獨稷焉。夫黍亦神農之嘉穀,與稷竝為粢盛也。使交可廢則黍其愆矣。括二論而言之,則刺薄者博而洽,斷交者貞而孤。孤有《羔羊》之節,與其不獲已而矯時也,走將從夫孤焉。

URN: ctp:n648698