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Chinese Text Project

《服疑》

Library Resources
1 服疑:
衣服疑者,是謂爭先;澤厚疑者,是謂爭賞;權力疑者,是謂爭彊;等級無限,是謂爭尊。彼人者,近則冀幸,疑則比爭。是以等級分明,則下不得疑;權力絕尤,則臣無冀志。故天子之於其下也,加五等,已往則以為臣;臣之於下也,加五等,已往則以為僕。僕亦臣禮也。然稱僕不敢稱臣者,尊天子、避嫌疑也。

2 服疑:
制服之道,取至適至和以予民,至美至神進之帝。奇服文章,以等上下而差貴賤。是以高下異,則名號異,則權力異,則事勢異,則旗章異,則符瑞異,則禮寵異,則秩祿異,則冠履異,則衣帶異,則環佩異,則車馬異,則妻妾異,則澤厚異,則宮室異,則床席異,則器皿異,則飲食異,則祭祀異,則死喪異。故高則此品周高,下則此品周下。加人者品此臨之,埤人者品此承之。遷則品此者進,絀則品此者損。貴周豐,賤周謙,貴賤有級,服位有等,等級既設,各處其檢,人循其度,擅退則讓,上僭則誅。建法以習之,設官以牧之,是以天下見其服而知貴賤,望其章而知其勢。使人定其心,各著其目,故眾多而天下不眩,傳遠而天下識祗。卑尊已著,上下已分,則人倫法矣。於是主之與臣,若日之與星。臣不幾可以疑主,賤不幾可以冒貴。下不凌等,則上位尊;臣不踰級,則主位安;謹守倫紀,則亂無由生。

URN: ctp:xin-shu/fu-yi