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Chinese Text Project

《俗激》

Library Resources
1 俗激:
大臣之俗,特以牘書不報,小期會不答耳,以為大故,不可矣。天下之大指舉之,而激俗流失,世壞敗矣,因恬弗知怪,大故也。如刀筆之吏,務在筐箱,而不知大體,陛下又弗自憂,故如此哉。

2 俗激:
夫邪俗日長,民相然席於無廉醜,行義非循也,豈為人子背其父,為人臣因忠於君哉?豈為人弟欺其兄,為人下因信其上哉?陛下雖有權柄事業,將何寄之?管子曰:「四維:一曰禮,二曰義,三曰廉,四曰醜。四維不張,國迺滅亡。」使管子愚無識人也,則可;使管子而少知治體,則是豈不可為寒心?今世以侈靡相競,而上無制度,棄禮義,捐廉醜日甚,可謂月異而歲不同矣。逐利乎否耳,慮非顧行也。今其甚者,剄大父矣,賊大母矣,踝嫗矣,刺兄矣。盜者慮探柱下之金,掇寢戶之簾,攓兩廟之器,白晝大都之中,剽吏而奪之金。矯偽者出幾拾萬石粟,賦六百餘萬錢,乘傳而行諸侯,此其無行義之尤至者已。其餘猖蹶而趨之者,乃豕羊驅而往,是類管子謂四維不張者與,竊為陛下惜之。

3 俗激:
以臣之意,吏慮不動於耳目,以為是時適然耳。夫移風易俗,使天下移心而嚮道,類非俗吏之所能為也,陛下又不自憂,竊為陛下惜之。夫立君臣,等上下,使父子有禮,六親有紀,此非天之所為,人之所設也。夫人之所設,弗為不立,不植則僵,不循則壞。秦滅,四維不張,故君臣乖而相攘,上下亂僭而無差,父子六親殃僇而失其宜,姦人並起,萬民離畔,凡十三歲而社稷為墟。今四維猶未備也,故姦人冀幸,而眾下疑惑矣。豈如今定經制,令主主臣臣,上下有差,父子六親,各得其宜,姦人無所冀幸,群眾信上,而不疑惑哉。此業一定,世世常安,而後有所持循矣。若夫經制不定,是猶渡江河無維楫,中流而遇風波也,船必覆矣。悲夫!備不豫具之也,可不察乎!

URN: ctp:xin-shu/su-ji