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-> -> -> -> -> -> 晉叔向問齊國若何晏子對以齊德衰民歸田氏

《晉叔向問齊國若何晏子對以齊德衰民歸田氏》

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1 晉叔向問... :
晏子聘于晉,叔向從之宴,相與語。叔向曰:「齊其何如?」晏子對曰:「此季世也,吾弗知,齊其為田氏乎!」叔向曰:「何謂也?」

2 晉叔向問... :
晏子曰:「公棄其民,而歸于田氏。齊舊四量:豆、區、釜、鐘,四升為豆,各自其四,以登于釜,釜十則鐘。田氏三量,皆登一焉,鐘乃巨矣。以家量貸,以公量收之。山木如市,弗加于山,魚鹽蜃蛤,弗加於海。民參其力,二入于公,而衣食其一;公積朽蠹,而老少凍餒;國都之市,屨賤而踊貴;民人痛疾,或燠休之。昔者殷人誅殺不當,僇民無時,文王慈惠殷眾,收卹無主,是故天下歸之,無私與,維德之授。今公室驕暴,而田氏慈惠,其愛之如父母,而歸之如流水,無獲民,將焉避?箕伯、直柄、虞遂、伯戲,其相胡公大姬,已在齊矣。」

3 晉叔向問... :
叔向曰:「雖吾公室,亦季世也。戎馬不駕,卿無軍行,公乘無人,卒列無長;庶民罷獘,宮室滋侈,道殣相望,而女富溢尤;民聞公命,如逃寇讎;欒卻、胥原、孤續、慶伯,降在皁隸;政在家門,民無所依,而君日不悛,以樂慆憂;公室之卑,其何日之有!讒鼎之銘曰:『昧旦丕顯,後世猶怠』,況日不悛,其能久乎!」

4 晉叔向問... :
晏子曰:「然則子將若何?」

5 晉叔向問... :
叔向曰:「人事畢矣,待天而已矣!晉之公族盡矣。肸聞之,公室將卑,其宗族枝葉先落,則公從之。肸之宗十一族,維羊舌氏在而已,肸又無子,公室無度,幸而得死,豈其獲祀焉。」

URN: ctp:yanzi-chun-qiu/jin-shu-xiang-wen-qi-guo