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-> -> -> -> -> 景公謂梁丘據與己和晏子諫

《景公謂梁丘據與己和晏子諫》

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1 景公謂梁... :
景公至自畋,晏子侍于遄臺,梁丘據造焉。公曰:「維據與我和夫!」晏子對曰:「據亦同也,焉得為和。」公曰:「和與同異乎?」

2 景公謂梁... :
對曰:「異。和如羹焉,水火醯醢鹽梅,以烹魚肉,燀之以薪,宰夫和之,齊之以味,濟其不及;以洩其過,君子食之,以平其心。君臣亦然。君所謂可,而有否焉,臣獻其否,以成其可;君所謂否,而有可焉,臣獻其可,以去其否。是以政平而不干,民無爭心。故《》曰:『亦有和羹,既戒且平;奏鬷無言,時靡有爭。』先王之濟五味,和五聲也,以平其心,成其政也。聲亦如味:一氣,二體,三類,四物,五聲,六律,七音,八風,九歌,以相成也;清濁,大小,短長,疾徐,哀樂,剛柔,遲速,高下,出入,周流,以相濟也。君子聽之,以平其心,心平德和。故《》曰:『德音不瑕。』今據不然,君所謂可,據亦曰可;君所謂否,據亦曰否。若以水濟水,誰能食之?若琴瑟之專一,誰能聽之?同之不可也如是。」公曰:「善。」

URN: ctp:yanzi-chun-qiu/jing-gong-wei-liang-qiu-ju