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《景公欲使楚巫致五帝以明德晏子諫》

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1 景公欲使... :
楚巫微導裔款以見景公,侍坐三日,景公說之。楚巫曰:「公,明神之主,帝王之君也。公即位有七年矣,事未大濟者,明神未至也。請致五帝,以明君德。」景公再拜稽首。楚巫曰:「請巡國郊以觀帝位。」至于牛山而不敢登,曰:「五帝之位,在于國南,請齋而後登之。」公命百官供齋具于楚巫之所,裔款視事。晏子聞之而見于公曰:「公令楚巫齋牛山乎?」公曰:「然。致五帝以明寡人之德,神將降福于寡人,其有所濟乎?」晏子曰:「君之言過矣!古之王者,德厚足以安世,行廣足以容眾,諸侯戴之,以為君長,百姓歸之,以為父母。是故天地四時和而不失,星辰日月順而不亂,德厚行廣,配天象時,然後為帝王之君,明神之主。古者不慢行而繁祭,不輕身而恃巫。今政亂而行僻,而求五帝之明德也?棄賢而用巫,而求帝王之在身也?夫民不苟德,福不苟降,君之帝王,不亦難乎!惜乎!君位之高,所論之卑也。」公曰:「裔款以楚巫命寡人曰:『試嘗見而觀焉。』寡人見而說之,信其道,行其言。今夫子譏之,請逐楚巫而拘裔款。」晏子曰:「楚巫不可出。」公曰:「何故?」對曰:「楚巫出,諸侯必或受之。公信之,以過于內,不知;出以易諸侯于外,不仁。請東楚巫而拘裔款。」公曰:「諾。」故曰:送楚巫于東,而拘裔款于國也。

URN: ctp:yanzi-chun-qiu/jing-gong-yu-shi-chu-wu