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《招安》

Library Resources
1 招安:
郁离子曰:“劝天下之作乱者,其招安之说乎。非士师而杀人,谓之贼;非其财而取诸人,谓之盗。盗贼之诛,于法无宥。秦以苛政罔民,汉王入关尽除之,而约三章焉:杀人、伤人及盗而已。秦民果大悦归汉,汉卒有天下。繇是观之,岂非他禁可除,而惟此三者不可除乎?天生民不能自治,于是乎立之君,付之以生杀之权,使之禁暴诛乱,抑顽恶而扶弱善也。暴不禁,乱不诛,顽恶者不抑,善者日弱以消,愚者化而从之,亦已甚矣;而又崇之以爵禄,华之以宠命,假之以大权,使无辜之民不可与共戴天者,释其雠而服事焉,是诚何道哉!遂使天下之义士丧气,勇士裂眦,贪夫悍客攘臂慕效,以要利禄,故曰劝天下之作乱者,招安之说。而世主弗寤也,悲夫!”或曰:“然则舞乾羽而苗格,非与?”曰:“甚哉!俗儒之梏于文以误天下也。《舜典》曰:‘窜三苗于三危。’又曰:‘分北三苗。’夫窜与分北,皆非抚纳降附之词也,则岂因其来格而遂为之哉?非人情也。圣人岂为之?必也以兵临之,而后分北。其来格者安之,顽不悛者窜之耳。又况乾羽,非特文舞,则非曰诞敷文德,而遂弛其伐苗之谋,明矣。《臯陶》曰:‘苗顽弗即工,帝念哉,念兹在兹。’则有虞之君臣,不顷刻而忘苗,可想而见,岂若后世衰微偷情之君臣,以姑息为幸,而以劝贤之爵禄,劝天下之大憝哉!”

URN: ctp:yulizi/zhaoan