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-> -> -> -> -> 司馬錯與張儀爭論於秦惠王前

《司馬錯與張儀爭論於秦惠王前》

Library Resources
1 司馬錯與... :
司馬錯與張儀爭論於秦惠王前。司馬錯欲伐蜀,張儀曰:「不如伐韓。」王曰:「請聞其說。」對曰:「親魏善楚,下兵三川,塞轘轅、緱氏之口,當屯留之道,魏絕南陽,楚臨南鄭,秦攻新城、宜陽,以臨二周之郊,誅周主之罪,侵楚、魏之地。周自知不救,九鼎寶器必出。據九鼎,安圖籍,挾天子以令天下,天下莫敢不聽,此王業也。今夫蜀,西辟之國,而戎狄之長也,弊兵勞眾不足以成名,得其地不足以為利。臣聞:『爭名者於朝,爭利者於市。』今三川、周室,天下之市朝也。而翁不爭焉,顧爭於戎狄,去王業遠矣。」

2 司馬錯與... :
司馬錯曰:「不然,臣聞之,欲富國者,務廣其地;欲強兵者,務富其民;欲王者,務博其德。三資者備,而王隨之矣。今王之地小民貧,故臣願從事於易。夫蜀,西辟之國也,而戎狄之長,而有桀、紂之亂。以秦攻之,譬如使豺狼逐群羊也。取其地,足以廣國也;得其財,足以富民;繕兵不傷眾,而彼以服矣。故拔一國,而天下不以為暴;利盡西海,諸侯不以為貪。是我一舉而名實兩附,而又有禁暴正亂之名,今攻韓劫天子,劫天子,惡名也,而未必利也,又有不義之名,而攻天下之所不欲,危!臣請謁其故:周,天下之宗室也;齊,韓、周之與國也。周自知失九鼎,韓自知亡三川,則必將二所並力合謀,以因於齊、趙,而求解乎楚、魏。以鼎與楚,以地與魏,王不能禁。此臣所謂危,不如伐蜀之完也。」惠王曰:「善!寡人聽子。」

URN: ctp:zhan-guo-ce/si-ma-cuo-yu-zhang-yi