Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version
Search details:
Scope: Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: References "江海所以能为百谷王者,以其善下之" Matched:6.
Total 6 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

先秦两汉 - Pre-Qin and Han

Related resources

道家 - Daoism

Related resources

道德经 - Dao De Jing

[Warring States (475 BC - 221 BC)] English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《道德经》 Library Resources
Source
Related resources
[Also known as: 《老子》, "Tao Te Ching", "Laozi"]

66 道德经:
江海所以能为百谷王者,以其善下之,故能为百谷王。是以圣人欲上民,必以言下之;欲先民,必以身后之。是以圣人处上而民不重,处前而民不害。是以天下乐推而不厌。以其不争,故天下莫能与之争。
Dao De Jing:
(Putting one's self last)
That whereby the rivers and seas are able to receive the homage and tribute of all the valley streams, is their skill in being lower than they; - it is thus that they are the kings of them all. So it is that the sage (ruler), wishing to be above men, puts himself by his words below them, and, wishing to be before them, places his person behind them.
In this way though he has his place above them, men do not feel his weight, nor though he has his place before them, do they feel it an injury to them.
Therefore all in the world delight to exalt him and do not weary of him. Because he does not strive, no one finds it possible to strive with him.

老子河上公章句 - Heshanggong Laozi

Library Resources

德经

Library Resources

后己

Library Resources
1 后己:
江海所以能为百谷王者,以其善下之,故能为百谷王。江海以卑,故众流归之,若民归就王。以卑下,故能为百谷王也。是以欲上民,欲在民之上也。必以言下之;法江海处谦虚。欲先民,欲在民之前也。必以身后之。先人而后己也。是以圣人处上而民不重,圣人在民上为主,不以尊贵虐下,故民戴而不为重。处前而民不害。圣人在民前,不以光明蔽后,民亲之若父母,无有欲害之心也。是以天下乐推而不厌。圣人恩深爱厚,视民如赤子,故天下乐推进以为主,无有厌也。以其不争,天下无厌圣人时,是由圣人不与人争先后也。故天下莫能与之争。言人皆有为,无有与吾争无为。

出土文献 - Excavated texts

郭店 - Guodian

老子甲 - Laozi A

2 老子甲:
江海所以为百谷王,以其能为百谷下,是以能为百谷王。圣人之在民前也,以身后之;其在民上也,以言下之。其在民上也,民弗厚也;其在民前也,民弗害也。天下乐进而弗詀。以其不争也,故天下莫能与之争。

马王堆 - Mawangdui

老子甲 - Laozi A

老子甲德经

28 老子甲德... :
□海之所以能为百浴王者,以其善下之,是以能为百浴王。是以圣人之欲上民也,必以其言下之;其欲先□□必以其身后之。故居前而民弗害也,居上而民弗重也。天下乐隼而弗猒也,非以其无诤与?故□□□□□诤。

老子乙 - Laozi B

老子乙德经

29 老子乙德... :
江海所以能为百浴□□,□其□下之也,是以能为百浴王。是以圣人之欲上民也,必以其言下之;其欲先民也,必以其身后之。故居上而民弗重也,居前而民弗害。天下皆乐谁而弗猒也,不□其无争与?故天下莫能与争。

汉代之后 - Post-Han

宋明 - Song-Ming

太平御览

[Northern Song] 977-984 Library Resources

皇王部一

Library Resources

叙皇王上

Library Resources
37 叙皇王上:
《老子》曰:圣人处无为之事,行不言之教,万物作而不辞,生而不有,为而不恃,功成而不居。夫惟不居,是以不去。
又曰:不尚贤,使民不争;不贵难得之货,使民不为盗;不见可欲,使心不乱。是以圣人之治,虚其心,实其腹,弱其志,强其骨,常使民无知无欲。使夫知者不敢为也。无为,则无不治也。
又曰:道大、天大、地大,王亦大。域中有四大,而王居其一。
又曰:圣人无常心,以百姓心为心:善者,吾善之;不善者,吾亦善之,得善矣!信者,吾信之;不信者,吾亦信之,得信矣!圣人在,天下歙然。为天下浑其心,百姓皆注其耳目,圣人皆孩之。
又曰:圣人之言云:“我无为,而民自化;我无事,而民自富;我好静,而民自正;我无欲,而民自朴。”
又曰:圣人执左契而不责于人,故有德司契,无德司撤。圣人之心,与百姓心犹左右契耳。契来则和,故上下相亲,怨用不作,后世不能,执左契以应物,而守常辙以轨民,用此来和,必有馀怨矣。
又曰:江海所以能为百谷王者,以其善下之也。是以圣人欲上人也,必以其言下之;欲先人也,必以其身后之。故处上弗害,是以天下乐推而不厌也。

Total 6 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.