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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version
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Scope: Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: References "人之生也柔弱,其死也刚强" Matched:6.
Total 6 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

先秦两汉 - Pre-Qin and Han

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儒家 - Confucianism

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说苑 - Shuo Yuan

[Western Han (206 BC - 9)] Liu Xiang
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敬慎

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6 敬慎:
韩平子问于叔向曰:“刚与柔孰坚?”对曰:“臣年八十矣,齿再堕而舌尚存,老聃有言曰:‘天下之至柔,驰骋乎天下之至坚。’又曰:‘人之生也柔弱,其死也刚强;万物草木之生也柔脆,其死也枯槁。因此观之,柔弱者生之徒也,刚强者死之徒也。’夫生者毁而必复,死者破而愈亡;吾是以知柔之坚于刚也。”平子曰:“善哉!然则子之行何从?”叔向曰:“臣亦柔耳,何以刚为?”平子曰:“柔无乃?乎?”叔向曰:“柔者纽而不折,廉而不缺,何为?也?天之道,微者胜,是以两军相加而柔者克之;两仇争利,而弱者得焉。易曰:‘天道亏满而益谦,地道变满而流谦,鬼神害满而福谦,人道恶满而好谦。’夫怀谦不足之,柔弱而四道者助之,则安往而不得其志乎?”平子曰:“善!”

道家 - Daoism

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道德经 - Dao De Jing

[Warring States (475 BC - 221 BC)] English translation: James Legge [?]
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Source
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[Also known as: 《老子》, "Tao Te Ching", "Laozi"]

76 道德经:
人之生也柔弱,其死也坚强。万物草木之生也柔脆,其死也枯槁。故坚强者死之徒,柔弱者生之徒。是以兵强则不胜,木强则共。强大处下,柔弱处上。
Dao De Jing:
(A warning against (trusting in) strength)
Man at his birth is supple and weak; at his death, firm and strong. (So it is with) all things. Trees and plants, in their early growth, are soft and brittle; at their death, dry and withered.
Thus it is that firmness and strength are the concomitants of death; softness and weakness, the concomitants of life.
Hence he who (relies on) the strength of his forces does not conquer; and a tree which is strong will fill the out-stretched arms, (and thereby invites the feller.)
Therefore the place of what is firm and strong is below, and that of what is soft and weak is above.

老子河上公章句 - Heshanggong Laozi

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德经

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戒强

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1 戒强:
人之生也柔弱,人生含和气,抱精神。故柔弱也。其死也坚强。人死和气竭,精神亡,故坚强也。万物草木之生也柔脆,和气存也。其死也枯槁。和气去也。故坚强者死之徒,柔弱者生之徒。以上二事观之,知坚强者死,柔弱者生也。是以兵强则不胜,强大之兵轻战乐杀,毒流怨结,众弱为一强,故不胜。木强则共。本强大则枝叶共生其上。强大处下,柔弱处上。兴物造功,大木处下,小物处上。天道抑强扶弱,自然之效。

出土文献 - Excavated texts

马王堆 - Mawangdui

老子甲 - Laozi A

老子甲德经

40 老子甲德... :
人之生也柔弱,其死也恒仞贤强。万物草木之生也柔脆,其死也桔槁。故曰:坚强者死之徒也,柔弱微细,生之徒也。兵强则不胜,木强则恒。强大居下,柔弱微细居上。

老子乙 - Laozi B

老子乙德经

41 老子乙德... :
人之生也柔弱,其死也恒信坚强。万□□木之生也柔脆,其死也桔槁。故曰:坚强死之徒也,柔弱生之徒也。□以兵强则不朕,木强则兢。故强大居下,柔弱居上。

汉代之后 - Post-Han

宋明 - Song-Ming

太平御览

[Northern Song] 977-984 Library Resources

木部一

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木上

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20 木上:
《老子》曰:天下掷炅柔,驰骋天下掷炅刚。人之生也柔弱,其死也坚强;草木之生也柔脆,其死也枯槁。柔弱,生之徒;刚强,死之徒。合抱之树,生于毫末。

Total 6 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.