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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version
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Condition 1: References "天下有道,却走马以粪" Matched:14.
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先秦两汉 - Pre-Qin and Han

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道家 - Daoism

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道德经 - Dao De Jing

[Warring States (475 BC - 221 BC)] English translation: James Legge [?]
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[Also known as: 《老子》, "Tao Te Ching", "Laozi"]

46 道德经:
天下有道,却走马以粪。天下无道,戎马生于郊。祸莫大于不知足;咎莫大于欲得。故知足之足,常足矣。
Dao De Jing:
(The moderating of desire or ambition)
When the Dao prevails in the world, they send back their swift horses to (draw) the dung- carts. When the Dao is disregarded in the world, the war-horses breed in the border lands.
There is no guilt greater than to sanction ambition; no calamity greater than to be discontented with one's lot; no fault greater than the wish to be getting. Therefore the sufficiency of contentment is an enduring and unchanging sufficiency.

文子 - Wenzi

[Eastern Han - Jin] 212-231
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[Also known as: 《通玄真经》]

精诚

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3 精诚:
老子曰:夫人道者,全性保真,不亏其身,遭急迫难,精通乎天,若乃未始出其宗者,何为而不成,死生同域,不可胁凌,又况官天地,怀万物,返造化,含至和,而已未尝死者也。精诚形乎内,而外喻于人心,此不传之道也。圣人在上,怀道而不言,泽及万民,故不言之教,芒乎大哉!君臣乖心,倍谲见于天,神气相应,微矣,此谓不言之辩,不道之道也。夫召远者使无为焉,亲近者言无事焉,唯夜行者能有之,却走马以粪,车轨不接于远方之外,是谓坐驰陆沉。天道无私就也,无私去也,能者有馀,诎者不足,顺之者利,逆之者凶。是故以智为治者难以持国,唯同乎大和而持自然应者,为能有之。

老子河上公章句 - Heshanggong Laozi

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德经

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俭欲

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1 俭欲:
天下有道,谓人主有道也。却走马以粪,粪者,粪田也。兵甲不用,却走马治农田,治身者却阳精以粪其身。天下无道,谓人主无道也。戎马生于郊。战伐不止,戎马生于郊境之上,久不还也。罪莫大于可欲。好淫色也。祸莫大于不知足,富贵不能自禁止也。咎莫大于欲得。欲得人物,利且贪也。故知足之足,守真根也。常足。无欲心也。

法家 - Legalism

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韩非子 - Hanfeizi

[Warring States (475 BC - 221 BC)]
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[Also known as: 《韩非》, 《韩子》]

解老

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20 解老:
有道之君,外无怨雠于邻敌,而内有德泽于人民。夫外无怨雠于邻敌者,其遇诸侯也外有礼义。内有德泽于人民者,其治人事也务本。遇诸侯有礼义则役希起,治民事务本则淫奢止。凡马之所以大用者,外供甲兵,而内给淫奢也。今有道之君,外希用甲兵,而内禁淫奢。上不事马于战斗逐北,而民不以马远淫通物,所积力唯田畴,积力于田畴必且粪灌,故曰:“天下有道,却走马以粪也。

喻老

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1 喻老:
天下有道无急患则曰静,遽传不用,故曰:“却走马以粪。”天下无道,攻击不休,相守数年不已,甲胄生虮虱,燕雀处帷幄,而兵不归,故曰:“戎马生于郊。”

杂家 - Miscellaneous Schools

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淮南子 - Huainanzi

[Western Han (206 BC - 9)]
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[Also known as: 《淮南》, 《鸿烈》]

览冥训

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3 览冥训:
夫阳燧取火于日,方诸取露于月,天地之间,巧历不能举其数,手徵忽恍,不能览其光。然以掌握之中,引类于太极之上,而水火可立致者,阴阳同气相动也。此傅说之所以骑辰尾也。故至阴飂飂,至阳赫赫,两者交接成和,而万物生焉。众雄而无雌,又何化之所能造乎?所谓不言之辩,不道之道也。故召远者使无为焉,亲近者使无事焉,惟夜行者为能有之。故却走马以粪,而车轨不接于远方之外,是谓坐驰陆沈,昼冥宵明,以冬铄胶,以夏造冰。夫道者,无私就也,无私去也。能者有馀,拙者不足,顺之者利,逆之者凶。譬如隋侯之珠,和氏之璧,得之者富,失之者贫,得失之度,深微窈冥,难以知论,不可以辩说也。何以知其然?今夫地黄主属骨,而甘草主生肉之药也,以其属骨,责其生肉,以其生肉,论其属骨,是犹王孙绰之欲倍偏枯之药,而欲以生殊死之人,亦可谓失论矣!

史书 - Histories

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盐铁论 - Yan Tie Lun

[Western Han] 81 BC-9 Huan Kuan
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卷三

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未通

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2 未通:
文学曰:“禹平水土,定九州,四方各以土地所生贡献,足以充宫室,供人主之欲,膏壤万里,山川之利,足以富百姓,不待蛮、貊之地,远方之物而用足。闻往者未伐胡、越之时,繇赋省而民富足,温衣饱食,藏新食陈,布帛充用,牛马成群。农夫以马耕载,而民莫不骑乘;当此之时,却走马以粪。其后,师旅数发,戎马不足,牸牝入阵,故驹犊生于战地。六畜不育于家,五谷不殖于野,民不足于糟糠,何橘柚之所厌?传曰:‘大军之后,累世不复。’方今郡国,田野有陇而不垦,城郭有宇而不实,边郡何饶之有乎?”

出土文献 - Excavated texts

马王堆 - Mawangdui

老子甲 - Laozi A

老子甲德经

8 老子甲德... :
天下有道,□走马以粪。天下无道,戎马生于郊。罪莫大于可欲;祸莫大于不知足。咎莫憯于欲得。□□□□□恒足矣。

老子乙 - Laozi B

老子乙德经

9 老子乙德... :
□□□道,却走马□粪。无道,戎马生于郊。罪莫大可欲祸□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□足矣。

汉代之后 - Post-Han

隋唐 - Sui-Tang

群书治要

[Tang] 631 Library Resources

卷三十四

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老子

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德经

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8 德经:
天下有道,谓人主有道也。却走马以粪,粪者,治田也。兵甲不用,却走马以治农田也。天下无道,谓人主无道也。戎马生于郊,战伐不止,戎马生于郊境之上,久不还也。罪莫大于可欲,好淫色也。祸莫大于不知足,富贵不能自禁止也。咎莫大于欲得,欲得人物,利且贪。故知足之足,常足矣。无欲心也。

Total 14 paragraphs. Page 1 of 2. Jump to page 1 2