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Chinese Text Project
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Scope: Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: References "夫唯無以生為者" Matched:7.
Total 7 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

先秦兩漢 - Pre-Qin and Han

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道家 - Daoism

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道德經 - Dao De Jing

[Warring States (475 BC - 221 BC)] English translation: James Legge [?]
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[Also known as: 《老子》, "Tao Te Ching", "Laozi"]

75 道德經:
民之飢,以其上食稅之多,是以飢。民之難治,以其上之有為,是以難治。民之輕死,以其求生之厚,是以輕死。夫唯無以生為者,是賢於貴生。
Dao De Jing:
(How greediness injures)
The people suffer from famine because of the multitude of taxes consumed by their superiors. It is through this that they suffer famine.
The people are difficult to govern because of the (excessive) agency of their superiors (in governing them). It is through this that they are difficult to govern.
The people make light of dying because of the greatness of their labours in seeking for the means of living. It is this which makes them think light of dying. Thus it is that to leave the subject of living altogether out of view is better than to set a high value on it.

文子 - Wenzi

[Eastern Han - Jin] 212-231
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[Also known as: 《通玄真經》]

九守

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2 九守:
老子曰:人受天地變化而生,一月而膏,二月血脈,三月而噠,四月而胎,五月而筋,六月而骨,七月而成形,八月而動,九月而躁,十月而生。形骸已成,五藏乃形,肝主目,腎主耳,脾主舌,肺主鼻,膽主口,外為表,中為裏,頭員法天,足方象地,天有四時、五行、九解、三百六十日,人有四支、五藏、九竅、三百六十節。天有風雨寒暑,人有取與喜怒,膽為雲,肺為氣,脾為風,腎為雨,肝為雷,人與天地相類,而心為之主。耳目者日月也,血氣者風雨也,日月失行,薄蝕無光,風雨非時,毀折生災,五星失行,州國受其殃。天地之道,至閎以大,尚由節其章光,愛其神明,人之耳目何能久燻而不息?精神何能馳騁而不乏?是故聖人守內而不失外。夫血氣者人之華也,五藏者人之精也,血氣專乎內而不外越,則胸腹充而嗜欲寡,嗜欲寡則耳目清而聽視聰達,聽視聰達謂之明。五藏能屬於心而無離,則氣意勝而行不僻,精神盛而氣不散,以聽無不聞,以視無不見,以為無不成,患禍無由入,哀氣不能襲,故所求多者所得少,所見大者所知小。夫孔竅者精神之戶牖,血氣者五藏之使候,故耳目淫於聲色,即五藏動搖而不定,血氣滔蕩而不休,精神馳騁而不守,禍福之至雖如丘山,無由識之矣,故聖人愛而不越。聖人誠使耳目精明玄達,無所誘慕,意氣無失清靜而少嗜欲,五藏便寧,精神內守形骸而不越,即觀乎往世之外,來事之內,禍福之間何足見也,故其出彌遠者,其知彌少。以言精神不可使外淫也,故五色亂目,使目不明,五音入耳,使耳不聰,五味亂口,使口生創,趣舍滑心,使行飛揚。故嗜欲使人氣淫,好憎使人精勞,不疾去之,則志氣日耗。夫人所以不能終其天年者,以生生之厚,夫唯無以生為者,即所以得長生,天地運而相通,萬物摠而為一,能知一即無一之不知也,不能知一即無一之能知也。吾處天下亦為一物,而物亦物也,物之與物,何以相物,欲生不可事也,憎死不可辭也,賤之不可憎也,貴之不可喜也,因其資而寧之,弗敢極弗敢極也,即至樂極也。

雜家 - Miscellaneous Schools

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淮南子 - Huainanzi

[Western Han (206 BC - 9)]
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[Also known as: 《淮南》, 《鴻烈》]

精神訓

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5 精神訓:
夫人之所以不能終其壽命,而中道夭于刑戮者,何也?以其生生之厚。夫惟能無以生為者,則所以修得生也。夫天地運而相通,萬物總而為一。能知一,則無一之不知也;不能知一,則無一之能知也。譬吾處於天下也,亦為一物矣,不識天下之以我備其物與?且惟無我而物無不備者乎?然則我亦物也,物亦物也,物之與物也,又何以相物也?雖然,其生我也,將以何益?其殺我也,將以何損?

道應訓

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48 道應訓:
昔孫叔敖三得令尹,無喜志;三去令尹,無憂色。延陵季子,吳人願一以為王而不肯;許由,讓天下而弗受;晏子與崔杼盟,臨死地不變其儀;此皆有所遠通也。精神通於死生,則物孰能惑之!荊有佽非,得寶劍於幹隊,還反度江,至於中流,陽侯之波,兩蛟挾繞其船,佽非謂枻船者曰:「嘗有如此而得活者乎?」對曰:「未嘗見也。」於是佽非瞑目,勃然攘臂拔劍曰:「武士可以仁義之禮說也,不可劫而奪也。此江中之腐肉朽骨,棄劍而已。余有奚愛焉!」赴江刺蛟,遂斷其頭,船中人盡活。風波畢除,荊爵為執圭。孔子聞之,曰:「夫善哉!腐肉朽骨棄劍者,佽非之謂乎!」故老子曰:「夫唯無以生為者,是賢於貴生焉。」

出土文獻 - Excavated texts

馬王堆 - Mawangdui

老子甲 - Laozi A

老子甲德經

39 老子甲德... :
人之飢也,以其取食稅之多也,是以飢。百姓之不治也,以其上有以為□,是以不治。民之巠死,以其求生之厚也,是以巠死。夫唯無以生為者,是賢貴生。

老子乙 - Laozi B

老子乙德經

40 老子乙德... :
人之飢也,以其取食稅之多,是以飢。百生之不治也,以其上之有以為也,□以不治。民之輕死也,以其求生之厚也,是以輕死。夫唯無以生為者,是賢貴生。

漢代之後 - Post-Han

隋唐 - Sui-Tang

群書治要

[Tang] 631 Library Resources

卷三十四

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老子

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德經

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27 德經:
民之飢,以其上食税之多,人民所以飢寒者,以其君上税食下太多。是以飢,民之難治,以其上之有為,人民不可治者,以其君上多欲,好有為。是以難治,其民化上有為,情僞難治也。人之輕死,以其求生之厚,人民所以輕犯死者,以其求生活之道太厚,貪利以自危也。是以輕死,以求生太厚之故,輕入死地。夫唯無以生為者,是賢於貴生也。夫唯獨無以生為務者,爵禄不干於意,財利不入於身,天子不得臣,諸侯不得使,則賢於貴生者也。

Total 7 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.