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Condition 1: References 文帝 : Same as 「漢孝文皇帝」: 姓名:劉恆,在位前180-前157。 Emperor Xiao Wen of Han (ruled 180 BC-157 BC) Matched:502.
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先秦兩漢 - Pre-Qin and Han

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儒家 - Confucianism

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揚子法言 - Yangzi Fayan

[Western Han - Xin] 33 BC-18 Yang Xiong
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[Also known as: 《揚雄法言》, 《楊子法言》, 《楊雄法言》, 《法言》]

重黎卷第十 - Zhong and Li

English translation: Jeffrey S. Bullock [?] Library Resources
22 重黎卷第... :
或問:「馮唐面文帝得廉頗、李牧不能用也,諒乎?」曰:「彼將有激也。親屈帝尊,信亞夫之軍,至頗、牧,曷不用哉?」「德?」曰:「罪不孥,宮不女,館不新,陵不墳。」
Zhong and Li:
Someone asked: Feng Tang met with Emperor Wen and told him that even if he had generals like Lian Po and Li Mu, he would not be able to use them. Was he not sincere?
Yangzi said: He was raising the issue to arouse Emperor Wen's attention. Personally yielding himself with the honor of being Emperor, Emperor Wen supported Yafu's command of the army. Why could he not have used Lian Po and Li Mu?
The other said: What about his de?
Yangzi said: He did not punish the children of criminals, keep women in the palace, build new rooms in the palace or erect a large tomb for himself.

潛夫論 - Qian Fu Lun

[Eastern Han] 102-167 Wang Fu
Books referencing 《潛夫論》 Library Resources

賢難

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4 賢難:
今世俗之人,自慢其親而憎人敬之,自簡其親而憎人愛之者不少也。豈獨品庶,賢材時有焉。鄧通幸於文帝,盡心而不違,吮癰而無恡色。帝病不樂,從容曰:「天下誰最愛朕者乎?」鄧通欲稱太子之孝,則因對曰:「莫若太子之最愛陛下也。」及太子問疾,帝令吮癰,有難之色,帝不悅而遣太子。既而聞鄧通之常吮癰也,乃慚而怨之。及嗣帝位,遂致通罪而使至於餓死。故鄧通、行所以盡心力而無害人,其言所以譽太子而昭孝慈也。太子自不能盡其稱,則反結怨而歸咎焉。稱人之長,欲彰其孝,且猶為罪,又況明人之短矯世者哉?

浮侈

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9 浮侈:
古者墓而不崇。仲尼喪母,冡高四尺,遇雨而墮,弟子請治之。夫子泣曰:「禮不脩墓。」「鯉死,有棺而無槨。」文帝葬於芒碭,明帝葬於洛南,皆不藏珠寶,不造廟,不起山陵。陵墓雖卑而聖高。今京師貴戚,郡縣豪家,生不極養,死乃崇喪。或至刻金鏤玉,檽梓楩柟,良田造塋,黃壤致藏,多埋珍寶偶人車馬,造起大冡,廣種松柏,廬舍祠堂,崇侈上僣。寵臣貴戚,州郡世家,每有喪葬,都官屬縣,各當遣吏齎奉,車馬帷帳,貸假待客之具,競為華觀。此無益於奉終,無增於孝行,但作煩攪擾,傷害吏民。

述赦

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14 述赦:
今不顯行賞罰以明善惡,嚴督牧守以擒姦猾,而反數赦以勸之,其文帝曰:「謀反大逆不道諸犯,不當得赦皆除之,將與士大夫灑心更始。」歲歲灑之,然未嘗見姦人冗吏,有肯變心悔服稱詔者也。有司奏事,又俗以赦前之微過,妨今日之顯舉。然則改往脩來,更始之詔,亦不信也。

志氏姓

Books referencing 《志氏姓》 Library Resources
30 志氏姓:
鄭大夫有馮簡子。後韓有馮亭,為上黨守,嫁禍于趙,以致長平之變。秦有將軍馮劫,與李斯俱誅。有馮唐,與文帝論將帥。後有馮奉世,上黨人也,位至將軍,女為元帝昭儀,因家于京師。其孫衍,字敬通,篤學重義,諸儒號之曰「德行雍雍馮敬通」,著書數十篇,孝章皇帝愛重其文。

論衡 - Lunheng

[Eastern Han] 80 Wang Chong English translation: Albert Forke [?]
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命祿

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8 命祿:
夫富貴不欲為貧賤,貧賤自至;貧賤不求為富貴,富貴自得也。春夏囚死,秋冬王相,非能為之也;日朝出而暮入,非求之也,天道自然。代王自代入為文帝,周亞夫以庶子為條侯,此時代王非太子,亞夫非適嗣,逢時遇會,卓然卒至。命貧以力勤致富,富至而死;命賤以才能取貴,貴至而免。才力而致富貴,命祿不能奉持,猶器之盈量,手之持重也。器受一升,以一升則平,受之如過一升,則滿溢也;手舉一鈞,以一鈞則平,舉之過一鈞,則躓仆矣。

吉驗

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14 吉驗:
竇太后弟名曰廣國,年四、五歲,家貧,為人所掠賣,其家不知其所在。傳賣十餘家,至宜陽,為其主人入山作炭。暮寒,臥炭下百餘人,炭崩,盡壓死,廣國獨得脫。自卜數日當為侯。從其家之長安。聞竇皇后新立,家在清河觀津,乃上書自陳。竇太后言於景帝,召見問其故,果是,乃厚賜之。文帝立,拜廣國為章武侯。夫積炭崩,百餘人皆死,廣國獨脫,命當富貴,非徒得活,又封為侯。

骨相

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12 骨相:
周亞夫未封侯之時,許負相之,曰:「君後三歲而。入將相,持國秉,貴重矣,於人臣無兩。其後九歲而君餓死。」亞夫笑曰:「臣之兄已代侯矣,有如父卒,子當代,亞夫何說侯乎?然既已貴如負言,又何說餓死?指示我。」許負指其口:「有縱理入口,曰,此餓死法也。」居三歲,其兄絳侯勝有罪,文帝擇絳侯子賢者,推亞夫,迺封條侯,續絳侯後。

13 骨相:
文帝之後六年,匈奴入邊,乃以亞夫為將軍。至景帝之時,亞夫為丞相,後以疾免。其子為亞夫買工官尚方甲盾五百被可以為葬者,取庸苦之,不與錢。庸知其盜買官器,怨而上告其子。景帝下吏責問,因不食五日,嘔血而死。

14 骨相:
當鄧通之幸文帝也,貴在公卿之上,賞賜億萬,與上齊體。相工相之曰:「當貧賤饑死。」文帝崩,景帝立,通有盜鑄錢之罪,景帝考驗,通亡,寄死人家,不名一錢。

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