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Condition 1: References 秦始皇帝 : 姓嬴,名政,以趙為氏,中國第一個皇帝。姓名:嬴政,在位前246-前210。 Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China. (ruled 246 BC-210 BC) or coextensive terms Matched:558.
Total 392 paragraphs. Page 1 of 40. Jump to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 40

先秦兩漢 - Pre-Qin and Han

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儒家 - Confucianism

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說苑 - Shuo Yuan

[Western Han (206 BC - 9)] Liu Xiang
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正諫

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8 正諫:
秦始皇帝太后不謹,幸郎嫪毐,封以為長信侯,為生兩子,毐專國事,浸益驕奢,與侍中左右貴臣俱博飲,酒醉爭言而鬥,瞋目大叱曰:「吾乃皇帝之假父也,窶人子何敢乃與我亢!」所與鬥者走行白皇帝,皇帝大怒,毐懼誅,因作亂,戰咸陽宮。毐敗,始皇乃取毐四肢車裂之,取其兩弟囊撲殺之,取皇太后遷之于萯陽宮,下令曰:「敢以太后事諫者,戮而殺之!」從蒺藜其脊肉,幹四肢而積之闕下,諫而死者二十七人矣。齊客茅焦乃往上謁曰:「齊客茅焦願上諫皇帝。」皇帝使使者出問客,得無以太后事諫也,茅焦曰然,使者還白曰:「果以太后事諫。」皇帝曰走往告之,若不見闕下積死人邪?使者問茅焦,茅焦曰:「臣聞之天有二十八宿,今死者已有二十七人矣,臣所以來者,欲滿其數耳,臣非畏死人也。」走入白之,茅焦邑子,同食者盡負其衣物行亡,使者入白之,皇帝大怒曰:「是子故來犯吾禁,趣炊鑊湯煮之,是安得積闕下乎!」趣召之入,皇帝按劍而坐,口正沫出,使者召之入,茅焦不肯疾行,足趣相過耳,使者趣之,茅焦曰:「臣至前則死矣,君獨不能忍吾須臾乎?」使者極哀之,茅焦至前再拜謁起,稱曰:「臣聞之,夫有生者不諱死,有國者不諱亡;諱死者不可以得生,諱亡者不可以得存。死生存亡,聖主所欲急聞也,不審陛下欲聞之不?」皇帝曰:「何謂也?」茅焦對曰:「陛下有狂悖之行,陛下不自知邪!」皇帝曰:「何等也?願聞之。」茅焦對曰:「陛下車裂假父,有嫉妒之心;囊撲兩弟,有不慈之名;遷母萯陽宮,有不孝之行;從蒺藜於諫士,有桀紂之治。今天下聞之,盡瓦解無嚮秦者,臣竊恐秦亡為陛下危之,所言已畢,乞行就質。」乃解衣伏質。皇帝下殿,左手接之,右手麾左右曰:「赦之,先生就衣,今願受事。」乃立焦為仲父,爵之上卿;皇帝立駕,千乘萬騎,空左方自行迎太后萯陽宮,歸於咸陽;太后大喜,乃大置酒待茅焦,及飲,太后曰:「抗枉令直,使敗更成,安秦之社稷;使妾母子復得相會者,盡茅君之力也。」

善說

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6 善說:
孝武皇帝時,汾陰得寶鼎而獻之於甘泉宮,群臣賀,上壽曰:「陛下得周鼎。」侍中虞丘壽王獨曰:「非周鼎。」上聞之,召而問曰:「朕得周鼎,群臣皆以為周鼎而壽王獨以為非,何也?壽王有說則生,無說則死。」對曰:「臣壽王安敢無說?臣聞夫周德始產于后稷,長於公劉,大於大王,成於文武,顯於周公,德澤上洞,天下漏泉,無所不通,上天報應,鼎為周出,故名周鼎。今漢自高祖繼周,亦昭德顯行,布恩施惠,六合和同,至陛下之身愈盛,天瑞並至,徵祥畢見。昔始皇帝親出鼎於彭城而不能得。天昭有德,寶鼎自至,此天之所以予漢,乃漢鼎,非周鼎也!」上曰:「善!」群臣皆稱:「萬歲!」是日賜虞丘壽王黃金十斤。

至公

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5 至公:
秦始皇帝既吞天下,乃召群臣而議曰:「古者五帝禪賢,三王世繼,孰是?將為之。」博士七十人未對。鮑白令之對曰:「天下官,則讓賢是也;天下家,則世繼是也。故五帝以天下為官,三王以天下為家。」秦始皇帝仰天而歎曰:「吾德出于五帝,吾將官天下,誰可使代我後者。」鮑白令之對曰:「陛下行桀紂之道,欲為五帝之禪,非陛下所能行也。」秦始皇帝大怒曰:「令之前,若何以言我行桀紂之道也。趣說之,不解則死。」令之對曰:「臣請說之,陛下築臺干雲,宮殿五里,建千石之鐘,萬石之𧇽,婦女連百,倡優累千,興作驪山宮室至雍,相繼不絕,所以自奉者,殫天下,竭民力,偏駮自私,不能以及人,陛下所謂自營僅存之主也。何暇比德五帝,欲官天下哉?」始皇闇然無以應之,面有慚色。久之,曰:「令之之言,乃令眾醜我。」遂罷謀,無禪意也。

反質

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6 反質:
秦始皇既兼天下,大侈靡,即位三十五年猶不息,治大馳道,從九原抵雲陽,塹山堙谷直通之。厭先王宮室之小,乃於豐鎬之間,文武之處,營作朝宮,渭南山林苑中作前殿,阿房東西五百步,南北五十丈,上可坐萬人,下可建五丈旗,周為閣道;自殿直抵南山之嶺以為闕,為複道,自阿房渡渭水屬咸陽,以象天極,閣道絕漢,抵營室也。又興驪山之役,錮三泉之底,關中離宮三百所,關外四百所,皆有鐘磐帷帳,婦女倡優。立石闕東海上朐山界中,以為秦東門。於是有方士韓客侯生,齊客盧生,相與謀曰:「當今時不可以居,上樂以刑殺為威,天下畏罪;持祿莫敢盡忠,上不聞過而日驕,下懾伏以慢欺而取容,諫者不用而失道滋甚。吾黨久居,且為所害。」乃相與亡去。始皇聞之大怒,曰:「吾異日厚盧生,尊爵而事之,今乃誹謗我,吾聞諸生多為妖言以亂黔首。」乃使御史悉上諸生,諸生傳相告,犯法者四百六十餘人,皆坑之。盧生不得,而侯生後得,始皇聞之,召而見之,升阿東之臺,臨四通之街,將數而車裂之。始皇望見侯生,大怒曰:「老虜不良,誹謗而主,迺敢復見我!」侯生至,仰臺而言曰:「臣聞知死必勇,陛下肯聽臣一言乎?」始皇曰:「若欲何言?言之!」侯生曰:「臣聞禹立誹謗之木,欲以知過也。今陛下奢侈失本,淫泆趨末,宮室臺閣,連屬增累,珠玉重寶,積襲成山,錦繡文采,滿府有餘,婦女倡優,數巨萬人,鍾鼓之樂,流漫無窮,酒食珍味,盤錯於前,衣服輕暖,輿馬文飾,所以自奉,麗靡爛熳,不可勝極。黔首匱竭,民力單盡,尚不自知,又急誹謗,嚴威克下,下喑上聾,臣等故去。臣等不惜臣之身,惜陛下國之亡耳。聞古之明王,食足以飽,衣足以暖,宮室足以處,輿馬足以行,故上不見棄於天,下不見棄於黔首。堯茅茨不剪,采椽不斲,土階三等,而樂終身者,俗以其文采之少,而質素之多也。丹朱傲虐好慢淫,不修理化,遂以不升。今陛下之淫,萬丹朱而十昆吾桀紂,臣恐陛下之十亡也,而曾不一存。」始皇默然久之,曰:「汝何不早言?」侯生曰:「陛下之意,方乘青雲飄搖於文章之觀,自賢自健,上侮五帝,下凌三王,棄素樸,就末技,陛下亡徵見久矣。臣等恐言之無益也,而自取死,故逃而不敢言。今臣必死,故為陛下陳之,雖不能使陛下不亡,欲使陛下自知也。」始皇曰:「吾可以變乎?」侯生曰:「形已成矣,陛下坐而待亡耳!若陛下欲更之,能若堯與禹乎?不然無冀也。陛下之佐又非也,臣恐變之不能存也。」始皇喟然而歎,遂釋不誅。後三年始皇崩;二世即位,三年而秦亡。

新書 - Xin Shu

[Western Han (206 BC - 9)] Jia Yi
Books referencing 《新書》 Library Resources
[Also known as: 《賈誼新書》, 《賈子新書》, 《賈子》]

卷一

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過秦上

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3 過秦上:
施及孝文王、莊襄王,享國日淺,國家無事。及至始皇,奮六世之餘烈,振長策而御宇內,吞二周而亡諸侯,履至尊而制六合,執搞朴以鞭笞天下,威振四海,南取百粵之地,以為桂林象郡。百粵之君,俛首係頸,委命下吏,乃使蒙恬北築長城而守藩籬,卻匈奴七百餘里。胡人不敢南下而牧馬,士不敢彎弓而報怨。於是廢先王之道,燔百家之言,以愚黔首。墮名城,殺豪俊,收天下之兵,聚之咸陽。銷鋒鍉,鑄以為金人十二,以弱天下之民。然後踐華為城,因河為池,據億丈之高,臨百尺之淵以為固。良將勁弩,守要害之處;信臣精卒,陳利兵而誰何。天下已定,始皇之心,自以為關中之固,金城千里,子孫帝王萬世之業也。

4 過秦上:
始皇既沒,餘威振於殊俗。然而陳涉,甕牖繩樞之子,氓隸之人,而遷徙之徒也。材能不及中人,非有仲尼、墨翟之賢,陶朱、猗頓之富,躡足行伍之閒,俛起阡陌之中,率疲弊之卒,將數百之眾,轉而攻秦。斬木為兵,揭竿為旗,天下雲合響應,贏糧而景從。山東豪傑並起,而亡秦族矣。

數寧

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2 數寧:
射獵之娛,與安危之機,孰急也?臣聞之:自禹已下五百歲而湯起,自湯已下五百餘年而武王起,故聖王之起,大以五百為紀。自武王已下,過五百歲矣,聖王不起,何慅矣。及秦始皇帝,似是而卒非也,終於無狀。及今天下集於陛下,臣觀寬大知通,竊曰:是以摻亂業,握危勢,若今之賢也,明通以足天紀,又當天宜,請陛下為之矣。然又未也者,又將誰須也?使為治,勞知慮,苦身體,乏馳騁鍾鼓之樂,勿為可也,樂與今同耳。因加以常安,四望無患,因諸侯附親軌道,致忠而信上耳;因上不疑其臣,無族罪,兵革不動,民長保首領耳;因德窮至遠,近者匈奴,遠者四荒,苟人跡之所能及,皆鄉風慕義,樂為臣子耳;因天下富足,資財有餘,人及十年之食耳;因民素朴,順而樂從令耳;因官事甚約,獄訟盜賊可令垬有耳。大數既得,則天下順治,海內之氣,清和咸理,則萬生遂茂。晏子曰:「唯以政順乎神為可以益壽。」髮子曰:「至治之極,父無死子,兄無死弟,塗無繈褓之葬,各以其順終。穀食之法,固百以是,則至尊之壽,輕百年耳,古者五帝,皆踰百歲。」以此言信之,因生為明帝,沒則為明神,名譽之美,垂無窮耳。禮:祖有功,宗有德,始取天下為功,始治天下為德。因觀成之廟,為天下太宗,承太祖,與天下漢長亡極耳。因卑不疑尊,賤不踰貴,尊卑貴賤,明若白黑,則天下之眾不疑眩耳。因經紀本於天地,政法倚於四時,後世無變故,無易常,襲跡而長久耳。臣竊以為建久安之勢,成長治之業,以承祖廟,以奉六親,至孝也;以宰天下,以治群生,神民咸億,社稷久饗,至仁也;立經陳紀,輕重周得,後可以為萬世法,以後雖有愚幼不肖之嗣,猶得蒙業而安,至明也。壽並五帝,澤施至遠,於陛下何損哉!以陛下之明通,因使少知治體者,得佐下風,致此治非有難也,陛下何不一為之?其具可素陳於前,願幸無忽。臣謹稽之天地,驗之往古,案之當時之務,日夜念此至孰也,雖使禹舜生而為陛下計,無以易此。

卷四

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淮難

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3 淮難:
今淮南土雖小,黥布嘗用之矣,漢存特幸耳。夫擅仇人足以危漢之資,於策安便?雖割而為四,四子一心也。豫讓為智伯報趙襄子,五起而不取者,無他,資力少也。子胥之報楚也,有吳之眾也;白公成亂也,有白公之眾也;闔閭富故,然使專諸刺吳王僚;燕太子丹富故,然使荊軻殺秦王政。今陛下將尊不億之人,與之眾積之財,此非有白公、子胥之報於廣都之中者,即疑有專諸、荊軻起兩柱之閒,其策安便哉?此所謂假賊兵、為虎翼者,願陛下少留意計之。

新序 - Xin Xu

[Western Han (206 BC - 9)] Liu Xiang
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善謀

Books referencing 《善謀》 Library Resources
8 善謀:
公孫鞅曰:「子之所言者,世俗之所知也。常人安於所習,學者溺於所聞,此兩者所以居官而守法也,非所與論於典法之外也。三代不同道而王,五霸不同法而霸。知者作法,而愚者制焉;賢者更禮,不肖者拘焉。拘禮之人,不足與言事;制法之人,不足與論治。君無疑矣。」杜摯曰:「利不百不變法,攻不什不易器。臣聞之法古無過,循禮無邪,君其圖之。」公孫鞅曰:「前世不同教,何古之法?帝王者不相復,何禮之循?伏犧神農,教而不誅;黃帝堯舜,誅而不怒;及至文武,各當其時而立法因事制禮。禮法兩定,制令各宜,甲兵器備,各便其用。臣故曰治世不一道,便國不必古。故湯武之王也不循古,殷夏之滅也不易禮。然則反古者未可非也,循禮者未足多也,君無疑矣。」孝公曰:「善。吾聞窮鄉多怪,曲學多辯。愚者之笑,和者哀焉;狂夫之樂,賢者憂焉。拘世之議,人心不疑矣。」於是孝公違龍摯之善謀,遂從衛鞅之過言,法嚴而酷刑深,而必守之以公,當時取強,遂封鞅為商君。及孝公死,國人怨商君,至於車裂之,其患流漸,至始皇赤衣塞路,群盜滿山,卒以亂亡,削刻無恩之所致也。三代積德而王,齊桓繼絕而霸,秦項嚴暴而亡,漢王垂仁而帝,故仁恩,謀之本也。

揚子法言 - Yangzi Fayan

[Western Han - Xin] 33 BC-18 Yang Xiong
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[Also known as: 《揚雄法言》, 《楊子法言》, 《楊雄法言》, 《法言》]

重黎卷第十 - Zhong and Li

English translation: Jeffrey S. Bullock [?] Library Resources
7 重黎卷第... :
或問:「六國並,其已久矣。一病一瘳,迄始皇三載而咸,時激、地保、人事乎?」曰:「具。」「請問事。」曰:「孝公以下,強兵力農,以蠶食六國,事也。」「保。」曰:「東溝大河,南阻高山,西采雍、梁,北鹵涇垠,便則申,否則蟠,保也。」「激。」曰:「始皇方斧,將相方刀,六國方木,將相方肉,激也。」
Zhong and Li:
Someone said: The six kingdoms stood together for a long time, one now weak, the other now strong. Qin Shi Huangdi appeared and they were all[unified within three years. Was this because of fortunate timing, the natural defensibility of the land, or man's doing?
Yangzi said: All of them.
May I ask about man's doing?
Yangzi said: From the time of Duke Xiao on down, Qin strengthened its armies and empowered its farmers—they were like silkworms eating away at the six kingdoms. This was man's doing.
The other said: May I ask about the natural defensibility of the land?
Yangzi said: To the east, the Yellow River served as a moat; to the south, it was obstructed by high mountains; to the west they took Yong and Liang, and to the north, it was bordered by the Jing River. When it was advantageous, Qin expanded its territory. When it was not, it just coiled up. This was the natural defensibility of the land.
The other said: How was it due to fortunate timing?
Yangzi said: At that time Qin Shi Huangdi was like an axe and his generals were like knives. The six kingdoms were like wood, and their generals were like meat. This was fortunate timing.

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