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Scope: Kun Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "含章可貞" Matched:2.
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《䷁坤 - Kun》

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《䷁坤》 Library Resources
1 ䷁坤:
坤:元亨,利牝馬之貞。君子有攸往,先迷後得主,利西南得朋,東北喪朋。安貞,吉。
Kun:
Kun (represents) what is great and originating, penetrating, advantageous, correct and having the firmness of a mare. When the superior man (here intended) has to make any movement, if he take the initiative, he will go astray; if he follow, he will find his (proper) lord. The advantageousness will be seen in his getting friends in the south-west, and losing friends in the north-east. If he rest in correctness and firmness, there will be good fortune.
彖傳:
至哉坤元,萬物資生,乃順承天。坤厚載物,德合无疆。含弘光大,品物咸亨。牝馬地類,行地无疆,柔順利貞。君子攸行,先迷失道,後順得常。西南得朋,乃與類行;東北喪朋,乃終有慶。安貞之吉,應地无疆。
Tuan Zhuan:
Complete is the 'great and originating (capacity)' indicated by Kun! All things owe to it their birth; - it receives obediently the influences of Heaven. Kun, in its largeness, supports and contains all things. Its excellent capacity matches the unlimited power (of Qian). Its comprehension is wide, and its brightness great. The various things obtain (by it) their full development. The mare is a creature of earthly kind. Its (power of) moving on the earth is without limit; it is mild and docile, advantageous and firm: - such is the course of the superior man. 'If he take the initiative, he goes astray:' - he misses, that is, his proper course. 'If he follow,' he is docile, and gets into his regular (course). 'In the south-west he will get friends:' - he will be walking with those of his own class. 'In the north-east he will lose friends:' - but in the end there will be ground for congratulation. 'The good fortune arising from resting in firmness' corresponds to the unlimited capacity of the earth.
象傳:
地勢坤,君子以厚德載物。
Xiang Zhuan:
The (capacity and sustaining) power of the earth is what is denoted by Kun. The superior man, in accordance with this, with his large virtue supports (men and) things.

2 ䷁坤:
初六:履霜,堅冰至。
Kun:
In the first SIX, divided, (we see its subject) treading on hoarfrost. The strong ice will come (by and by).
象傳:
履霜堅冰,陰始凝也。馴致其道,至堅冰也。
Xiang Zhuan:
'He is treading on hoarfrost; - the strong ice will come (by and by):' - the cold (air) has begun to take form. Allow it to go on quietly according to its nature, and (the hoarfrost) will come to strong ice.

3 ䷁坤:
六二:直,方,大,不習无不利。
Kun:
The second SIX, divided, (shows the attribute of) being straight, square, and great. (Its operation), without repeated efforts, will be in every respect advantageous.
象傳:
六二之動,直以方也。不習无不利,地道光也。
Xiang Zhuan:
The movement indicated by the second six, (divided),is 'from the straight (line) to the square.' '(Its operation), without repeated effort, in every way advantageous,' shows the brilliant result of the way of earth.

4 ䷁坤:
六三:含章可貞。或從王事,无成有終。
Kun:
The third SIX, divided, (shows its subject) keeping his excellence under restraint, but firmly maintaining it. If he should have occasion to engage in the king's service, though he will not claim the success (for himself), he will bring affairs to a good issue.
象傳:
含章可貞;以時發也。或從王事,知光大也。
Xiang Zhuan:
'He keeps his excellence tinder restraint, but firmly maintains it:' - at the proper time he will manifest it. 'He may have occasion to engage in the king's service: - great is the glory of his wisdom.

5 ䷁坤:
六四:括囊;无咎,无譽。
Kun:
The fourth SIX, divided, (shows the symbol of) a sack tied up. There will be no ground for blame or for praise.
象傳:
括囊无咎,慎不害也。
Xiang Zhuan:
'A sack tied up; - there will be no error:' - this shows how, through carefulness, no injury will be received.

6 ䷁坤:
六五:黃裳,元吉。
Kun:
The fifth SIX, divided, (shows) the yellow lower garment. There will be great good fortune.
象傳:
黃裳元吉,文在中也。
Xiang Zhuan:
S. 'The Yellow lower-garment; - there will be great good fortune:' - this follows from that ornamental (colour's) being in the right and central place.

7 ䷁坤:
上六:龍戰于野,其血玄黃。
Kun:
The sixth SIX, divided (shows) dragons fighting in the wild. Their blood is purple and yellow.
象傳:
戰龍於野,其道窮也。
Xiang Zhuan:
'The dragons fight in the wild: - the (onward) course (indicated by Kun) is pursued to extremity.

8 ䷁坤:
用六:利永貞。
Kun:
(The lines of this hexagram are all weak and divided, as appears from) the use of the number six. If those (who are thus represented) be perpetually correct and firm, advantage will arise.
象傳:
用六永貞,以大終也。
Xiang Zhuan:
'(The lines are all weak and divided, as appears from) the use of the number SIX: - but (those who are thus represented) becoming perpetually correct and firm, there will thereby be a great consummation.

9 文言:
《文言》曰:《坤》至柔而動也剛,至靜而德方,後得主而有常,含萬物而化光。坤道其順乎,承天而時行。
Kun:
(What is indicated by) Kun is most gentle and weak, but, when put in motion, is hard and strong; it is most still, but is able to give every definite form. 'By following, it obtains its (proper) lord,' and pursues its regular (course). It contains all things in itself, and its transforming (power) is glorious. Yes, what docility marks the way of Kun! It receives the influences of heaven, and acts at the proper time.

10 文言:
積善之家,必有餘慶;積不善之家,必有餘殃。臣弒其君,子弒其父,非一朝一夕之故,其所由來者漸矣,由辯之不早辯也。《》曰「履霜、堅冰至」,蓋言順也。
Kun:
The family that accumulates goodness is sure to have superabundant happiness, and the family that accumulates evil is sure to have superabundant misery. The murder of a ruler by his minister, or of his father by a son, is not the result of the events of one morning or one evening. The causes of it have gradually accumulated,--through the absence of early discrimination. The words of the Yi, 'He treads on the hoar-frost; the strong ice will come (by and by),' show the natural (issue and growth of things).

11 文言:
「直」其正也,「方」其義也。君子敬以直內,義以方外,敬義立而德不孤。「直、方、大、不習无不利」,則不疑其所行也。
Kun:
'Straight' indicates the correctness (of the internal principle), and 'square,' the righteousness (of the external act). The superior man, (thus represented), by his self-reverence maintains the inward (correctness), and in righteousness adjusts his external acts. His reverence and righteousness being (thus) established, his virtues are not solitary instances or of a single class. 'Straight, square, and great, working his operations, without repeated efforts, in every respect advantageous:'--this shows how (such a one) has no doubts as to what he does.

12 文言:
陰雖有美「含」之以從王事,弗敢成也。地道也,妻道也,臣道也。地道「无成」而代「有終」也。天地變化,草木蕃。天地閉,賢人隱。《》曰「括囊、无咎无譽」,蓋言謹也。
Kun:
Although (the subject of) this divided line has excellent qualities, he (does not display them, but) keeps them under restraint. 'If he engage with them in the service of the king, and be successful, he will not claim that success for himself:'--this is the way of the earth, of a wife, of a minister. The way of the earth is-'not to claim the merit of achievement,' but on behalf (of heaven) to bring things to their proper issue. Through the changes and transformations produced by heaven and earth, plants and trees grow luxuriantly. If (the reciprocal influence of) heaven and earth were shut up and restrained, we should have (a state that might suggest to us) the case of men of virtue and ability lying in obscurity. The words of the Yi, 'A sack tied up:--there will be no ground for blame or for praise,' are in reality a lesson of caution.

13 文言:
君子「黃」中通理,正位居體,美在其中而暢於四支,發於事業,美之至也。
Kun:
The superior man (emblemed here) by the yellow and correct (colour), is possessed of comprehension and discrimination. He occupies the correct position (of supremacy), but (that emblem) is on (the lower part of) his person. His excellence is in the centre (of his being), but it diffuses a complacency over his four limbs, and is manifested in his (conduct of) affairs:--this is the perfection of excellence.

14 文言:
陰疑於陽必「戰」,為其嫌於无陽也,故稱「龍」焉。猶未離其類也,故稱「血」焉。夫「玄黃」者、天地之雜也。天玄而地黃。
Kun:
(The subject of) the yin (or divided line) thinking himself equal to the (subject of the) yang, or undivided line, there is sure to be 'a contest.' As if indignant at there being no acknowledgment of the (superiority of the subject of the) yang line, (the text) uses the term 'dragons.' But still the (subject of neither line) can leave his class, and hence we have 'the blood' mentioned. The mention of that as being (both) 'azure and yellow' indicates the mixture of heaven and earth. Heaven's (colour) is azure and earth's is yellow.

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.