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Chinese Text Project
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《謙 - Qian》

English translation: James Legge [?] Library Resources
1 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
(The trigram for) the earth and (that of) a mountain in the midst of it form Qian. The superior man, in accordance with this, diminishes what is excessive (in himself), and increases where there is any defect, bringing about an equality, according to the nature of the case, in his treatment (of himself and others).

2 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
'The superior man who adds humility to humility' is one who nourishes his (virtue) in lowliness.

3 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
'The good fortune consequent on being firm and correct, where the humility has made itself recognised, is owing to the possessor's having (the virtue) in the core of his heart.

4 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
'The superior man of (acknowledged) merit, and yet humble:' - the myriads of the people will submit to him.

5 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
'One, whose action would be in every way advantageous, stirs up his humility the more:'(but in doing so) he does not act contrary to the (proper) rule.

6 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
'He may advantageously use the force of arms:' - correcting, that is, those who do not submit.

7 謙:
Xiang Zhuan:
'His humility has made itself recognised:' - (but) all his aims have not yet been attained. He may employ the force of arms, (but only) in correcting (his own) towns and state.'

URN: ctp:book-of-changes/qian4