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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version
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Scope: Yi Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "温温恭人维德之基" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

《抑 - Yi》

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《抑》 Library Resources
1 抑:
抑抑威仪、维德之隅。
人亦有言、靡哲不愚。
庶人之愚、亦职维疾。
哲人之愚、亦维斯戾。
Yi:
An outward demeanour, cautious and grave,
Is an indication of the [inward] virtue.
People have the saying,
'There is no wise man who is not [also] stupid. '
The stupidity of the ordinary man,
Is determined by his [natural] defects.
The stupidity of the wise man,
Is from his doing violence [to his natural character].

2 抑:
无竞维人、四方其训之。
有觉德行、四国顺之。
吁谟定命、远犹辰告。
敬慎威仪、维民之则。
Yi:
What is most powerful is the being the man; -
In all quarters [of the State] men are influenced by it.
To an upright virtuous conduct,
All in the four quarters of the State render obedient homage.
With great counsels and determinate orders,
With far-reaching plans and timely announcements,
And with reverent care of his outward demeanour,
One will become the pattern of the people.

3 抑:
其在于今、兴迷乱于政。
颠覆厥德、荒湛于酒。
女虽湛乐从、弗念厥绍。
罔敷求先王、克共明刑。
Yi:
As for the circumstances of the present time,
You are bent on error and confusion in your government.
Your virtue is subverted;
You are besotted by drink.
Although you thus pursue nothing but pleasure,
How is it you do not think of your relation to the past,
And do not widely study the former kings,
That you might hold fast their wise laws?

4 抑:
肆皇天弗尚、如彼泉流、无沦胥以亡。
夙兴夜寐、洒扫廷内、维民之章。
修尔车马、弓矢戎兵。
用戒戎作、用逷蛮方。
Yi:
Shall not those whom great Heaven does not approve of,
Surely as the waters flow from a spring,
Sink down together to ruin?
Rise early and go to bed late,
Sprinkle and sweep your court-yard; -
So as to be a pattern to the people.
Have in good order your chariots and horses,
Your bows and arrows, and [other] weapons of war; -
To be prepared for warlike action,
To keep at a distance [the hordes of] the South.

5 抑:
质尔人民、谨尔侯度、用戒不虞。
慎尔出话、敬尔威仪、无不柔嘉。
白圭之玷、尚可磨也。
斯言之玷、不可为也。
Yi:
Perfect what concerns your officers and people;
Be careful of your duties as a prince [of the kingdom]; -
To be prepared for unforeseen dangers.
Be cautious of what you say;
Be reverently careful of your outward demeanour;
In all things be mild and correct.
A flaw in a mace of white jade,
May be ground away,
But for a flaw in speech,
Nothing can be done.

6 抑:
无易由言、无曰苟矣。
莫扪朕舌、言不可逝矣。
无言不雠、无德不报。
惠于朋友、庶民小子、子孙绳绳、万民靡不承。
Yi:
Do not speak lightly; - your words are your own:
Do not say, ' This is of little importance. '
No one can hold my tongue for me;
Words are not to be cast away.
Every word finds its answer;
Every good deed has its recompense.
If you are gracious among your friends,
And to the people, as if they were your children,
Your descendants will continue in unbroken line,
And all the people will surely be obedient to you.

7 抑:
视尔友君子、辑柔尔颜、不遐有愆。
相在尔室、尚不愧于屋漏。
无曰不显、莫予云觏。
神之格思、不可度思、矧可射思。
Yi:
Looked at in friendly intercourse with superior men,
You make your countenance harmonious and mild; -
Anxious not to do anything wrong.
Looked at in your chamber,
You ought to be equally free from shame before the light which shines in.
Do not say, ' This place is not public;
No one can see me here. '
The approaches of spiritual Beings,
Cannot be calculated [beforehand];
But the more should they not be slighted.

8 抑:
辟尔为德、俾臧俾嘉。
淑慎尔止、不愆于仪。
不僭不贼、鲜不为则。
投我以桃、报之以李。
彼童而角、实虹小子。
Yi:
O prince, let your practice of virtue,
Be entirely good and admirable.
Watch well over your behaviour,
And allow nothing wrong in your demeanour.
Committing no excess, doing nothing injurious; -
There are few who will not in such a case take you for their pattern.
When one throws to me a peach,
I return to him a plum.
To look for horns on a young ram,
Will only weary you, my son.

9 抑:
荏染柔木、言缗之丝。
温温恭人、维德之基
其维哲人、告之话言、顺德之行。
其维愚人、覆谓我僭。
民各有心。
Yi:
The soft and elastic wood,
Can be fitted with the silken string.
The mild and the respectful man,
Possesses the foundation of virtue.
There is a wise man; -
I tell him [good] words,
And he yields to them the practice of docile virtue.
There is a stupid man; -
He says on the contrary that my words are not true:
So different are people's minds.

10 抑:
于乎小子、未知藏否。
匪手携之、言示之事。
匪面命之、言提其耳。
借曰未知、亦既抱子。
民之靡盈、谁夙知而莫成。
Yi:
Oh! my son,
When you did not know what was good, and what was not good,
Not [only] did I lead you on by the hand,
But I showed the difference by appealing to affairs.
Not [only] did I charge you face to face,
But I held you by the ears.
And still perhaps you do not know,
Although you have held a son in your arms.
If people are not self-sufficient,
Who comes [only] to a late maturity after early instruction?

11 抑:
昊天孔昭、我生靡乐。
视尔梦梦、我心惨惨。
诲尔谆谆、听我藐藐。
匪用为教、覆用为虐。
借曰未知、亦聿既耄。
Yi:
Great Heaven is very intelligent,
And I pass my life without pleasure.
When I see you so dark and stupid,
My heart is full of pain.
I taught you with assiduous repetition,
And you listened to me with contempt.
You would not consider me your teacher,
But regarded me as troublesome.
Still perhaps you do not know; -
But you are very old.

12 抑:
于乎小子、告尔旧子。
听用我谋、庶无大悔。
天方艰难、曰丧厥国。
取譬不远、昊天不忒。
回遹其德、俾民大棘。
Yi:
Oh! my son,
I have told you the old ways.
Hear and follow my counsels; -
Then shall you have no cause for great regret.
Heaven is now inflicting calamities,
And is destroying the State.
My illustrations are not taken from things remote; -
Great Heaven makes no mistakes.
If you go on to deteriorate in your virtue,
You will bring the people to great distress.

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.