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Scope: 玉杯 Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "有文无质非直不子乃少恶之谓州公实来是也" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

玉杯

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1 玉杯:
《春秋》讥文公以丧取。难者曰:“丧之法,不过三年。三年之丧,二十五月。今按经,文公乃四十一月方取。取时无丧,出其法也久矣。何以谓之丧取。”曰:春秋之论事,莫重于志。今取必纳币,纳币之月在丧分,故谓之丧取也。且文公以秋祭,以冬纳币,皆失于太蚤。《春秋》不讥其前,而顾讥其后,必以三年之丧,肌肤之情也。虽从俗而不能终,犹宜未平于心。今全无悼远之志,反思念取事,是《春秋》之所甚疾也。故讥不出三年于首而已,讥以丧取也。不别先后,贱其无人心也。缘此以论礼,礼之所重者在其志。志敬而节具,则君子予之知礼。志和而音雅,则君子予之知乐。志哀而居约,则君子予之知丧。故曰:非虚加之,重志之谓也。志为质,物为文。文著于质,质不居文,文安施质?质文两备,然后其礼成。文质偏行,不得有我尔之名。俱不能备而偏行之,宁有质而无文。虽弗予能礼,尚少善之,介葛庐来是也。有文无质,非直不子,乃少恶之,谓州公实来是也。然则《春秋》之序道也,先质而后文,右志而左物。“礼云礼云,玉帛云乎哉?”推而前之,亦宜曰:朝云朝云,辞令云乎哉?“乐云乐云,钟鼓云乎哉?”引而后之,亦宜曰:丧云丧云,衣服云乎哉?是故孔子立新王之道,明其贵志以反和,见其好诚以灭伪。其有继周之弊,故若此也。

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.