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-> 孔子

孔子[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:196746

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name孔子default
name孔丘
born-date魯襄公二十二年
-551
史記·史記卷四十七·孔子世家第十七》:魯襄公二十二年而孔子生。
died-date周敬王四十一年
-479
史記·史記卷四·周本紀第四》:四十一年,楚滅陳。孔子卒。
authority-cbdb15887
authority-ddbc2174
authority-viaf89664672
authority-wikidataQ4604
link-wikipedia_zh孔子
link-wikipedia_enConfucius
Confucius ( ; s=孔夫子|p=Kǒng Fūzǐ, "Master Kǒng"; ) was a Chinese philosopher and politician of the Spring and Autumn period who was traditionally considered the paragon of Chinese sages. Widely considered one of the most important and influential individuals in Chinese and East Asian philosophy as well as Chinese and human history, Confucius's teachings and philosophy formed the basis of East Asian culture and society, and continue to remain influential across China and East Asia today.

His philosophical teachings called Confucianism — emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, and sincerity. Confucianism was part of the Chinese social fabric and way of life; to Confucians, everyday life was the arena of religion. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction in the new government. During the Tang and Song dynasties, Confucianism developed into a system known in the West as Neo-Confucianism, and later New Confucianism.

Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts, including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.

Confucius's principles have commonality with Chinese tradition and belief. With filial piety, he championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives, recommending family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle "Do not do unto others what you do not want done to yourself", the Golden Rule. He is also a traditional deity in Daoism.

Read more...: Name   Life   Early life   Political career   Exile   Return home   Philosophy   Ethics   Politics   Music and Poetry   Legacy   Disciples   Visual portraits   Fictional portrayals   Memorials   Descendants  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
孔丘(前551年9月28日{{NoteTag - 其生日有爭議,參見孔子誕辰日}}),姓,氏,名,字仲尼,後代敬稱孔子孔夫子。生於魯國陬邑,祖先為宋國人,東周春秋末期魯國的教育家與哲學家,曾在魯國擔任官府要職。孔子為儒家創始人,其德性論五行思想(仁義禮智信)對鄰近地區,如:朝鮮半島、琉球、日本、越南、東南亞等有深遠影響,此等地區也被稱為儒家文化圈。

Read more...: 名號與稱呼   生平經歷   家系與出生   儀容   早年教育   適齊   初仕魯國   周遊列國   留衞期間   過宋之危   相失於鄭   受困陳蔡   晚年   理念   思想方面   「仁」的人生哲學   部分思想的弊端   「禮」的社會秩序   君子與小人   教育方面   哲學方面   政治方面   鬼神觀   主要成就   為政之道   教育理念與教學實況   三千弟子和七十二位精通六藝的弟子   整理編修古籍   家族   影響   形象   孔子與中華文化   尊孔與非孔   近現代以來的新發展   清末到民國時期   中華人民共和國時期   紀念   祭孔   孔府、孔廟、孔林   歷代追封追謚   現代文藝作品   小說   電影   電視劇   動畫片   郵票   注釋   參考來源   書目   外部鏈接   延伸閱讀  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelation
孔鯉father

TextCount
北史1
陳書1
清史稿18
兩漢三國學案19
文昌雜錄1
臨川集1
新唐書7
金史10
蕉軒隨錄9
三國志10
隋書23
明史4
全唐文17
大越史記全書6
舊唐書1
清稗類鈔1
漢書106
宋史紀事本末10
四庫全書總目提要172
文獻通考5
小腆紀傳3
資治通鑑32
南史2
後漢書23
直齋書錄解題4
苕溪漁隱叢話2
晉書3
魏書1
蘇軾集2
元史3
經學歷史135
十六國春秋1
史記437
十六國春秋別傳2
宋史23
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/196746 [RDF]

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