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-> 孔子

孔子[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:196746

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name孔子default
name孔丘
born-date魯襄公二十二年
-551
史記·史記卷四十七·孔子世家第十七》:魯襄公二十二年而孔子生。
died-date周敬王四十一年
-479
史記·史記卷四·周本紀第四》:四十一年,楚滅陳。孔子卒。
authority-cbdb15887
authority-ddbc2174
authority-viaf89664672
authority-wikidataQ4604
link-wikipedia_zh孔子
link-wikipedia_enConfucius
Confucius ( ; s=孔夫子|p=Kǒng Fūzǐ, "Master Kǒng"; ) was a Chinese philosopher and politician of the Spring and Autumn period who was traditionally considered the paragon of Chinese sages. Widely considered one of the most important and influential individuals in Chinese and East Asian philosophy as well as Chinese and human history, Confucius's teachings and philosophy formed the basis of East Asian culture and society, and continue to remain influential across China and East Asia today.

His philosophical teachings called Confucianism — emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, and sincerity. Confucianism was part of the Chinese social fabric and way of life; to Confucians, everyday life was the arena of religion. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction in the new government. During the Tang and Song dynasties, Confucianism developed into a system known in the West as Neo-Confucianism, and later New Confucianism.

Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts, including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.

Confucius's principles have commonality with Chinese tradition and belief. With filial piety, he championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives, recommending family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle "Do not do unto others what you do not want done to yourself", the Golden Rule. He is also a traditional deity in Daoism.

Read more...: Name   Life   Early life   Political career   Exile   Return home   Philosophy   Ethics   Politics   Music and Poetry   Legacy   Disciples   Visual portraits   Fictional portrayals   Memorials   Descendants  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelation
孔鯉father

TextCount
北史1
陳書1
清史稿13
兩漢三國學案19
文昌雜錄1
臨川集1
新唐書7
金史10
蕉軒隨錄9
三國志10
隋書23
明史4
全唐文17
大越史記全書6
舊唐書1
清稗類鈔1
漢書106
宋史紀事本末2
四庫全書總目提要75
文獻通考5
小腆紀傳3
資治通鑑31
南史2
後漢書23
直齋書錄解題4
苕溪漁隱叢話2
晉書3
魏書1
蘇軾集2
經學歷史135
十六國春秋1
史記437
十六國春秋別傳2
宋史21
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/196746 [RDF]

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