Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project Data wiki
-> 阮朝

阮朝[View] [Edit] [History]

RelationTargetTextual basis
The Nguyễn dynasty (Chữ Nôm: 茹阮, Nhà Nguyễn; Hán tự: 阮朝, Nguyễn triều) was the last Vietnamese dynasty, which ruled the unified Vietnamese state largely independently from 1802 to 1884. During its existence, the empire expanded into modern-day southern Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos through a continuation of the centuries-long Nam tiến and Siamese–Vietnamese wars. After 1883, the Nguyễn emperors ruled nominally as heads of state of the French protectorates of Annam and Tonkin until the final months of WWII; they later nominally ruled over the Empire of Vietnam until the Japanese surrender.

The Nguyễn Phúc family established feudal rule over large amounts of territory as the Nguyễn Lords by the 16th century before defeating the Tây Sơn dynasty and establishing their own imperial rule in the 19th century. The dynastic rule began with Gia Long ascending the throne in 1802, after ending the previous Tây Sơn dynasty. The Nguyễn dynasty was gradually absorbed by France over the course of several decades in the latter half of the 19th century, beginning with the Cochinchina Campaign in 1858 which led to the occupation of the southern area of Vietnam. A series of unequal treaties followed; the occupied territory became the French colony of Cochinchina in the 1862 Treaty of Saigon, and the 1863 Treaty of Huế gave France access to Vietnamese ports and increased control of its foreign affairs. Finally, the 1883 and 1884 Treaties of Huế divided the remaining Vietnamese territory into the protectorates of Annam and Tonkin under nominal Nguyễn Phúc rule. In 1887, Cochinchina, Annam, Tonkin, and the French Protectorate of Cambodia were grouped together to form French Indochina.

The Nguyễn dynasty remained the formal emperors of Annam and Tonkin within Indochina until World War II. Japan had occupied Indochina with French collaboration in 1940, but as the war seemed increasingly lost, overthrew the French administration in March 1945 and proclaimed independence for its constituent countries. The Empire of Vietnam under Emperor Bảo Đại was a nominally independent Japanese puppet state during the last months of the war. It ended with Bảo Đại's abdication following the surrender of Japan and August Revolution by the anti-colonial Việt Minh in the August 1945. This ended the 143-year rule of the Nguyễn dynasty. Many Vietnamese historians have a harsh and poor assessment of the Nguyễn dynasty.

Read more...: Names   Việt Nam   Đại Nam   Other names   History   Background and establishment   Origin of Nguyễn clan   dynastys servants   Nguyễns dominion in the south   Nguyễn-Trịnh confrontation   Tây Sơn–Nguyễn war (1771–1802)   The end of the Nguyễn lords reign   Nguyễn Ánh escapes   Nguyễn–Cambodian agreement   Chinese Vietnamese support for Nguyễn Ánh   Nguyễn – Siam alliance   French assistance   Qing China - Lê alliance against Tây Sơn   Franco-Nguyễn alliance against Tây Sơn   Nguyễn Ánhs counter-attack   Defeat of the Tây Sơn   Imperial rule (1802–1883)   Overview   Gia Long period   Rise and expansion under Minh Mạng   War with Siam and invasion of Cambodia   Decline of the Nguyễn dynasty   French conquest   End of independence (1874–1885)   French protectorates of Annam and Tonkin (1883–1945)   French conquest of Nam Kỳ   Unequal treaties   World War I   World War II   National administration   Government   Emperor   Civil service and bureaucracy   Taxes   Political Organization   Education system   Pension   Administrative divisions   Under Gia Long   Minh Mạng and later   Economy   Society   Culture and Cultural Discrimination   Subjugation of Champa   Vietnamisation of ethnic minorities   Costume   Religion   Demography   Photography   Military   Galleries   Imperial family   Emperors   Lineage   Family tree   Succession line   Images of the imperial family   Symbols   Flags   Seals   Sun, moon, auspicious clouds, and the Yin-Yang symbol   Dragons   Gallery of symbols  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.



Read more...: 起源   獨立時期   建立   外交   文化   內亂   法國勢力進入   殖民時期   淪為保護國   勤王運動   殖民政府   文化   經濟與社會   反殖民抗爭   日本統治   滅亡   君主列表   世譜   注釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

嘉隆帝ruled1802/2/3 - 1803/1/22嘉隆元年1819/1/26 - 1820/2/13嘉隆十八年
明命帝ruled1820/2/14 - 1821/2/2明命元年1841/1/23 - 1842/2/9明命二十二年
紹治帝ruled1841/1/23 - 1842/2/9紹治元年1847/2/15 - 1848/2/4紹治七年
嗣德帝ruled1848/2/5 - 1849/1/23嗣德元年1883/2/8 - 1884/1/27嗣德三十六年
建福帝ruled1884/1/28 - 1885/2/14建福元年1884/1/28 - 1885/2/14建福元年
同慶帝ruled1885/2/15 - 1886/2/3同慶元年1889/1/31 - 1890/1/20同慶五年
咸宜帝ruled1885/2/15 - 1886/2/3咸宜元年1888/2/12 - 1889/1/30咸宜四年
成泰帝ruled1889/1/31 - 1890/1/20成泰元年1907/2/13 - 1908/2/1成泰十九年
維新帝ruled1907/2/13 - 1908/2/1維新元年Error: date not found.維新十年
協和帝ruledError: date not found.協和元年Error: date not found.協和
保大帝ruledError: date not found.保大元年Error: date not found.保大二十年
啟定帝ruledError: date not found.啟定元年Error: date not found.啟定十年


Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2024. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.