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-> 元世祖

元世祖[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:276177

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name元世祖default
name世祖
name忽必烈
born-date元太祖乙亥年八月乙卯
1215/9/23
元史·卷四》:以乙亥歲八月乙卯生。
died-date至元三十一年正月
1294/1/28 - 1294/2/26
元史·卷十八》:三十一年春正月,世祖崩,親王、諸大臣遣使告哀軍中。
born1215
fatherperson:拖雷元史·卷四》:世祖聖德神功文武皇帝,諱忽必烈,睿宗皇帝第四子。
ruleddynasty:蒙古
    from-date 元世祖元年三月辛卯
1260/5/5
    to-date 至元八年十一月甲戌
1271/12/17
ruleddynasty:元
    from-date 至元八年十一月乙亥
1271/12/18
    to-date 至元三十一年十二月乙巳
1295/1/16
authority-cbdb29244
authority-cbdb29244
authority-ddbc2085
authority-viaf72189401
authority-wikidataQ7523
link-wikipedia_zh忽必烈
link-wikipedia_enKublai_Khan
Kublai (; Хубилай|Hubilai; 忽必烈 Hūbìliè; 23 September  1215 – 18 February 1294), also known as the Emperor Shizu of Yuan, was the fifth khagan-emperor of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although after the division of the empire this was a nominal position). He also founded the Yuan dynasty in China as a conquest dynasty in 1271, and ruled as the first Yuan emperor until his death in 1294.

Kublai was the fourth son of Tolui (his second son with Sorghaghtani Beki) and a grandson of Genghis Khan. He was almost 12 years of age when Genghis Khan died and had succeeded his older brother Möngke as Khagan in 1260, but had to defeat his younger brother Ariq Böke in the Toluid Civil War lasting until 1264. This episode marked the beginning of disunity in the empire. Kublai's real power was limited to China and Mongolia, though as Khagan he still had influence in the Ilkhanate and, to a significantly lesser degree, in the Golden Horde. If one counts the Mongol Empire at that time as a whole, his realm reached from the Pacific Ocean to the Black Sea, from Siberia to what is now Afghanistan.

In 1271, Kublai established the Yuan dynasty, which ruled over present-day China, Mongolia, Korea, and some adjacent areas; he also amassed influence in the Middle East and Europe as a Khagan. He assumed the role of Emperor of China. By 1279, the Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty was completed and Kublai became the first non-Han emperor to unite all of China proper.

The imperial portrait of Kublai was part of an album of the portraits of Yuan emperors and empresses, now in the collection of the National Palace Museum in Taipei. White, the color of the royal costume of Kublai, was the imperial color of the Yuan dynasty.

Read more...: Early years   Victory in North China   Enthronement and civil war   Reign   Great Khan of the Mongols   Emperor of the Yuan dynasty   Scientific developments and relations with minorities   Continuation of the restriction upon some Abrahamic ritual practices   Warfare and foreign relations   Tibet and Xinjiang   Kublais annexation of Goryeo   Further naval expansion   Invasions of Japan   Invasions of Vietnam   Southeast Asia and South Seas   Europe   Africa   Capital City   Xanadu   Nayans rebellion   Later years   Family   Wives and sons   Daughters   Poetry   Legacy   In popular culture  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
元世祖忽必烈(;1215年9月23日 - 1294年),清代乾隆晚期乾隆帝命改譯為呼必賚孛兒只斤氏,元太祖鐵木真之孫,元睿宗拖雷的第四子,母親唆魯禾帖尼的第二子,蒙古帝國大汗,元王朝的建立者。

1260年5月5日在自己的弟弟旭烈兀的支持和封地屬臣的擁立下,自立為大蒙古國大汗,稱大蒙古國皇帝。1271年12月18日,忽必烈改國號為「大元」,建立元朝,成為元朝首任皇帝。忽必烈于1260年5月5日至1276年2月4日自立為汗期間實際統治中國北方及蒙古高原地區屬于蒙古大汗的直轄領地,于1271年12月18日至1294年2月18日作為元朝皇帝統治中國,前後在位34年,作為全中國皇帝在位18年。

1276年2月4日,元軍攻入南宋行都臨安,宋恭帝奉上傳國玉璽和降表,元朝成為全國性政權,但南宋遺臣建立小朝廷繼續抗元。1279年3月19日,南宋海上政權殘餘的最後一支抵抗力量被消滅,元朝統一全中國。

1276年2月4日,宋恭帝在降表中為忽必烈上尊號大元仁明神武皇帝。1284年1月24日,群臣為忽必烈上尊號憲天述道仁文義武大光孝皇帝

去世後,獲諡號聖德神功文武皇帝,廟號世祖,蒙古語尊號薛禪皇帝()。

Read more...: 生平經歷   大蒙古國(蒙古帝國)時期   出生與成長   受到重用   自立為汗   完善官制   元朝時期   建立元朝   統一中國   晚年及逝世   蒙古帝國的分裂   四大汗國的形成   後蒙古時期的黃金家族內戰   政治成就   由大蒙古國過渡到元朝   建立太廟   定都大都   頒定律法   開疆拓土與對外戰爭   重修京杭大運河   尊諡廟號   世祖實錄   家庭   父母   兄弟姐妹   妻妾   子嗣   相關史料   影視作品   評價   注釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

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真金father
中統ruler1260/6/29中統元年五月丙戌1264/8/22中統五年七月辛丑
至元ruler1264/1/31至元元年正月丁丑1295/1/16至元三十一年十二月乙巳

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TextCount
海國圖志4
清史稿1
七修類稿1
日本國志1
清史紀事本末1
明史2
大越史記全書4
保德州志1
宋史紀事本末14
四庫全書總目提要14
廣藝舟雙楫1
北游錄1
元史28
明史紀事本末1
廿二史劄記85
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/276177 [RDF]

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