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-> 孫武

孫武[View] [Edit] [History]

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Sun Tzu ( ; 孫子|p=Sūnzǐ) was a Chinese general, military strategist, writer, and philosopher who lived in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China. Sun Tzu is traditionally credited as the author of The Art of War, an influential work of military strategy that has affected both Western and East Asian philosophy and military thinking. His works focus much more on alternatives to battle, such as stratagem, delay, the use of spies and alternatives to war itself, the making and keeping of alliances, the uses of deceit, and a willingness to submit, at least temporarily, to more powerful foes. Sun Tzu is revered in Chinese and East Asian culture as a legendary historical and military figure. His birth name was Sun Wu (孫武) and he was known outside of his family by his courtesy name Changqing (長卿). The name Sun Tzu by which he is best known in the Western World is an honorific which means "Master Sun".

Sun Tzu's historicity is uncertain. The Han dynasty historian Sima Qian and other traditional Chinese historians placed him as a minister to King Helü of Wu and dated his lifetime to 544–496 BC. Modern scholars accepting his historicity place the extant text of The Art of War in the later Warring States period based on its style of composition and its descriptions of warfare. Traditional accounts state that the general's descendant Sun Bin wrote a treatise on military tactics, also titled The Art of War. Since Sun Wu and Sun Bin were referred to as Sun Tzu in classical Chinese texts, some historians believed them identical, prior to the rediscovery of Sun Bin's treatise in 1972.

Sun Tzu's work has been praised and employed in East Asian warfare since its composition. During the twentieth century, The Art of War grew in popularity and saw practical use in Western society as well. It continues to influence many competitive endeavors in the world, including culture, politics, business and sports, as well as modern warfare.

Read more...: Life   Historicity   The Art of War   Legacy  

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孫武(前544年 - 前470年或前496年),字長卿,春秋時期齊國人,著名軍事家、政治家,兵家代表人物。兵書《孫子兵法》的作者,後人尊稱為孫子兵聖東方兵聖,山東、蘇州等地尚有祀奉孫武的廟宇兵聖廟。其族人為樂安孫氏始祖,次子孫明為富春孫氏始祖。

Read more...: 生平   著書立說   嶄露頭角   吳宮教戰   大破楚軍   助吳稱霸   晚年境遇   子孫軼事   爭議   相關影視作品   相關連結  

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