Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project Data wiki
-> 清

[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:385056

RelationTargetTextual basis
typedynasty
namedefault
name大清
name國朝
authority-wikidataQ8733
link-wikipedia_zh清朝
link-wikipedia_enQing_dynasty
The Qing dynasty or the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was a Manchu-led conquest dynasty and the last dynasty in the imperial history of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China from 1644 to 1912, with a brief restoration in 1917. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The multiethnic Qing empire lasted for almost three centuries and assembled the territorial base for modern China. It was the largest Chinese dynasty and in 1790 the fourth largest empire in world history in terms of territory. With a population of 432 million in 1912, it was the world's most populous country.

In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, leader of the House of Aisin-Gioro and a Ming vassal, began organizing "Banners" which were military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci united clans to create a Manchu ethnic identity and officially proclaimed the Later Jin dynasty in 1616. His son Hong Taiji declared a new dynasty, the Qing, in 1636. As Ming control disintegrated, peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng conquered the Ming capital Beijing in 1644, but Ming general Wu Sangui opened the Shanhai Pass to the armies led by the regent Prince Dorgon, who defeated the rebels and seized the capital. Resistance from the Ming loyalists in the south and the Revolt of the Three Feudatories delayed the complete conquest until 1683. The Kangxi Emperor (1661–1722) consolidated control and carried out the early Qing emperors' program of maintaining Manchu identity, supporting Tibetan Buddhism, while presenting themselves as ideal Confucian rulers. They governed using Confucian bureaucratic institutions, retaining the imperial examinations to recruit Han Chinese to work under or in parallel with the Manchu officials. They also adapted the ideals of the Chinese tributary system in asserting superiority over peripheral countries such as Korea and Vietnam, while extending control over Tibet and Mongolia.

The height of Qing glory and power was reached in the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (1735-1796). He led the Ten Great Campaigns that extended Qing control into Inner Asia and personally supervised Confucian cultural projects. After his death, the dynasty faced , internal revolts, population growth, economic disruption, official corruption, and the reluctance of Confucian elites to change their mindsets. With peace and prosperity, the population rose to some 400 million, but taxes and government revenues were fixed at a low rate, soon leading to fiscal crisis. Following China's defeat in the Opium Wars, European powers led by Great Britain imposed "unequal treaties", free trade, extraterritoriality and treaty ports under foreign control. The Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864) and the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) in Central Asia led to the death of over 20 million people, from famine, disease, and war. The Tongzhi Restoration of the 1860s brought vigorous reforms and the introduction of foreign military technology in the Self-Strengthening Movement. Defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895, led to loss of suzerainty over Korea and cession of Taiwan to Japan. The ambitious Hundred Days' Reform of 1898 proposed fundamental change, but the Empress Dowager Cixi (1835–1908), who had been the dominant voice in the national government for more than three decades, turned it back in a coup.

In 1900 anti-foreign "Boxers" killed many Chinese Christians and foreign missionaries; in retaliation, the foreign powers invaded China and imposed a punitive Boxer Indemnity. In response, the government initiated unprecedented fiscal and administrative reforms, including elections, a new legal code, and abolition of the examination system. Sun Yat-sen and other revolutionaries worked to overthrow the dynasty, while reform officials and constitutional monarchists such as Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao worked to transform the Manchu Empire into a modern Han Chinese nation. After the deaths of the Guangxu Emperor and Cixi in 1908, Manchu conservatives at court blocked reforms and alienated reformers and local elites alike. The Wuchang Uprising on 10 October 1911 led to the Xinhai Revolution. The abdication of Puyi, the last emperor, on 12 February 1912, brought the dynasty to an end. General Yuan Shikai became President of the Republic of China but his attempt to become Emperor ushered in a period of prolonged instability: the Warlord Era.

Read more...: Names   History   Formation of the Manchu state   Nurhaci   Hong Taiji   Claiming the Mandate of Heaven   Kangxi Emperors reign and consolidation   Reigns of the Yongzheng and Qianlong emperors   Rebellion, unrest and external pressure   Self-strengthening and the frustration of reforms   Reform, revolution, collapse   Government   Central government agencies   Administrative divisions   Territorial administration   Military   Society   Population growth and mobility   Statuses in society   Qing gentry   Qing nobility   Family and kinship   Religion   Manchu and imperial religion   Christianity, Judaism, and Islam   Economy   Silver   Urbanization and the proliferation of market-towns   Trade with the West   Science and technology   Arts and culture   Fine arts   Traditional learning and literature   Cuisine   History and memory   Nationalism   New Qing History  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
清朝(1616年2月17日、1636年5月15日或1644年6月5日-1912年2月12日),正式國號為大清(ᡩᠠᡳᠴᡳᠩᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ |v = daicing gurun |a = daiqing gurun),對外使用中國(ᡩᡠᠯᡳᠮᠪᠠᡳᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ|z= dulimbai gurun)、中華大清國大清國大清帝國等名稱,又稱滿清(манж Чин)、皇清,是中國曆史上由滿人建立的一個大一統朝代,亦為中國歷史上最後一個帝制王朝,統治者為起源於明代建州女真的愛新覺羅氏。

滿人源自女真,皇族愛新覺羅氏為建州女真一部,隸屬明朝建州衛管轄之部眾。建州衛是明朝在中國東北南部設立的一個羈縻衛所,屬於明朝邊的羈縻防行政單位,曾隸屬于奴兒幹都司管轄,而愛新覺羅氏世代為建州左衛都指揮使。1616年,女真族人努爾哈赤在今中國東北地區建國稱汗,建立大金(史稱後金),定都赫圖阿拉,又稱為「興京」(今遼寧新賓)。1636年,努爾哈赤的繼承者皇太極在盛京(今瀋陽)稱帝,定國號為「大清」,當時其領土僅止於中國東北及漠南地區,但已對退守長城以南的明朝造成重大威脅。1644年,大順李自成率軍攻陷北京,明朝滅亡。同年,吳三桂部等原明朝殘餘軍隊為對抗李自成而歸降清軍,由此清軍進入山海關內,在擊敗農民軍後遷都北京,並開始大規模南下。其後的數十年時間內,清朝陸續消滅華北殘餘明朝勢力、李自成的大順軍、張獻忠的大西國、南明和明鄭等勢力,統一中國全境。歷經康熙雍正乾隆三帝,清朝的綜合國力及經濟文化逐步得到恢復和發展,統治著遼闊的領土及藩屬國,史稱康雍乾盛世,是清朝發展的高峰時期,亦是中國專制王朝歷史上最輝煌的時期之一。

清朝政治制度基本上沿襲明朝高度權力集中,不設宰相,其最高決策單位隨皇帝的授權而變動,例如議政王大臣會議、軍機處、總理衙門等,除提升行政效率外,也使皇帝能充分掌權。但清朝廷的勤奮也用在嚴苛的法治上,清中期文字獄興盛,若有疑似反清復明的運動與散播被認為不利皇帝的消息,往往會引來冤獄,牽連多人受害。軍事方面,清朝在初期建樹巨大,原先以旗人的八旗軍為核心精銳,龐大的綠營為主力,而後期逐漸以綠營和地方團練如湘軍、淮軍為支柱。清朝領土在歷史上具有重要意義,清初期所進行的陸上與海上擴張,以及對邊疆地區的強而有力的施政,奠定了現代中國所繼承的基本版圖與統治。清極盛時除去對外戰爭暫時佔領的土地,僅實質控制下的領土便達1310萬平方公里,在中國歷史上僅次於元朝,即使在清末也維持1130萬平方公里之巨。政治穩定、廣泛種植新作物與賦稅制度的改變,使得中國人口最後突破以往的平均值,達到四億左右。國內與國外的貿易提升,帶動經濟農業與手工業的發展。

外交接觸方面,除了與周邊東亞國家有往來,當時正值航海時代的歐洲人直接透過海路來與中國貿易和傳教活動,當時主要集中於廣州,不過西方列強在18世紀左右憑藉著工業化的突破,開始大幅拉開國力差距,鴉片戰爭開啟中國近代歷史,使中國從東亞的中心變成列強環伺的國家。列強迫使清廷簽訂不平等條約,以武力獲得在華利益。清朝在抵抗外侮與內憂的同時,也一直處於改革派與守舊派拉鋸的局面。在列強入侵的同時西方科學與文化亦引入中國,讓清朝發起一連串的改革與革命,如洋務運動,促使中國文化的成長與革新。然而甲午戰爭的失敗使改革的努力受到沉重打擊,並使中國國際地位大為降低,列強加速劃分勢力範圍。而其後的維新運動也隨守舊派抵制而告終。在義和團運動排外反列強失敗、引來八國聯軍侵華後,清廷也推動清末新政,雖取得一些成效,但部分內容讓許多立憲派知識分子失望,轉而支持革命。1911年辛亥革命爆發,1912年1月1日中華民國在南京正式成立,同年宣統帝溥儀)於2月12日宣布退位,清朝正式滅亡。

Read more...: 國號   名稱來源   對「中國」一詞的重塑   歷史   後金立國   入關一統   擴張與改制   盛極趨衰   近代開啟   雙改無果   末改難為   走向滅亡   疆域   發源與擴張   極盛疆域   衰退   行政區劃   內地政區   行省   衝繁疲難   土司   東三省   藩部   政治   決策機關   南書房   軍機處   責任內閣   執行機關   刑律   軍事   八旗   綠營   義勇與團練   清末新軍   海軍   民族   漢族政策   西南土司   首崇滿洲   蒙古政策   藏族政策   回部政策   外交   外交機關   藩屬國   海禁與海外貿易   西風東漸   簽訂條約   國旗與國歌   國籍法與「大民族」主義   人口   人口流動   四川地區   東北地區   蒙古地區   西南地區   臺灣地區   新疆地區   海外移民   永不加賦與攤丁入地   人口普查   養老制度   經濟   農業   手工業   商業   貨幣制度   海外貿易   宗教   佛教   道教與民間宗教   伊斯蘭教   基督宗教   文化   學術思想   文學   藝術   科學與技術   天文學與地理學   火器   農業   醫學   數學   建築學與基建   君主列表   註釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelationat-dateat-placefrom-dateto-date
丁愷曾associated-dynasty
丁昌遂associated-dynasty
丁耀亢associated-dynasty
上官章associated-dynasty
上官鉝associated-dynasty
于成龍associated-dynasty
于琳associated-dynasty
仇兆鰲associated-dynasty
仇廷模associated-dynasty
仲宏道associated-dynasty
仲恒associated-dynasty
仲昰保associated-dynasty
任啟運associated-dynasty
任大任associated-dynasty
任德成associated-dynasty
任陳晉associated-dynasty
伍涵芬associated-dynasty
何國材associated-dynasty
何夢瑤associated-dynasty
何天爵associated-dynasty
何屬乾associated-dynasty
何懋永associated-dynasty
何焯associated-dynasty
何琇associated-dynasty
余丙associated-dynasty
余光耿associated-dynasty
余國楨associated-dynasty
余懷associated-dynasty
余熙associated-dynasty
余縉associated-dynasty
余美英associated-dynasty
余蕭客associated-dynasty
佟世南associated-dynasty
佟世思associated-dynasty
佟世男associated-dynasty
佟賦偉associated-dynasty
來鴻雯associated-dynasty
俞森associated-dynasty
俞汝言associated-dynasty
俞益謨associated-dynasty
倪國璉associated-dynasty
倪濤associated-dynasty
倪璠associated-dynasty
倪繼宗associated-dynasty
傅世垚associated-dynasty
傅澤洪associated-dynasty
傅燮詷associated-dynasty
傅王露associated-dynasty
傅禹associated-dynasty
傅維枟associated-dynasty
傅維鱗associated-dynasty
僧元賢associated-dynasty
僧大然associated-dynasty
僧實行associated-dynasty
僧性制associated-dynasty
僧智藏associated-dynasty
儲大文associated-dynasty
儲掌文associated-dynasty
儲欣associated-dynasty
冉覲祖associated-dynasty
冒襄associated-dynasty
冷士嵋associated-dynasty
凌去盈associated-dynasty
凌銘麟associated-dynasty
刁包associated-dynasty
劉世衢associated-dynasty
劉之份associated-dynasty
劉以貴associated-dynasty
劉元燮associated-dynasty
劉元龍associated-dynasty
劉凝associated-dynasty
劉吳龍associated-dynasty
劉命清associated-dynasty
劉夢鵬associated-dynasty
劉天真associated-dynasty
劉子壯associated-dynasty
劉宗魏associated-dynasty
劉廷璣associated-dynasty
劉應棠associated-dynasty
劉懷志associated-dynasty
劉斯組associated-dynasty
劉智associated-dynasty
劉源淥associated-dynasty
劉源長associated-dynasty
劉然associated-dynasty
劉爾𢤫associated-dynasty
劉琯associated-dynasty
劉琴associated-dynasty
劉紹攽associated-dynasty
劉維謙associated-dynasty
劉臣敬associated-dynasty
劉蔭樞associated-dynasty
劉醇驥associated-dynasty
劉青芝associated-dynasty
劉青蓮associated-dynasty
劉青藜associated-dynasty
劉青霞associated-dynasty
劉風起associated-dynasty
劉餘祐associated-dynasty
劉體仁associated-dynasty
劉鳴珂associated-dynasty
勞史associated-dynasty
勞大輿associated-dynasty
勞孝輿associated-dynasty
勞巁associated-dynasty
包儀associated-dynasty
南懷仁associated-dynasty
卞永譽associated-dynasty
印光任associated-dynasty
原良associated-dynasty
厲鶚associated-dynasty
史既濟associated-dynasty
史榮associated-dynasty
史珥associated-dynasty
史申義associated-dynasty
史白associated-dynasty
史簡associated-dynasty
史調associated-dynasty
向德星associated-dynasty
吳世尚associated-dynasty
吳之振associated-dynasty
吳之騄associated-dynasty
吳任臣associated-dynasty
吳偉業associated-dynasty
吳儀洛associated-dynasty
吳允嘉associated-dynasty
吳兆宜associated-dynasty
吳兆騫associated-dynasty
吳台碩associated-dynasty
吳啟昆associated-dynasty
吳嘉紀associated-dynasty
吳國縉associated-dynasty
吳存禮associated-dynasty
吳季長associated-dynasty
吳守一associated-dynasty
吳定璋associated-dynasty
吳寶芝associated-dynasty
吳廷楨associated-dynasty
吳廷華associated-dynasty
吳德信associated-dynasty
吳應申associated-dynasty
吳懋謙associated-dynasty
吳映associated-dynasty
吳景旭associated-dynasty
吳暻associated-dynasty
吳殳associated-dynasty
吳汝惺associated-dynasty
吳浩associated-dynasty
吳淇associated-dynasty
吳玉搢associated-dynasty
吳琠associated-dynasty
吳璇associated-dynasty
吳瞻泰associated-dynasty
吳祖修associated-dynasty
吳秋士associated-dynasty
吳綏associated-dynasty
吳綺associated-dynasty
吳肅公associated-dynasty
吳脈鬯associated-dynasty
吳舒鳧associated-dynasty
吳蓮associated-dynasty
吳見思associated-dynasty
吳起元associated-dynasty
吳闡思associated-dynasty
吳陳琰associated-dynasty
吳隆元associated-dynasty
吳雯associated-dynasty
吳雲associated-dynasty
吳震方associated-dynasty
吳騫associated-dynasty
吳鼎associated-dynasty
吳鼐associated-dynasty
呂履恆associated-dynasty
呂治平associated-dynasty
呂種玉associated-dynasty
呂謙恒associated-dynasty
呂陽associated-dynasty
周世樟associated-dynasty
周世金associated-dynasty
周京associated-dynasty
周在延associated-dynasty
周在浚associated-dynasty
周城associated-dynasty
周大樞associated-dynasty
周宗濂associated-dynasty
周宣智associated-dynasty
周宣猷associated-dynasty
周斯盛associated-dynasty
周模associated-dynasty
周池associated-dynasty
周漁associated-dynasty
周燦associated-dynasty
周綸associated-dynasty
周茂源associated-dynasty
周象明associated-dynasty
周金然associated-dynasty
周銘associated-dynasty
周長發associated-dynasty
周靖associated-dynasty
周魯associated-dynasty
唐一麟associated-dynasty
唐之鳳associated-dynasty
唐夢賚associated-dynasty
唐甄associated-dynasty
唐紹祖associated-dynasty
唐靖associated-dynasty
商盤associated-dynasty
喬大凱associated-dynasty
喬萊associated-dynasty
單隆周associated-dynasty
喻昌associated-dynasty
喻昌associated-dynasty
嚴啟隆associated-dynasty
嚴虞惇associated-dynasty
嚴遂成associated-dynasty
圖理琛associated-dynasty
夏之符associated-dynasty
夏力恕associated-dynasty
夏基associated-dynasty
夏大霖associated-dynasty
夏宗瀾associated-dynasty
夏振翼associated-dynasty
夏敦仁associated-dynasty
夏熙臣associated-dynasty
夏駰associated-dynasty
大汕associated-dynasty
姚世鈺associated-dynasty
姚之駰associated-dynasty
姚培謙associated-dynasty
姚夔associated-dynasty
姚孔𨬔associated-dynasty
姚宏緒associated-dynasty
姚炳associated-dynasty
姚球associated-dynasty
姚際恆associated-dynasty
姜中貞associated-dynasty
姜兆錫associated-dynasty
姜宸英associated-dynasty
姜希轍associated-dynasty
姜文燦associated-dynasty
姜日章associated-dynasty
姜炳璋associated-dynasty
姜紹書associated-dynasty
姜虬綠associated-dynasty
孔尚任associated-dynasty
孔尚質associated-dynasty
孔貞瑄associated-dynasty
季嫻associated-dynasty
孫之騄associated-dynasty
孫元衡associated-dynasty
孫光祀associated-dynasty
孫勷associated-dynasty
孫嘉淦associated-dynasty
孫夢逵associated-dynasty
孫奇逢associated-dynasty
孫宗彞associated-dynasty
孫廷銓associated-dynasty
孫從添associated-dynasty
孫承澤associated-dynasty
孫枝蔚associated-dynasty
孫治associated-dynasty
孫濩孫associated-dynasty
孫爽associated-dynasty
孫琮associated-dynasty
孫翔associated-dynasty
孫自務associated-dynasty
孫致彌associated-dynasty
孫蕙associated-dynasty
孫見龍associated-dynasty
孫鋐associated-dynasty
孫鍾瑞associated-dynasty
孫默associated-dynasty
安世鼎associated-dynasty
安箕associated-dynasty
安致遠associated-dynasty
宋士宗associated-dynasty
宋廣業associated-dynasty
宋弼associated-dynasty
宋徵輿associated-dynasty
宋曹associated-dynasty
宋犖associated-dynasty
宋琬associated-dynasty
宋至associated-dynasty
宋邦綏associated-dynasty
宋長白associated-dynasty
宋際associated-dynasty
完顏和素associated-dynasty
宗元鼎associated-dynasty
宮夢仁associated-dynasty
尤侗associated-dynasty
屈復associated-dynasty
屠文漪associated-dynasty
屠粹忠associated-dynasty
崔紀associated-dynasty
崔維雅associated-dynasty
嵇宗孟associated-dynasty
嵇永仁associated-dynasty
左宰associated-dynasty
帥仍祖associated-dynasty
帥家相associated-dynasty
帥念祖associated-dynasty
帥我associated-dynasty
席啟圖associated-dynasty
康偉然associated-dynasty
康呂賜associated-dynasty
廖文英associated-dynasty
廖騰煃associated-dynasty
張丹associated-dynasty
張仁浹associated-dynasty
張仁熙associated-dynasty
張伯行associated-dynasty
張倬associated-dynasty
張元associated-dynasty
張勇associated-dynasty
張吳曼associated-dynasty
張問達associated-dynasty
張坦associated-dynasty
張夏associated-dynasty
張大純associated-dynasty
張學禮associated-dynasty
張安茂associated-dynasty
張完臣associated-dynasty
張尚瑗associated-dynasty
張履祥associated-dynasty
張岱associated-dynasty
張崇德associated-dynasty
張希良associated-dynasty
張庚associated-dynasty
張廷玉associated-dynasty
張弨associated-dynasty
張彥士associated-dynasty
張德純associated-dynasty
張必剛associated-dynasty
張怡associated-dynasty
張敘associated-dynasty
張文嘉associated-dynasty
張文檒associated-dynasty
張文炳associated-dynasty
張文瑞associated-dynasty
張星徽associated-dynasty
張時泰associated-dynasty
張時為associated-dynasty
張晉associated-dynasty
張暘associated-dynasty
張棠associated-dynasty
張榕端associated-dynasty
張榮associated-dynasty
張步瀛associated-dynasty
張沐associated-dynasty
張泰交associated-dynasty
張湄associated-dynasty
張溍associated-dynasty
張潮associated-dynasty
張烈associated-dynasty
張爾岐associated-dynasty
張玉書associated-dynasty
張璐associated-dynasty
張璐associated-dynasty
張璿associated-dynasty
張登associated-dynasty
張祖年associated-dynasty
張祖武associated-dynasty
張端木associated-dynasty
張篤慶associated-dynasty
張紫芝associated-dynasty
張習孔associated-dynasty
張聖誥associated-dynasty
張能鱗associated-dynasty
張自超associated-dynasty
張若羲associated-dynasty
張英associated-dynasty
張萬壽associated-dynasty
張萬選associated-dynasty
張蘭皋associated-dynasty
張行言associated-dynasty
張貞associated-dynasty
張貞生associated-dynasty
張遠associated-dynasty
張遠associated-dynasty
張錫爵associated-dynasty
張鏐associated-dynasty
張體乾associated-dynasty
張鵬翮associated-dynasty
張鵬翼associated-dynasty
彭任associated-dynasty
彭其位associated-dynasty
彭孫遹associated-dynasty
彭定求associated-dynasty
彭寧求associated-dynasty
彭師度associated-dynasty
彭紹謙associated-dynasty
彭而述associated-dynasty
彭賓associated-dynasty
彭遵泗associated-dynasty
彭開祐associated-dynasty
彭鵬associated-dynasty
徐世沐associated-dynasty
徐世溥associated-dynasty
徐乾學associated-dynasty
徐以升associated-dynasty
徐以泰associated-dynasty
徐倬associated-dynasty
徐善associated-dynasty
徐喈鳳associated-dynasty
徐嘉炎associated-dynasty
徐在漢associated-dynasty
徐基associated-dynasty
徐增associated-dynasty
徐士俊associated-dynasty
徐大椿associated-dynasty
徐崧associated-dynasty
徐庭垣associated-dynasty
徐志莘associated-dynasty
徐志遴associated-dynasty
徐懷祖associated-dynasty
徐振芳associated-dynasty
徐文靖associated-dynasty
徐文駒associated-dynasty
徐昂發associated-dynasty
徐昭華associated-dynasty
徐沁associated-dynasty
徐泌associated-dynasty
徐用錫associated-dynasty
徐繼發associated-dynasty
徐葆光associated-dynasty
徐谼associated-dynasty
徐賓associated-dynasty
徐越associated-dynasty
徐釚associated-dynasty
徐鐸associated-dynasty
徐開錫associated-dynasty
惠周惕associated-dynasty
惠士奇associated-dynasty
惠棟associated-dynasty
應撝謙associated-dynasty
應是associated-dynasty
應麟associated-dynasty
懷應聘associated-dynasty
戈守智associated-dynasty
成克鞏associated-dynasty
成端人associated-dynasty
戚玾associated-dynasty
戴天恩associated-dynasty
戴天章associated-dynasty
戴虞皋associated-dynasty
戴鋐associated-dynasty
提橋associated-dynasty
揭暄associated-dynasty
文行遠associated-dynasty
方中履associated-dynasty
方中德associated-dynasty
方中通associated-dynasty
方士潁associated-dynasty
方式濟associated-dynasty
方楘如associated-dynasty
方殿元associated-dynasty
方苞associated-dynasty
方葇如associated-dynasty
方覲associated-dynasty
方觀承associated-dynasty
方象瑛associated-dynasty
方鯤associated-dynasty
施何牧associated-dynasty
施瑮associated-dynasty
施男associated-dynasty
施閏章associated-dynasty
施鴻associated-dynasty
易學實associated-dynasty
晏斯盛associated-dynasty
景日昣associated-dynasty
曹一士associated-dynasty
曹亮武associated-dynasty
曹寅associated-dynasty
曹庭棟associated-dynasty
曹本榮associated-dynasty
曹溶associated-dynasty
曹炳曾associated-dynasty
曹無極associated-dynasty
曹煐曾associated-dynasty
曹煜曾associated-dynasty
曹熙衡associated-dynasty
曹爾成associated-dynasty
曹貞吉associated-dynasty
曹錫淑associated-dynasty
本果associated-dynasty
朱世潤associated-dynasty
朱之錫associated-dynasty
朱元英associated-dynasty
朱嘉徵associated-dynasty
朱奇穎associated-dynasty
朱奇齡associated-dynasty
朱如日associated-dynasty
朱宏祚associated-dynasty
朱宗洛associated-dynasty
朱廷燝associated-dynasty
朱建子associated-dynasty
朱彜尊associated-dynasty
朱搴associated-dynasty
朱昆田associated-dynasty
朱栗夷associated-dynasty
朱樟associated-dynasty
朱江associated-dynasty
朱澤澐associated-dynasty
朱璘associated-dynasty
朱瓚associated-dynasty
朱直associated-dynasty
朱約淳associated-dynasty
朱綱associated-dynasty
朱緗associated-dynasty
朱董祥associated-dynasty
朱虛associated-dynasty
朱襄associated-dynasty
朱謹associated-dynasty
朱象賢associated-dynasty
朱軾associated-dynasty
朱顯祖associated-dynasty
朱鶴齡associated-dynasty
李丕則associated-dynasty
李之素associated-dynasty
李之芳associated-dynasty
李京associated-dynasty
李仙根associated-dynasty
李來泰associated-dynasty
李來章associated-dynasty
李元鼎associated-dynasty
李光地associated-dynasty
李光坡associated-dynasty
李光暎associated-dynasty
李呈祥associated-dynasty
李周望associated-dynasty
李因篤associated-dynasty
李塨associated-dynasty
李大濬associated-dynasty
李天植associated-dynasty
李子金associated-dynasty
李孚青associated-dynasty
李學孔associated-dynasty
李寅associated-dynasty
李念慈associated-dynasty
李慶長associated-dynasty
李振裕associated-dynasty
李文來associated-dynasty
李文淵associated-dynasty
李文炤associated-dynasty
李果associated-dynasty
李根associated-dynasty
李標associated-dynasty
李清馥associated-dynasty
李澄中associated-dynasty
李瀅associated-dynasty
李灼associated-dynasty
李煥章associated-dynasty
李符associated-dynasty
李紱associated-dynasty
李繩遠associated-dynasty
李良年associated-dynasty
李茹旻associated-dynasty
李蕃associated-dynasty
李遠associated-dynasty
李鄴嗣associated-dynasty
李重華associated-dynasty
李鍇associated-dynasty
李鍾倫associated-dynasty
李鍾僑associated-dynasty
李鍾峩associated-dynasty
李鍾璧associated-dynasty
李開先associated-dynasty
李集鳳associated-dynasty
李霨associated-dynasty
李顒associated-dynasty
李鳳雛associated-dynasty
李麟光associated-dynasty
杜知耕associated-dynasty
杜臻associated-dynasty
杜詔associated-dynasty
杜越associated-dynasty
杭世駿associated-dynasty
林仲懿associated-dynasty
林佶associated-dynasty
林侗associated-dynasty
林其茂associated-dynasty
林堯光associated-dynasty
林堯華associated-dynasty
林尚葵associated-dynasty
林本裕associated-dynasty
林謙光associated-dynasty
林贊龍associated-dynasty
林雲銘associated-dynasty
林麟焻associated-dynasty
查克宏associated-dynasty
查嗣瑮associated-dynasty
查慎行associated-dynasty
查祥associated-dynasty
查繼超associated-dynasty
柯願associated-dynasty
柴紹炳associated-dynasty
桑調元associated-dynasty
梁份associated-dynasty
梁佩蘭associated-dynasty
梁善長associated-dynasty
梁春暉associated-dynasty
梁機associated-dynasty
梁清標associated-dynasty
梁清遠associated-dynasty
梁維樞associated-dynasty
梁萬方associated-dynasty
梅文鼎associated-dynasty
梅文鼏associated-dynasty
梅清associated-dynasty
楊兆魯associated-dynasty
楊名時associated-dynasty
楊士聰associated-dynasty
楊屾associated-dynasty
楊思聖associated-dynasty
楊慶associated-dynasty
楊捷associated-dynasty
楊擁associated-dynasty
楊文源associated-dynasty
楊方晃associated-dynasty
楊方達associated-dynasty
楊素蘊associated-dynasty
楊繩武associated-dynasty
楊補associated-dynasty
楊錫紱associated-dynasty
楊錫觀associated-dynasty
楊陸榮associated-dynasty
楊雍建associated-dynasty
楊魁植associated-dynasty
樊騰鳳associated-dynasty
武之望associated-dynasty
段汝霖associated-dynasty
毛先舒associated-dynasty
毛奇齡associated-dynasty
毛德琦associated-dynasty
毛羽宸associated-dynasty
毛際可associated-dynasty
毛霦associated-dynasty
江之蘭associated-dynasty
江八斗associated-dynasty
江德中associated-dynasty
江昱associated-dynasty
江永associated-dynasty
江為龍associated-dynasty
江蘩associated-dynasty
江見龍associated-dynasty
汪价associated-dynasty
汪基associated-dynasty
汪士漢associated-dynasty
汪士鋐associated-dynasty
汪憲associated-dynasty
汪懋麟associated-dynasty
汪文柏associated-dynasty
汪晉徵associated-dynasty
汪森associated-dynasty
汪楫associated-dynasty
汪淇associated-dynasty
汪漢謀associated-dynasty
汪灝associated-dynasty
汪為熹associated-dynasty
汪琬associated-dynasty
汪璲associated-dynasty
汪由敦associated-dynasty
汪立名associated-dynasty
汪紱associated-dynasty
汪縉associated-dynasty
汪舸associated-dynasty
汪越associated-dynasty
沈佳associated-dynasty
沈元滄associated-dynasty
沈光曾associated-dynasty
沈光邦associated-dynasty
沈名蓀associated-dynasty
沈季友associated-dynasty
沈岸登associated-dynasty
沈峻曾associated-dynasty
沈廷勱associated-dynasty
沈廷芳associated-dynasty
沈彤associated-dynasty
沈心associated-dynasty
沈志禮associated-dynasty
沈愷曾associated-dynasty
沈昌基associated-dynasty
沈淑associated-dynasty
沈炳巽associated-dynasty
沈炳震associated-dynasty
沈珩associated-dynasty
沈用濟associated-dynasty
沈祖惠associated-dynasty
沈翼機associated-dynasty
沈自南associated-dynasty
沈虹associated-dynasty
沈起associated-dynasty
沈起元associated-dynasty
沈雄associated-dynasty
沈鼐associated-dynasty
沙張白associated-dynasty
法若真associated-dynasty
洪若皋associated-dynasty
浦起龍associated-dynasty
浦起龍associated-dynasty
浦龍淵associated-dynasty
涂天相associated-dynasty
游藝associated-dynasty
湯之錡associated-dynasty
湯來賀associated-dynasty
湯右曾associated-dynasty
湯啟祚associated-dynasty
湯奕瑞associated-dynasty
湯斌associated-dynasty
湯斯祚associated-dynasty
湯秀琦associated-dynasty
潘元懋associated-dynasty
潘咸associated-dynasty
潘士權associated-dynasty
潘天成associated-dynasty
潘安禮associated-dynasty
潘宗洛associated-dynasty
潘廷章associated-dynasty
潘思榘associated-dynasty
潘永因associated-dynasty
潘永圜associated-dynasty
潘繼善associated-dynasty
潘耒associated-dynasty
潘遂先associated-dynasty
潘鍾麟associated-dynasty
潘鼎珪associated-dynasty
焦映漢associated-dynasty
焦袁熹associated-dynasty
熊伯龍associated-dynasty
熊士伯associated-dynasty
熊文登associated-dynasty
熊賜履associated-dynasty
牛天宿associated-dynasty
牛運震associated-dynasty
王世睿associated-dynasty
王之珩associated-dynasty
王之績associated-dynasty
王九齡associated-dynasty
王企埥associated-dynasty
王修玉associated-dynasty
王俶associated-dynasty
王元復associated-dynasty
王功associated-dynasty
王原associated-dynasty
王又樸associated-dynasty
王又華associated-dynasty
王命岳associated-dynasty
王喆生associated-dynasty
王嗣槐associated-dynasty
王國瑚associated-dynasty
王坦associated-dynasty
王士俊associated-dynasty
王士祜associated-dynasty
王士祿associated-dynasty
王士禛associated-dynasty
王士禧associated-dynasty
王士陵associated-dynasty
王夢白associated-dynasty
王夫之associated-dynasty
王奐曾associated-dynasty
王子接associated-dynasty
王孝詠associated-dynasty
王宏撰associated-dynasty
王寵associated-dynasty
王岱associated-dynasty
王峻associated-dynasty
王崇炳associated-dynasty
王崇簡associated-dynasty
王庭associated-dynasty
王廷燦associated-dynasty
王建常associated-dynasty
王建衡associated-dynasty
王式丹associated-dynasty
王得一associated-dynasty
王復禮associated-dynasty
王心敬associated-dynasty
王懋竑associated-dynasty
王戩associated-dynasty
王承烈associated-dynasty
王文清associated-dynasty
王明弼associated-dynasty
王明德associated-dynasty
王時憲associated-dynasty
王時翔associated-dynasty
王晫associated-dynasty
王曰高associated-dynasty
王曾祥associated-dynasty
王梓associated-dynasty
王植associated-dynasty
王概associated-dynasty
王步青associated-dynasty
王毓賢associated-dynasty
王沛恂associated-dynasty
王源associated-dynasty
王澍associated-dynasty
王澤宏associated-dynasty
王熙associated-dynasty
王珻associated-dynasty
王琦associated-dynasty
王琬associated-dynasty
王甡associated-dynasty
王相associated-dynasty
王祚禎associated-dynasty
王維德associated-dynasty
王繩曾associated-dynasty
王翃associated-dynasty
王艮associated-dynasty
王芝藻associated-dynasty
王芝蘭associated-dynasty
王萬澍associated-dynasty
王蓍associated-dynasty
王訓associated-dynasty
王輔銘associated-dynasty
王道associated-dynasty
王鉞associated-dynasty
王錟associated-dynasty
王錫闡associated-dynasty
王鍾毅associated-dynasty
王頊齡associated-dynasty
王顥associated-dynasty
王餘佑associated-dynasty
王𥋌associated-dynasty
田同之associated-dynasty
田嘉榖associated-dynasty
田嘉穀associated-dynasty
田從典associated-dynasty
田文鏡associated-dynasty
田肇麗associated-dynasty
田茂遇associated-dynasty
田雯associated-dynasty
田霡associated-dynasty
申涵光associated-dynasty
申爾宣associated-dynasty
申頲associated-dynasty
畢振姬associated-dynasty
畢曰澪associated-dynasty
白乃貞associated-dynasty
白允謙associated-dynasty
盛世佐associated-dynasty
盛楓associated-dynasty
盧元昌associated-dynasty
盧崇興associated-dynasty
盧軒associated-dynasty
盧雲英associated-dynasty
石璜associated-dynasty
石龐associated-dynasty
祝洤associated-dynasty
秘丕笈associated-dynasty
秦坊associated-dynasty
秦文淵associated-dynasty
秦望associated-dynasty
秦松齡associated-dynasty
秦蕙田associated-dynasty
秦鏡associated-dynasty
程允基associated-dynasty
程元愈associated-dynasty
程哲associated-dynasty
程嗣章associated-dynasty
程夢星associated-dynasty
程大中associated-dynasty
程大純associated-dynasty
程川associated-dynasty
程庭associated-dynasty
程廷祚associated-dynasty
程德洽associated-dynasty
程正揆associated-dynasty
竇克勤associated-dynasty
竇文炳associated-dynasty
竇遴奇associated-dynasty
章撫功associated-dynasty
章楹associated-dynasty
章金牧associated-dynasty
童能靈associated-dynasty
端木縉associated-dynasty
管棆associated-dynasty
範光陽associated-dynasty
紀克揚associated-dynasty
紀容舒associated-dynasty
紀昭associated-dynasty
納蘭性德associated-dynasty
羅人琮associated-dynasty
羅森associated-dynasty
羅登標associated-dynasty
羅登選associated-dynasty
翁漢麐associated-dynasty
翁澍associated-dynasty
翟均廉associated-dynasty
翟鳳翥associated-dynasty
耿人龍associated-dynasty
耿介associated-dynasty
聶先associated-dynasty
聶芳聲associated-dynasty
聶鈫associated-dynasty
胡世安associated-dynasty
胡亦堂associated-dynasty
胡亶associated-dynasty
胡作柄associated-dynasty
胡在甪associated-dynasty
胡夏客associated-dynasty
胡彥昇associated-dynasty
胡掄associated-dynasty
胡文學associated-dynasty
胡時忠associated-dynasty
胡會恩associated-dynasty
胡正言associated-dynasty
胡浚associated-dynasty
胡淳associated-dynasty
胡渭associated-dynasty
胡煦associated-dynasty
胡統虞associated-dynasty
胡與高associated-dynasty
胡良顯associated-dynasty
胡鳴玉associated-dynasty
自融associated-dynasty
舒敬亭associated-dynasty
芮長恤associated-dynasty
范凝鼎associated-dynasty
范咸associated-dynasty
范士楫associated-dynasty
范家相associated-dynasty
范承勳associated-dynasty
范承謨associated-dynasty
范爾梅associated-dynasty
范纘associated-dynasty
范良associated-dynasty
范芳associated-dynasty
范鎬鼎associated-dynasty
范青associated-dynasty
茅星來associated-dynasty
莊亨陽associated-dynasty
莊履豐associated-dynasty
莊綸渭associated-dynasty
莊臻鳳associated-dynasty
莫宏勲associated-dynasty
華學泉associated-dynasty
華希閔associated-dynasty
華玉淳associated-dynasty
萇仕周associated-dynasty
萬光泰associated-dynasty
萬斯同associated-dynasty
萬斯大associated-dynasty
萬樹associated-dynasty
萬正色associated-dynasty
萬經associated-dynasty
葉封associated-dynasty
葉方恆associated-dynasty
葉映榴associated-dynasty
葉桂associated-dynasty
葉燮associated-dynasty
葉矯然associated-dynasty
葉萬associated-dynasty
葉酉associated-dynasty
葉鉁associated-dynasty
葛芝associated-dynasty
葛萬里associated-dynasty
葛震associated-dynasty
董訥associated-dynasty
董豐垣associated-dynasty
蔡世遠associated-dynasty
蔡含生associated-dynasty
蔡士英associated-dynasty
蔡德晉associated-dynasty
蔡憲陞associated-dynasty
蔡方炳associated-dynasty
蔡洛associated-dynasty
蔣中和associated-dynasty
蔣伊associated-dynasty
蔣宏任associated-dynasty
蔣家駒associated-dynasty
蔣廷錫associated-dynasty
蔣永修associated-dynasty
蔣維鈞associated-dynasty
蔣超associated-dynasty
蔣錫震associated-dynasty
蔣驥associated-dynasty
蔣麟昌associated-dynasty
蕭企昭associated-dynasty
蕭正發associated-dynasty
蕭雲從associated-dynasty
蕭韻associated-dynasty
薛大訓associated-dynasty
薛所蘊associated-dynasty
薛熙associated-dynasty
薛雪associated-dynasty
薛鳳祚associated-dynasty
藍潤associated-dynasty
藍鼎元associated-dynasty
蘇本潔associated-dynasty
蘇銑associated-dynasty
虞德升associated-dynasty
虞楷associated-dynasty
衛執穀associated-dynasty
袁仁林associated-dynasty
袁定遠associated-dynasty
袁棟associated-dynasty
裘若宏associated-dynasty
裴希度associated-dynasty
褚峻摹associated-dynasty
計東associated-dynasty
許三禮associated-dynasty
許伯政associated-dynasty
許尚質associated-dynasty
許昌國associated-dynasty
許汝霖associated-dynasty
許焞associated-dynasty
許纘曾associated-dynasty
許虯associated-dynasty
許體元associated-dynasty
談遷associated-dynasty
諸匡鼎associated-dynasty
諸紹禹associated-dynasty
諸錦associated-dynasty
謝乃實associated-dynasty
謝復茪associated-dynasty
謝文洊associated-dynasty
謝賓王associated-dynasty
謝起龍associated-dynasty
謝道承associated-dynasty
謝重輝associated-dynasty
譚吉璁associated-dynasty
譚旭associated-dynasty
譚瑄associated-dynasty
谷應泰associated-dynasty
貢渭濱associated-dynasty
費密associated-dynasty
費緯裪associated-dynasty
費錫璜associated-dynasty
賀裳associated-dynasty
賀貽孫associated-dynasty
賈棠associated-dynasty
賴以邠associated-dynasty
賴鯤升associated-dynasty
趙一清associated-dynasty
趙世對associated-dynasty
趙世迴associated-dynasty
趙俞associated-dynasty
趙吉士associated-dynasty
趙善慶associated-dynasty
趙執信associated-dynasty
趙執端associated-dynasty
趙士麟associated-dynasty
趙寧associated-dynasty
趙振芳associated-dynasty
趙殿成associated-dynasty
趙燦英associated-dynasty
趙申喬associated-dynasty
趙瞻associated-dynasty
趙繼序associated-dynasty
邊連寶associated-dynasty
邱俊associated-dynasty
邱元復associated-dynasty
邱嘉穗associated-dynasty
邱峻associated-dynasty
邱鍾仁associated-dynasty
邵元龍associated-dynasty
邵向榮associated-dynasty
邵嗣堯associated-dynasty
邵廷採associated-dynasty
邵昂霄associated-dynasty
邵晉之associated-dynasty
邵泰衢associated-dynasty
邵燈associated-dynasty
邵璸associated-dynasty
邵遠平associated-dynasty
邵長蘅associated-dynasty
邵齊燾associated-dynasty
郁文初associated-dynasty
郎廷極associated-dynasty
郎遂associated-dynasty
郜坦associated-dynasty
郜煜associated-dynasty
郝惟訥associated-dynasty
郭倫associated-dynasty
郭兆奎associated-dynasty
郭景昌associated-dynasty
郭棻associated-dynasty
郭琇associated-dynasty
郭起元associated-dynasty
都四德associated-dynasty
鄒一桂associated-dynasty
鄒統魯associated-dynasty
鄧廷羅associated-dynasty
鄧志謨associated-dynasty
鄧汝功associated-dynasty
鄧漢儀associated-dynasty
鄧鍾岳associated-dynasty
鄭之僑associated-dynasty
鄭元慶associated-dynasty
鄭光羲associated-dynasty
鄭國器associated-dynasty
鄭宗圭associated-dynasty
鄭文炳associated-dynasty
鄭方坤associated-dynasty
鄭日奎associated-dynasty
鄭梁associated-dynasty
鄭爾垣associated-dynasty
鄭王臣associated-dynasty
鄭端associated-dynasty
鄭端associated-dynasty
鄭與僑associated-dynasty
鄭賡唐associated-dynasty
鄭道明associated-dynasty
鄭重associated-dynasty
釋元奇associated-dynasty
釋同揆associated-dynasty
釋定暠associated-dynasty
釋山止associated-dynasty
釋德基associated-dynasty
釋淨溥associated-dynasty
金之俊associated-dynasty
金侃associated-dynasty
金友理associated-dynasty
金張associated-dynasty
金德嘉associated-dynasty
金敞associated-dynasty
金甌associated-dynasty
金綎associated-dynasty
金綎associated-dynasty
金維寧associated-dynasty
金誠associated-dynasty
金農associated-dynasty
鈕琇associated-dynasty
錢人麟associated-dynasty
錢以塏associated-dynasty
錢偲associated-dynasty
錢尚衡associated-dynasty
錢曾associated-dynasty
錢澄之associated-dynasty
錢肅潤associated-dynasty
錢邦寅associated-dynasty
錢邦芑associated-dynasty
鍾淵映associated-dynasty
閔元衢associated-dynasty
閔則哲associated-dynasty
閔嗣同associated-dynasty
閔敘associated-dynasty
閔麟嗣associated-dynasty
閔齊伋associated-dynasty
閻廷謨associated-dynasty
閻循觀associated-dynasty
閻若璩associated-dynasty
陳世仁associated-dynasty
陳之遴associated-dynasty
陳倫烱associated-dynasty
陳儀associated-dynasty
陳允衡associated-dynasty
陳允錫associated-dynasty
陳元龍associated-dynasty
陳兆成associated-dynasty
陳兆成associated-dynasty
陳厚耀associated-dynasty
陳名夏associated-dynasty
陳啟源associated-dynasty
陳圖associated-dynasty
陳增新associated-dynasty
陳士鐸associated-dynasty
陳士鑛associated-dynasty
陳夢雷associated-dynasty
陳大章associated-dynasty
陳奕禧associated-dynasty
陳宏緒associated-dynasty
陳宏謀associated-dynasty
陳履中associated-dynasty
陳廷敬associated-dynasty
陳忱associated-dynasty
陳恂associated-dynasty
陳應選associated-dynasty
陳應麐associated-dynasty
陳撰associated-dynasty
陳文在associated-dynasty
陳文藻associated-dynasty
陳景雲associated-dynasty
陳法associated-dynasty
陳澍associated-dynasty
陳炳associated-dynasty
陳玉璂associated-dynasty
陳瑚associated-dynasty
陳瑸associated-dynasty
陳祖范associated-dynasty
陳祖銘associated-dynasty
陳祚明associated-dynasty
陳祥裔associated-dynasty
陳策associated-dynasty
陳維崧associated-dynasty
陳綽associated-dynasty
陳至言associated-dynasty
陳芳生associated-dynasty
陳萬策associated-dynasty
陳訏associated-dynasty
陳詵associated-dynasty
陳軾associated-dynasty
陳道associated-dynasty
陳邦彥associated-dynasty
陳鋐associated-dynasty
陳錫嘏associated-dynasty
陳鵬年associated-dynasty
陳鶴齡associated-dynasty
陳鼎associated-dynasty
陶圻associated-dynasty
陶孚尹associated-dynasty
陶季associated-dynasty
陶成associated-dynasty
陶敬益associated-dynasty
陶越associated-dynasty
陸世儀associated-dynasty
陸位時associated-dynasty
陸圻associated-dynasty
陸奎勲associated-dynasty
陸廷燦associated-dynasty
陸次雲associated-dynasty
陸求可associated-dynasty
陸浩associated-dynasty
陸祚蕃associated-dynasty
陸繁弨associated-dynasty
陸葇associated-dynasty
陸邦烈associated-dynasty
陸隴其associated-dynasty
雷士俊associated-dynasty
雷鋐associated-dynasty
靳輔associated-dynasty
韓作棟associated-dynasty
韓純玉associated-dynasty
韓菼associated-dynasty
項玉筍associated-dynasty
顏元associated-dynasty
顏光敏associated-dynasty
顏肇維associated-dynasty
顧嗣立associated-dynasty
顧圖河associated-dynasty
顧士璉associated-dynasty
顧夢游associated-dynasty
顧大申associated-dynasty
顧奎光associated-dynasty
顧成天associated-dynasty
顧成天associated-dynasty
顧昌祚associated-dynasty
顧昺associated-dynasty
顧景星associated-dynasty
顧有孝associated-dynasty
顧棟高associated-dynasty
顧炎武associated-dynasty
顧藹吉associated-dynasty
顧貞觀associated-dynasty
顧鎮associated-dynasty
顧陳垿associated-dynasty
饒一辛associated-dynasty
馬元儀associated-dynasty
馬瀚associated-dynasty
馬符錄associated-dynasty
馬維翰associated-dynasty
馬長淑associated-dynasty
馬駉associated-dynasty
馬驌associated-dynasty
馮協一associated-dynasty
馮如京associated-dynasty
馮廷櫆associated-dynasty
馮昌臨associated-dynasty
馮李驊associated-dynasty
馮溥associated-dynasty
馮班associated-dynasty
馮甦associated-dynasty
馮祚泰associated-dynasty
馮舒associated-dynasty
馮詠associated-dynasty
馮調鼎associated-dynasty
馮雲驌associated-dynasty
高世泰associated-dynasty
高之騱associated-dynasty
高兆associated-dynasty
高士奇associated-dynasty
高孝本associated-dynasty
高宸associated-dynasty
高嵀associated-dynasty
高愈associated-dynasty
高熊徵associated-dynasty
高爾儼associated-dynasty
高珩associated-dynasty
高阜associated-dynasty
高鳳翰associated-dynasty
魏之琇associated-dynasty
魏憲associated-dynasty
魏方泰associated-dynasty
魏樞associated-dynasty
魏荔彤associated-dynasty
魏裔介associated-dynasty
魏象樞associated-dynasty
魯曾煜associated-dynasty
鮑楹associated-dynasty
黃中associated-dynasty
黃中松associated-dynasty
黃之雋associated-dynasty
黃任associated-dynasty
黃元御associated-dynasty
黃光岳associated-dynasty
黃叔琳associated-dynasty
黃叔璥associated-dynasty
黃名甌associated-dynasty
黃宗炎associated-dynasty
黃宗羲associated-dynasty
黃家杰associated-dynasty
黃家遴associated-dynasty
黃容associated-dynasty
黃採associated-dynasty
黃文澍associated-dynasty
黃永年associated-dynasty
黃澄associated-dynasty
黃燐associated-dynasty
黃琳associated-dynasty
黃生associated-dynasty
黃登associated-dynasty
黃百家associated-dynasty
黃虞稷associated-dynasty
黃越associated-dynasty
黃鐘associated-dynasty
黃鵬揚associated-dynasty
黃鼎associated-dynasty
黎士宏associated-dynasty
黎定國associated-dynasty
黎由高associated-dynasty
齊召南associated-dynasty
齊祖望associated-dynasty
龍為霖associated-dynasty
龍體剛associated-dynasty
龐塏associated-dynasty
龔廷歷associated-dynasty
吳三桂rebelled-against1674/1/23康熙癸丑年十二月壬子
朱一貴rebelled-against1721/4/26 - 1721/5/25康熙辛丑年四月
李沅發rebelled-against1849/12/14道光二十九年十一月甲午
林爽文rebelled-against1787/2/14乾隆五十一年十二月丙寅
楊起隆rebelled-against1674/1/28康熙癸丑年十二月丁巳
洪秀全rebelled-against1850/7/9 - 1850/8/7道光三十年六月345229
苗沛霖rebelled-against1861/10/27咸豐十一年九月己酉
清太宗ruled1636/2/7崇德元年正月丁未1643/9/21崇德八年八月庚午
清世祖ruled1643/9/22崇德八年八月辛未1661/2/5順治十八年正月丁巳
清聖祖ruled1661/2/6順治十八年正月戊午1722/12/20康熙六十一年十一月甲午
清世宗ruled1722/12/21康熙六十一年十一月乙未1735/10/8雍正十三年八月己丑
清高宗ruled1735/10/9雍正十三年八月庚寅1796/2/8乾隆六十年十二月丁未
清仁宗ruled1796/2/9嘉慶元年正月戊申1820/9/2嘉慶二十五年七月己卯
清宣宗ruled1820/9/3嘉慶二十五年七月庚辰1850/2/25道光三十年正月丁未
清文宗ruled1850/2/26道光三十年正月戊申1861/8/22咸豐十一年七月癸卯
清穆宗ruled1861/8/23咸豐十一年七月甲辰1875/1/12同治十三年十二月甲戌
清德宗ruled1875/1/13同治十三年十二月乙亥1908/11/14光緒三十四年十月癸酉
清恭宗ruled1908/11/15光緒三十四年十月甲戌1912/2/12宣統三年十二月戊午
清史稿work-subject

TextCount
海國圖志3
清史稿1
三藩紀事本末1
平台紀略3
明史89
江南通志10
萇楚齋續筆5
四庫全書總目提要2672
小腆紀傳25
蜀碧1
海寇記1
萇楚齋五筆2
明史紀事本末4
五百羅漢像贊2
查東山先生年譜1
小腆紀年1
四庫全書簡明目錄483
字辨1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/385056 [RDF]

Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2024. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.