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-> 吳大帝

吳大帝[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:391758

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name吳大帝default
name大帝
name孫權
name-style仲謀三國志·吳書二》:孫權字仲謀。
died-date太元二年四月
252/4/27 - 252/5/25
三國志·吳書二》:夏四月,權薨,時年七十一,謚曰大皇帝。
born182
died252
died-age71三國志·吳書二》:夏四月,權薨,時年七十一,謚曰大皇帝。
fatherperson:孫堅三國志·吳書一》:堅四子:策、權、翊、匡。
ruleddynasty:孫吳
    from-date 黃武元年十月壬戌
222/11/22
    to-date 神鳳元年三月己巳
252/4/25
authority-cbdb20609
authority-ddbc2169
authority-viaf58099796
authority-wikidataQ313327
link-wikipedia_zh孙权
link-wikipedia_enSun_Quan
Sun Quan (, Chinese: 孫權) (182 – 21 May 252), courtesy name Zhongmou (仲謀), formally known as Emperor Da of Wu (literally "Great Emperor of Wu"), was the founder of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period. He inherited control of the warlord regime established by his elder brother, Sun Ce, in 200. He declared formal independence and ruled from 222 to 229 as the King of Wu and from 229 to 252 as the Emperor of Wu. Unlike his rivals Cao Cao and Liu Bei, Sun Quan was much younger than they were and governed his state mostly separate of politics and ideology. He is sometimes portrayed as neutral considering he adopted a flexible foreign policy between his two rivals with the goal of pursuing the greatest interests for the country.

Sun Quan was born while his father Sun Jian served as the adjutant of Xiapi County. After Sun Jian's death in the early 190s, he and his family lived at various cities on the lower Yangtze River, until Sun Ce carved out a warlord regime in the Jiangdong region, based on his own followers and a number of local clan allegiances. When Sun Ce was assassinated by the retainers of Xu Gong in 200, the 18-year-old Sun Quan inherited the lands southeast of the Yangtze River from his brother. His administration proved to be relatively stable in those early years as Sun Jian and Sun Ce's most senior officers, such as Zhou Yu, Zhang Zhao, Zhang Hong, and Cheng Pu supported the succession. Thus throughout the 200s, Sun Quan, under the tutelage of his able advisers, continued to build up his strength along the Yangtze River. In early 207, his forces finally won complete victory over Huang Zu, a military leader under Liu Biao, who dominated the middle Yangtze. Huang Zu was killed in battle.

In winter of that year, the northern warlord Cao Cao led an army of approximately 220,000 to conquer the south to complete the reunification of China. Two distinct factions emerged at his court on how to handle the situation. One, led by Zhang Zhao, urged surrender whilst the other, led by Zhou Yu and Lu Su, opposed capitulation. Eventually, Sun Quan decided to oppose Cao Cao in the middle Yangtze with his superior riverine forces. Allied with Liu Bei and employing the combined strategies of Zhou Yu and Huang Gai, they defeated Cao Cao decisively at the Battle of Red Cliffs.

In 220, Cao Pi, King of Wei, Cao Cao's son and successor, seized the throne and proclaimed himself to be the Emperor of China, ending and succeeding the nominal rule of the Han dynasty. At first Sun Quan nominally served as a Wei vassal with the Wei-created title of King of Wu, but after Cao Pi demanded that he send his son Sun Deng as a hostage to the Wei capital Luoyang and he refused, in 222, he declared himself independent by changing his era name. It was not until the year 229 that he formally declared himself emperor.

After the death of his original crown prince, Sun Deng, two opposing factions supporting different potential successors slowly emerged. When Sun He succeeded Sun Deng as the new crown prince, he was supported by Lu Xun and Zhuge Ke, while his rival Sun Ba was supported by Quan Cong and Bu Zhi and their clans. Over a prolonged internal power struggle, numerous officials were executed, and Sun Quan harshly settled the conflict between the two factions by exiling Sun He and forcing Sun Ba to commit suicide. Sun Quan died in 252 at the age of 70. He enjoyed the longest reign among all the founders of the Three Kingdoms and was succeeded by his son, Sun Liang.

The Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi) describes Sun Quan as a tall man with bright eyes and oblong face. He was known as a wise and outgoing man who was fond of making jokes and playing tricks. Because of his skill in valuing the strength of his subordinates and avoiding their shortcomings, as well as treating them like his family, Sun Quan was able to delegate authority to capable figures. This primary strength served him well in gaining the support of the common people and surrounding himself with capable generals.

Read more...: Early life and career   Succeeding Sun Ce   Battle of Red Cliffs   Uneasy alliance with Liu Bei   Breaking of alliance with Liu Bei   Early reign   Middle reign   Late reign   Family   Era names   In popular culture   Video games   Card games   Film and television  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelationfrom-dateto-date
吳廢帝father
吳景帝father
孫和father
黃武ruler222/11/22黃武元年十月壬戌229/5/22黃武八年四月乙未
黃龍ruler229/5/23黃龍元年四月丙申232/2/8黃龍三年十二月丁卯
嘉禾ruler232/2/9嘉禾元年正月戊辰238/8/27嘉禾七年七月己未
赤烏ruler238/8/28赤烏元年八月庚申251/6/5赤烏十四年四月甲辰
太元ruler251/6/6太元元年五月乙巳252/2/26太元二年正月庚午
神鳳ruler252/2/27神鳳元年二月辛未252/4/25神鳳元年三月己巳

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TextCount
史諱舉例1
三國志155
南詔野史1
文獻通考1
後漢書3
晉書1
十六國春秋1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/391758 [RDF]

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