Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project Data wiki
-> 秦始皇帝

秦始皇帝[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:40925

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name秦始皇帝default
name始皇帝
name始皇
name嬴政
fatherperson:秦莊襄王史記·卷6 秦始皇本紀第六》:秦始皇帝者,秦莊襄王子也。
ruleddynasty:秦
    from-date 秦始皇帝元年
-246
    to-date 秦始皇帝三十七年七月丙申
-210/8/11
authority-wikidataQ7192
link-wikipedia_zh秦始皇帝
link-wikipedia_enQin_Shi_Huang
Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇, ; 18 February 259 – 10 September 210) was a Chinese monarch. He was the founder of the Qin dynasty and the first emperor of a unified China. From 247 to 221 BC he was Zheng, King of Qin (秦王政, Qín Wáng Zhèng, personal name 嬴政 Yíng Zhèng or 趙政 Zhào Zhèng). He became China's first emperor when he was 38 after the Qin had conquered all of the other Warring States and unified all of China in 221 BC. Rather than maintain the title of "king" (王 wáng) borne by the previous Shang and Zhou rulers, he ruled as the First Emperor (始皇帝) of the Qin dynasty from 221 BC to 210 BC. His self-invented title "emperor" (皇帝 ) would continue to be borne by Chinese rulers for the next two millennia.

During his reign, his generals greatly expanded the size of the Chinese state: campaigns south of Chu permanently added the Yue lands of Hunan and Guangdong to the Chinese cultural orbit; campaigns in Central Asia conquered the Ordos Loop from the nomad Xiongnu, although eventually it would also lead to their confederation under Modu Chanyu.

Qin Shi Huang also worked with his minister Li Si to enact major economic and political reforms aimed at the standardization of the diverse practices of the earlier Chinese states. He is traditionally said to have banned and burned many books and executed scholars. His public works projects included the unification of diverse state walls into a single Great Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as the city-sized mausoleum guarded by the life-sized Terracotta Army. He ruled until his death in 210 BC during his fourth tour of Eastern China.

Read more...: Origin of name   Birth and parentage   As the King of Qin   Regency   Lao Ais attempted coup   First attempted assassination   Second attempted assassination   Unification of China   As the Emperor of Qin   Administrative reforms   Economic reforms   Philosophy   Third attempted assassination   Public works   Great Wall   Lingqu Canal   Elixir of life   Death and post-mortem events   Second Emperor conspiracy   Family   Legacy   Mausoleum   Historiography   Cultural references  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
秦始皇(前259年2月 - 前210年),姓,氏,名,時稱趙政(或稱趙正),史書多作秦王政始皇帝,祖籍嬴國(今山東濟南市萊蕪區),生於趙國首都邯鄲(今河北邯鄲市),是秦莊襄王之子,商朝重臣惡來的第35世孫。出土《北京大學藏西漢竹書》第三卷中稱其為趙正。唐代司馬貞在《史記索隱》引述《世本》稱其為趙政。曹植《文帝誄》最早稱始皇帝為嬴政,後世通稱嬴政,亦被某些文學作品稱為「祖龍」。他是戰國末期秦國君主,十三歲即位,先後鏟除嫪毐與呂不韋,並重用李斯、尉繚,三十九歲時滅亡六國建立秦朝,自稱「始皇帝」,五十歲出巡時駕崩,在位三十七年。

秦始皇是中國史上第一位使用「皇帝」稱號的君主。統一天下後,秦始皇繼承了商鞅變法的郡縣制度和中央集權,統一度量衡,「車同軌,書同文,行同倫」及典章法制,奠定了中國政治史上兩千餘年之專制政治格局,他被明代思想家李贄譽為「千古一帝」。但另一方面,秦始皇在位期間亦進行多項大型工程,包括修築長城、阿房宮、驪山陵等,施政急躁,令人民徭役過重,是秦朝在他死後3年迅速滅亡的重要原因。

Read more...: 稱呼   早年生活   人質之子   安然返秦   身世之謎   即位   成蟜叛變   嫪毐之亂   呂不韋失勢   殲滅六國   統一前的預備   鄭國渠   諫逐客書與李斯   徵闢韓非   殲滅六國   總方針   削弱趙國   滅韓趙兩國   新鄭騷亂   滅魏國   昌平君叛秦   王翦滅楚   荊軻刺秦與滅燕   滅齊國   衛君角解國   分析   政治措施   初並天下詔和稱皇帝   五德終始說   三公九卿   採用郡縣制   銷毀兵器   去險阻,墜城廓   徙置富豪   統一文字   經濟措施   統一度量衡   貨幣   重農抑商   使黔首自實田   軍事建設   修築長城   築馳道與車同軌   開鑿靈渠   大興土木   秦始皇時期建造的宮殿   阿房宮   驪山陵   兵馬俑   開疆拓土   北伐匈奴   南征百越   深入嶺南   越人反攻   戰事殭持   移民戍邊   天下巡遊   追求長生   遭遇暗殺事件   高漸離暗殺未遂   博浪沙行刺事件   咸陽暗殺事件   焚書坑儒   祖龍之死   凶兆出現   最後的巡遊   身後   沙丘之變   秦朝滅亡   趙佗獨立   軼事   秦始皇的身高   秦始皇的佩劍   秦始皇討論禪讓   徐福東渡   評價   紀年   家庭   父母   叔伯   弟弟   后妃   子女   公子   公主   影視作品   電視劇   電影   紀錄片   歌劇   遊戲   文藝作品   書籍   歌劇   漫畫   相關條目   延伸閱讀   注釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

Display ruler in date view


TextCount
野客叢書1
七修類稿1
五代會要1
三國志1
大越史記全書6
舊唐書2
漢書4
四庫全書總目提要8
資治通鑑66
後漢書3
越史略1
十六國春秋1
史記103
宋史1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/40925 [RDF]

Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2024. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.