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-> 管仲

管仲[View] [Edit] [History]

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Guan Zhong (管仲; c. 720–645 BC) was a Chinese philosopher and politician. He served as chancellor and was a reformer of the State of Qi during the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. His given name was Yiwu (夷吾 Yíwú|links=no). Zhong was his courtesy name. He is mainly remembered for his reforms as chancellor under Duke Huan of Qi, as well as his friendship with his colleague Bao Shuya, though his reputation remained controversial among the Confucians, as detailed in the Philosophy and appraisal section.

Through Guan Zhong's reforms and skilful diplomacy Qi became the most powerful of the feudal states and Duke Huan became the first of the Five Hegemons. Though knowledge of his reforms is limited, in particular he instituted a famous fiscal policy known as "balancing the light and the heavy", associated with salt and iron monopolies. Though otherwise a diverse work, the Guanzi compilation making use of his name makes similar such recommendations.

Read more...: Life   Youth and friendship with Bao Shuya   Tutors of different princes   Becoming chancellor   Domestic reforms   Philosophy and appraisal   Achievements   State Monopoly on Salt and Iron   Qi-Hengshan War   Publications   In popular culture  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
管仲(前725年? - 前645年),姓,氏,名夷吾,字,諡,被稱為管子管夷吾管敬仲,潁上(今安徽省潁上縣)人,春秋時代法家代表人物。齊國的政治家,哲學家,與樂毅齊名,周穆王的後代。管仲雖然僅是齊國下卿,卻被視為中國曆史上宰相的典範,任內大興改革,重視商業。《國語·齊語》、、《管子》、《左傳》等都載有他的生活傳記,《論語》中也有幾處關於孔子對他的評論,北宋蘇洵的《管仲論》也對管仲做出了分析和批判。

Read more...: 管鮑之交   管仲變法   歷史評價  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.



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